2024 new reduced School Fees structure and guidelines for all secondary schools in Kenya; Education Ministry releases guidelines

The Ministry of Education has released the 2024 school fees structure for all secondary schools under the government’s Free Day Secondary Education (FDSE) programme.

Read all the details on the revised school Fees here: Fees Structure Guidelines for Secondary schools 2024

The new guidelines shows the amount of school fees to be paid by parents in National Schools, Extra County Schools, County, Sub-county and special schools. Here are the new guidelines from the Ministry;


Priorities of secondary education are guided by strategic objectives articulated in the Medium Term Plan III (2018-2022) of Vision 2030 and the Constitution of Kenya In this regard, the Government of Kenya (GOK) will continue with its effort to maintain one hundred percent (100%) transition from primary to secondary education.

Hence, the decision to enhance the maintenance and improvement in 2019 to help schools meet some maintenance and development needs will continue to apply in 2023.

This budget component will be used to improve existing infrastructure and in some cases put up new facilities to ease pressure on existing facilities.

The guidance on the use of this vote as provided during the actual disbursement of funds will continue to apply in 2024.

Schools will therefore continue to operate with merged votes in 2024 to enable these schools meet some of their critical needs in a flexible manner.


Government subsidy (Capitation) to schools to actualize Free Day Secondary Education (FDSE) will be KES. 22,244.00 annually per learner as stipulated in table below;

 Table 1: FDSE Structure

2Medical/ Insurance2,000.00
5Other Vote Heads9,400.00
6Maintenance and Improvement5,000.00
7Grand Total22,244.00


Other vote heads: local travel and transport, Administration, Electricity, Personnel emolument.

Disbursement of capitation to schools will be done in the ratio 50:30:20.

Schools are directed that they capture all learners in order for them to get full funding. This Government subsidy is disbursed to public schools under the following conditions:

  • The school must be duly registered and headed by a TSC appointed principal.
  • The school must be registered on the NEMIS platform
  • The school must register and update learners records in the NEMIS platform
  • All bank accounts operated by the school must be registered in NEMIS and with MOE at all its levels.

Under the Operation account, schools may seek authority from the CEBs to wire savings or surplus funds from one item to another when it is absolutely necessary but the same does not apply for tuition account.

It is further clarified that the personnel emolument will not be restricted to payment of Non teaching staff.

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 1.1.1 Day Schools

The Government of Kenya will continue to offer free day schooling and the fees structure for day schools in shown in Table 2.

 Table 2: Fees Structure for Day Schools

Other vote heads Local travel and transport, Administration, Electricity, Personnel

1.1.2 Boarding Schools

The government will provide capitation for each learner in a boarding school that is equal to capitation for each learner in a day school.

In order to meet the cost of boarding, parents will pay the boarding fees applicable to different categories of schools and location.

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New secondary school fees structure 2024 (Education Ministry reduces fees)

Fees Structure Guidelines for Secondary schools 2024

Tables 3, 4 and 5 below provide the details of the fees.

Table 3: 2024 Boarding school’s fees structure- category A*

1Teaching, Learning Materials & Exams4,144.0004,144.00
2Boarding Equipment & Stores0.0024,935.0024,935.00
3Maintenance & Improvement5,000.002,000.007,000.00
4Other Vote Heads9,400.0017,267.0026,667.00
5Activity Fees1,500.00798.002,298.00
6Medical & Insurance2,000.000.002,000.00
8Total School Fees22,244.0045,000.0067,244.00


*Other vote heads Local travel and transport, Administration. Electricity, Personnel emolument.

 Schools classified as Category A are:

  • All National schools and
  • Extra county schools that are located in the following towns: Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru, Kisumu, Nyeri, Thika and Eldoret ONLY.

 Table 4: 2024 Boarding schools fees structure- category B*

1Teachiing, Learning Materials & Exams4,144.0004,144.00
2Boarding Equipment & Stores0.0020,830.0020,830.00
3Maintenance & Improvement5,000.002,000.007,000.00
4Other Vote Heads9,400.0011,670.0021,070.00
5Activity Fees1,500.00500.002,000.00
6Medical & Insurance2,000.000.002,000.00
8Total School Fees22,244.0035,000.0057,244.00


*Other vote heads Local travel and transport, Administration, Electricity, Personnel emolument.

Schools classified as Category B* are other boarding schools including extra county schools that are located in other areas other than the town of Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru, Kisumu, Nyeri, Thika and Eldoret.

Table 5: 2024 Fees Structure for Special Needs Schools

1Teachiing, Learning Materials & Exams4,144.0004,144.00
2Boarding Equipment & Stores19,053.008,860.0027,913.00
3Maintenance & Improvement5,000.002,000.007,000.00
4Other Vote Heads9,400.000.009,400.00
5Activity Fees1,500.000.001,500.00
6Medical & Insurance2,000.000.002,000.00
7Top Up12,510.000.0012,510.00
9Total School Fees53,807.0010,860.0067.167.00


Other vote heads Local travel and transport, Administration. Electricity, Personnel emolument.

Schools classified as Special needs are those schools that cater for learners with impairment e.g visual, physical, hearing and mental. GOK has enhanced capitation to KES. 53,807.00 distributed in the fees structure shown in Table 5.

The structure includes GOK subsidy of KES. 19,053.00 per learner for Boarding Equipment and stores and a top up grant of 12,510.00 per learner to cater for assistive devices and any additional personnel needed.

Schools are advised to adhere to the fees guidelines provided in the regulations.

To ensure accountability and smooth implementation of the FDSE programe, all schools are required to operate the following bank accounts.

