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   101/1                                                           Candidate’s Signature ……….………..

 

   ENGLISH                                                                          Date ……………………………….……   Paper 1

                (Function Skills)

               January 

   Time:2 hours

MOI HIGH SCHOOL-KABARTONJO

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1.   Functional Writing                                                                                     (20 marks)

Assume you have completed your secondary school education. There is an advert in the ‘Daily News’ about scholarships in a South Africa university. Write to Sotho University of South Africa, P O Box 29701, Sotho land, South Africa, to enquire all the necessary details you require about the scholarship and send it via email.

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2.   Cloze Test                                                                                                                    (10 marks)

Fill the dash with the most appropriate word.

 

When preparing for examinations, the use of the mind is encouraged 1——————-  than dull rote learning. Thorough preparation for an examination

2———————–  anxiety and helps in passing the examination. This can be achieved when one  3 ————————————good foundation at the outset.

To have a good foundation, the 4————————————-should make sure that essential points in a topic are understood 5—————————————-moving to another topic. One should also guard 6———————————————–being left behind, but should 7——————————————————- to cover the ground as the course progresses. The learner should also develop a 8——————————————of making notes 9————————————–What she/he learns and reviews 10——————————————– notes at intervals, starting with the simpler ones and progressing to the harder ones.

3.   Oral Skills                                                                                                                   (30 marks)

( a)        Read the following oral poem and answer the questions that follow.

 

The Mop by GatheruGathemia

 

What more do you see in me? What more than a mop to be used To wash once you have fed.

 

What more do you see in me? What more than a fridge

To store all your garbage ideas.

 

What more do you see in me?

What more than a dummy recorder

To reproduce the dictates of your tyranny.

 

What more do you see in me?

What more than a soft object

To toy with whenever you want game What more do you see in me?

 

(i)  Identify three (3) features of oral poetry in the poem.                            (3 marks)

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(ii)If you were to perform the song how would you make it interesting?  (3 marks)

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(iii)              Which words would you stress in stanza 3 line 3 and why?                 (3 marks)

(iv)               Give the homophone for each of the word below.                                   (3 marks)

See——————————you—————————to————————–

  • Give two examples where each of the following letter are silent. (5 marks)
    • /n/———————————————————————————-   —-
    • /g/——————————————————
    • /u/———————————————————————————-
    • /s/———————————————————————————–
    • /w/———————————————————————————-
  • Describe the intonation patterns in the sentences that follow. (5 marks)

 

(i)  The children read the story, didn’t they?  —————————————————————–

(ii)               Is that what Joan planned to do?  —————————————————————————

(iii)              It is either you work or get out of my house.  ————————————————————

(iv)               I would like tea not juice please.  ————————————————————————–

(v) Who would have dreamt of such a long holiday!  ——————————————————-

 

  • If you are the chairperson of a discussion group. What is your role in the group?

(5 marks)

  • —————————————————————————————

 

  • —————————————————————————————

 

  • —————————————————————————————

 

  • —————————————————————————————

 

  • —————————————————————————————
  • For each of the word given below, identify the number of syllables. (3 marks)

 

  • Cabinet ——————————————————————

 

  • Firewood ————————————————————

 

  • Establishment ———————————————————-

 

 

 

 

 

 

PAPER 2 101/2

(Comprehension, Literary  Appreciation and Grammar)

2021

2 ½ hours

 

 

1.   Comprehension                                                                                           (20 marks)

 

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

In 1962, what began as an isolated fit of laughter in a group of schoolgirls in Tanzania rapidly rose to epidemic proportions. Contagious laughter spread from one individual to the next and between communities. Fluctuating in intensity, the laughter epidemic lasted for around two and a half years and during this time at least fourteen schools were closed an about a thousand people afflicted. Laughter epidemics, big and small, are universal. Laughter yoga an innovation of Madam Kataria of Mumbai, taps into contagious laughter of her Laughter Yoga clubs. Members gather in public places to engage in laughter exercises to energise the body and improve health. Kataria realized that laughter is only needed to stimulate laughter- no jokes are necessary. When we hear laughter, we become beasts of the herd, mindlessly laughing in turn, producing a behavioral chain reaction that sweeps through our group.

