• Mon. Jul 15th, 2024

The Animal Farm Novel: Here is the best summary of the book

Jul 15, 2024

“Animal Farm” is a novella written by George Orwell and published in 1945. It’s a satirical allegory that uses a group of farm animals to represent events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent Stalinist era in the Soviet Union. Here’s a summary and analysis of the novella:


The story is set on Manor Farm, where the animals, led by Old Major, a wise boar, rebel against their human owner, Mr. Jones, due to their mistreatment. Old Major outlines the principles of “Animalism,” a philosophy advocating animal equality.

After Old Major’s death, the animals, led by the pigs Snowball and Napoleon, revolt, and the humans are overthrown.

The animals rename the farm “Animal Farm” and establish their own rules, including the Seven Commandments.

At first, the farm thrives under the new system, but over time, the pigs, especially Napoleon, become more and more like the humans they originally rebelled against.

They manipulate the other animals, rewrite history, and become corrupt leaders.

The Seven Commandments are gradually altered, and the pigs even form alliances with the humans, which they once opposed. The other animals work hard but receive little in return.

In the end, the farm is indistinguishable from its original state, and the pigs enjoy privileges while the other animals live in poverty.


1. **Allegory of the Russian Revolution**: “Animal Farm” is a thinly veiled allegory for the events of the Russian Revolution and the subsequent Soviet regime. The animals represent various classes and figures from that era. For instance, Old Major symbolizes Karl Marx, while Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin.

2. **Corruption of Power**:

The novella illustrates how power can corrupt those who attain it. The pigs start with noble intentions but gradually become tyrannical rulers, betraying the principles of Animalism.

3. **Manipulation of Language**:

The pigs’ ability to manipulate language and rewrite history is a critique of propaganda and censorship in totalitarian regimes. The changing commandments and slogans reflect the distortion of truth.

4. **Class Struggle**:

The story reflects the struggle between the working class (the other animals) and the ruling class (the pigs). It demonstrates how revolutions can sometimes lead to the replacement of one oppressive regime with another.

5. **Loss of Individual Rights**:

As the story progresses, the animals lose their individual rights and freedoms. This mirrors the loss of civil liberties in totalitarian regimes.

6. **Cynical View of Politics**:

Orwell’s work is a critique of the political system and the tendency of revolutions to be co-opted by power-hungry individuals or groups.

“Animal Farm” is a powerful critique of totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and the corruption of ideals. It serves as a warning about the dangers of allowing those in power to betray the very principles they claim to uphold.

The novel’s relevance extends beyond its historical context, making it a timeless piece of political literature.