2.0.1 Types of Bank Accounts

Schools are expected to have bank accounts for various purposes and accountability. Each school should operate bank accounts as follows:-

  • Tuition account: for banking of tution funds and all payments should strictly be made by cheques. Funds in the tuition account must be utilized for the procurement of teaching and learning material (TLMs) only.
  • Operational Account: – This account is used for banking of all Government subsidies except the tuition Infrastructure Grants as well as Maintenance and improvement funds should be transferred to the school infrastructure Account thirty days upon receipt of the funds.
  • Boarding Account: – This account for banking of funds paid by parents for boarding related expenses.
  • A Saving Account: This account is for banking funds from the Boarding Account Cash Book that cannot be put to immediate use.
  • School Infrastructure Account: – for banking infrastructure grants from GoK and Maintenance and Improvement (M&L) funds. It is illegal to spend grants from any other account. Therefore all grants must be transferred whole into this account.
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Schools with income generating activities shall open separate bank accounts for the same. School who receive NGCDF support must open an account for the project as provided for by the CDF Act.


In addition to the above, the following procedures will continue to apply:

  •  Each account must have a separate cash book;
  • All schools must acknowledge the receipt of funds by a letter to the CDE/uploading an official receipt on the NEMIS plat form;
  • A receipt is issued to every learner for the capitation amount received for every disbursement;
  • Schools must post on their notice boards the amounts received;
  • Schools have the freedom to operate a fourth bank account to cater for development funds;
  • No virement is authorized from the Tuition Account:
  • All CDF and donations or funds from Harambee must be receipted officially and entered into the school Cash books. These include incomes from hire of school facilities e.g grounds, classrooms, halls or billboards on school compounds.


All schools’ management, especially, principals, are expected to ensure prudence in the use of school funds and to adhere to the laid down financial regulations as stipulated in the reviewed Handbook on Financial Management for Public Secondary Schools, Teacher Training Colleges And Technical And Vocational Colleges in Kenya issued by the MOE, the Public Finance Management Act, 2012 and the Public Procurement and Disposal Act, 2015.

All stipulated accounting procedures and other necessary measures, including cost-saving, must be adhered to by all schools at all times. In addition, the following will apply:-

  •  Schools shall NOT enter into financial contracts e.g. Hire purchase, bank loans or mortgages without the express written approval of the Cabinet Secretary in line with Section 18 of 4 Schedule of the Basic Education Act, 2013.
  • Every principal shall be responsible for application and utilization of funds as the accounting officer of the school. Guidelines of the same shall be given before the actual disbursement.


Parents will continue to meet the following cost:

  •  School uniforms;
  • Boarding related costs as reflected in the boarding school fees structure;
  • Lunch for the day scholars, and
  • Clear their fees balances for continuing students prior to Jan 2020.


MOE will continue to disburse funds to support the BOM employces. To minimize the cost of secondary education it is necessary to rationalize the recruitment of such cadre of staff.

It shall be the responsibility of the boards to hire Non Teaching Staff at terms commensurate with qualification and capacity to pay.

It is also important for schools to hire persons who are qualified for the job.


Cases of re-admission of dropouts and transfer should be dealt with on individual basis and as stipulated in the student transfer guidelines.

All transfers must be handled through the NEMIS system.


It shall be the responsibility of the principal to ensure accurate data is available in NEMIS and every student is fully registered on the platform.

Every student has been issued with a UPI number. This must be used at all time during admission and transfers.

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Transfers of students should be avoided in the course of the academic year and may only be sanctioned by the Director General under special circumstances.

Disbursement of capitation will be done using the data available in the system.

Schools which received capitation for students above the enrollment will be penalized and the principal surcharged for loss of public resources as provided for in Public Finance Management Act, 2012 Sections 197,198 and 202.

Hence forth, any change of bank accounts will be effected at the head quarter with school request for change forwarded by the sub county director of education


Ministry of Education has made a decision to review to Ksh.5,000 per student the amount for M&I per year to cater for ensuring a proper learning environment with adequate school infrastructure and other improvements.

Similarly, for boarding schools, an additional Ksh2,000 is provided for.

This vote should only be used for immovable assets and other form of infrastructure in the school that may require upgrading.

Approval must be sought from the relevant office on utilization of the funds under thuis vote. Detailed guidelines will be issued on the approval of projects under this lund.


The Ministry of Education entered into a contract with National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF), which requires the latter to over comprehensive medical cover to all the students in public secondary schools with effect from 1 May 2018.

Principals are therefore required to acquaint themselves with the terms of the cover to ensure that students access quality health services from NHIF accredited health facilities and cease requesting parents to meet medical expenses.

Schools are required to fully register a student in NEMIS for a NHIF number to be generated to ease students accessing services even when on holiday.

Students should be advised to inform their parents about the UPI numbers. In addition all school principals should sent death notification letters to the Principal Secretary within seven (7) days of death of any student in their schools and also help their parents/guardians fill a claim form for last expense and group lite benefits payment.

The Ministry will retain Ksh.1350 from the medical vote head to fund the medical cover. The rest of the vote head funds will be disbursed to schools to meet insurance related expenses.


As stipulated in the Public Finance Management (PFM) Act, 2012,

  • Every public officer employed in a public entity shall comply with the Constitution and all laws relating to the conduct of public officers when carrying out a responsibility or exercising a power under this Act.
  • Without prejudice to PFM Act provisions, a public officer shall ensure that the resources in his/her purview are used in a way, which is (a) lawful and authorized; and (b) Effective, efficient, economical and transparent;
  •  All procurement of goods and services is to be carried out in accordance with Article 227 of the Constitution and the relevant legislation on procurement and disposal of assets.
  •  An Accounting Officer may not authorize payment to be made out of funds earmarked for specific activities for other purposes other than those activities.

 Ineligible expenditure will arise when such expenditures do not adhere to the law and are not aligned towards the goal of students learning, which are the school’s main activities.’

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