Laughter is a rich source of information about complex social relationships, if you know where to look. Learning to ‘read’ laughter is particularly valuable because laughter is voluntary and hard to fake, providing uncensored, honest accounts of what people really think about each other. It is a decidedly social signal. The social context of laughter was established by 72 student’s volunteers in my class, who recorded their own laughter, its time of occurrence and social circumstances in small note books (laugh logbooks) during a one-week period. The sociality of laughter was striking. My logbook keepers laughed about 30 times more when they were around others than when they were alone- laughter almost disappeared among solitary subjects.

Further clues about the social context of laughter came from the surreptitious observation of 1,200 instances of conversational laughter among anonymous people in public places. My colleagues and I noted the gender of the speaker and audience (listener), whether the speaker or the audience laughed, and what was said immediately before laughter occurred. Contrary to expectation, most conversational laughter was not a response to jokes or humorous stories. Fewer than 20% of pre-laugh comments were remotely jokelike or humorous.  Most laughter followed banal remarks such as ‘Are you sure?’ and ‘It was nice meeting you too.’ Mutual playfulness, in-group feeling and positive emotional tone- not comedy- mark the social settings of most naturally occurring laughter. Another counterintuitive discovery was that the average speakers laughs about 46% more than the audience. This contrasts with the scenario of standup comedy – a type of comedy in which a non-laughing speaker presents jokes to a laughing audience. Comedy performance in general proves an inadequate model for everyday conversational laughter. Analyses that focus only on audience behavior (a common approach) are obviously limited because they neglect the social nature of the laughing relationship. Amazingly, we somehow navigate society, laughing at just the right times, while not consciously knowing what we are doing. In our sample of 1,200 laughter episodes, the speaker and the audience seldom interrupted the phrase structure of speech with a ha-ha. Thus, speakers may say ‘You are wearing that? Ha-ha,’ but rarely ‘You are wearing-haha-that?’ The occurrence of laughter during pauses at the end of the phrase, and before and after statements and questions suggest that neurologically based process governs the placement of laughter. Speech is dominant over laughter because it has priority access to the single vocalization channel, and laughter does not violate the integrity of phrase structure. Laughter in speech is similar to pronunciation in written communication.

 

 

  • What epidemic is the author talking about? (2 marks)
  • Why was the epidemic alarming?  (2 marks)
  • The author describes laughter as contagious, what does he mean? (2 marks)
  • What is the relation between laughter and social circles? (2 marks)
  • Why did the author engage the 72 volunteers? (3 marks)
  • In note form, identify what the author discovered about laughter. ( 4 marks)
  • What do we deduce from the 1,200 conversations? (2 marks)

(h)      Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage.

(3 marks)

  1. i) Fluctuating in intensity
  2. ii) Solitary subjects

iii)Surreptitious

 

  1. Blossoms of the Savannah by H. R. Ole Kulet (25 marks)

   Read the following excerpt an answer the questions that follow.

Joseph Parmuat felt differently. When he went back to his house that evening after coaching the girls, something seemed to have changed dramatically. He recalled Taiyo’s dazzling smile and the way her beauty filled him with enchantment. But the enchanting feeling seemed to have evaporated fast and in its place, his heart was now filled with a devastating feeling of hopelessness. There was a strange emptiness in him, a sort of hollowness he had never experienced before. His heart was desolate like a deserted house.

He could not place the problem. He had won the heart of the girl he ardently admired. That should have filled his heart with exhilaration. Instead, it was filled with a frightening premonition.

 

Yes, he now knew. He was like a fish that had just jumped out of water in pursuit of one morsel, but was now finding itself unable to breath and was on the verge of death. Yes, it had swallowed the morsel, but what good was it to its body if it died? It was now desperately trying to wriggle back into the water. Was the morsel worth the risk the fish had taken and nearly lost its dear life? The morsel was enticing, succulent and luscious, although they may not be equally attractive and enticing. Did he have to abandon Nasila culture in exchange of a woman who sneered at its tenets? Was she one who could, be tamed or was she like a wild donkey? Even if she could, how would he ever jump the hurdle of her status that negatively described her as being among intoiyenemengalana?

  • Briefly explain what happens before this episode. (4 marks)
  • Describe how Joseph was feeling and the reasons for this feeling. (3 marks)
  • What role was Joseph playing in Ole Kaelo’s house? (3 marks)
  • ‘He was like a fish that had just jumped out of the water in pursuit of one morsel………but now on the verge of death.’ Explain why Joseph thinks of himself this way.

( 4 marks)

  • Apart from simile, identify two other stylistic devices in the excerpt. (4 marks)
  • What is the meaning of intoiyenemengalana? (2 marks)

 

(g) Explain the decision that Joseph finally makes concerning the matter at hand.   (3 marks)

 

(h) Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt.                     (2marks)          i) desolate

ii)succulent

 

 

 

3. Poetry                                                                                                             (20 marks)

Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow.

Alone With Everybody

 

the flesh covers the bones and they put a mind in there and sometimes a soul, and the women break vases against the walls

and the men drink too much

and nobody finds the one but keep looking crawling in and out of beds flesh covers the bone and the flesh searches

 

the hospitals fill

the graveyards fill

 

nothing else fills.

  • Briefly explain what the poem is about. (4 marks)
  • Explain the setting of this poem.                                                              (2 marks)

(c)    Comment about the title.                                                                                          (3 marks)

 

  • Identify three stylistic devices in the poem and their effect.               (6 marks)
  • What is the tone of the poem?  (3 marks)
  1. f) How do people try to fill the emptiness in them according to the poem?  (2 marks)

3.      Grammar

 

  • Rewrite the following sentences according to instructions given. (5 Mks)
    • Martin is a man of integrity. He refused to take bribes. (Join using participle)

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———————————————————————————————-

  • My uncle talked to the doctor. The doctor was treating my aunt. (Join using  a relative pronoun)

 

  • Each of the actors have been dressed and are ready to perform for half an hour.                 (Rewrite correctly)
  • Let the dog be freed. (rewrite in active voice)

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  • When Kamau bought this house he did not know that the planes passed over it every twenty minutes. (Rewrite using beginning: If….)

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  • Fill in the dash with the correct form of word in brackets. (5 Marks)
  • I have eliminated—————————————–customs demanded by (numeral)
  • The oil spill did —————————————– .harm to the beach. (repair)
  • You will be held —————————————If anything happens to the   (count)
    • Kipchoge openly criticized the plan as ———————————–                     (practice)

 

  • After the first few days of ———————————— the stalks are examined daily to test the progress of the retting. (immerse)

 

(c)       Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets and turn the            underlined words into either comparatives or superlatives.         (5 marks)

 

(i)      The adjudicators agreed that our play was good.                (unanimously)

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  1. ii) The prospective Olympian failed to lift small weights. (unable)

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(iii)         Often, the unemployed youth everywhere turn to crime and this is especially true in the towns. (nowhere)

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(iv)          Someone can compute as fast as a computer. (no one)

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(v)       The two tennis players are as good as the rest of the contingent. (aren’t)

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101/3 ENGLISH

Paper 3  (Imaginative Composition and Essays based on Set Texts) 2021

2 ½ hours                                                                                      Paper 3

  1. Imaginative composition (20 marks)

Either

Write a story and ensure it uses the following words: suitcase, letter, doctor Or 

  • Write a story based on the following saying, “ What goes around comes around”

2.The Compulsory Set Text                                                          (20 marks)

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

True love drives individuals to conquer mountains. With illustrations from A Doll’s House, write an essay in support of the above statement.

3 The Optional Set Texts                                                                                   (20 marks)

A person’s inner will to live can see them through near death experiences. Support this             truth basing your evidence from the short story, “No Need to Lie” by Rolf Schmid in           the “Memories we lost and other stories” by Chris Wanjala.

  Or

 

  • Money cannot buy true joy. Write a composition to illustrate this statement using Inheritance by David Mulwa.

Or 

 

  • Sometimes in life, we miss out on things that we obsess a lot about. Justify the

truth of this statement using John Steinbeck’s, “The Pearl”

 

 

ENGLISH PAPER 1

TRIAL 4

2021

MARKING SCHEME

  1. Functional Writing                                                                      (20 marks)

 

Letter of Inquiry

Format of an official letteri.e sender’s address, date, recipients address, salutation, subject, valediction.

Body

Introduction- source of your information. Who are you? e.g a student who sat for the national exam and scored a grade A Explain in details which information you need:

Which degree programs are offered? When does the academic year begin?

Who qualifies for the scholarship?

Does the scholarship include accommodation and travel?

To: Recipients email address
From: Sender’s email address
Subject: Inquiry about Scholarship
Date:                                             Time:
 

The official letter enclosed in here.

The letter should be enclosed in a frame and at the top include

1.   rather     2. reduces            3. lays4. learners5. before 6. against
7.    strive    8. habit 9. of10.   These
3.Oral Skills            (30 marks)
  1. (10 marks)

(a)(i)            -Repetition – What more do you see in me?

-Metaphorical language  – What more than a dummy recorder

– Direct address – Use of ‘you’ e.g ‘to wash once you have fed’

(ii)    how to make the oral poem interesting in performance

  • use of gestures for instance line 1 of each stanza point on your chest

when  enquiring

’What more do you see in me?’

-Use a sarcastic and annoyingly when answering “ What more than a mop/ a fridge/ but a

…dummy recorder, to illustrate the persona feels demeaned.

  • Facial expressions that are contorted and folded on the fore head and lips

slanting

down as if in disgust. Especially when asking ‘What more….

  • line 3 To reproduce the dictates of your tyranny. Stress falls on

-reproduce, dictates, tyranny they bring out the contempt the persona feels towards the subject who is harsh.

  • Homophone: see….sea, you….ewe           to….two/too (b)  words with silent letters examples:

/n/ – column, condemn, hymn

/g/ – gnat, align, reign. Sign

/u/ – guess, build

/s/ – apropos, chassis

 

  • To call upon individual members to contribute to the discussion.
  • To keep the discussion focused on the topic.
  • To keep the discussion rolling in terms of continuity.
  • To control the tempers of the speakers such that the discussion does not  become a

(e)       syllables: Cabinet- 3 syllables  firewood – 2 syllables                                   establishment – 5 syllables

 

ENGLISH PAPER 2

TRIAL 4

2021

MARKING SCHEME

Comprehension (20 Marks)

  • What epidemic is the author talking about? (2 marks)

The writer is talking about laughter epidemic that was in Tanzania in 1962. It started in one school and spread to about fourteen others.

  • Why was the epidemic alarming? (2 marks)

It was alarming as it had lasted almost two and a half years. It was contagious. It had spread to almost fourteen school.

  • The author describes laughter as contagious, what does he mean? (2 marks) Contagious means it is highly infectious from human to human. Anyone who was in contact with somebody with the laughter epidemic also got it.
  • What is the relation between laughter and social circles? (2 marks) That laughter is a rich source of information about complex social relations. Through observing people laugh one can gather information that explains their behavior.
  • Why did the author engage the 72 volunteers? (3 Marks)

The 72 were student volunteers who the other picked to research on when and why the laughed. They recorded their laughter and they laughed more when they were with others.

  • In note form, identify what the author discovered about laughter.    ( 4 Marks)
    • The students laughed more when in the company of others than in solitary subjects.
    • Most conversational laughter is not a result of jokes or humour.
    • Mutual playfulness, in-group feeling and positive emotional tone mark the social settings of most naturally occurring laughter.
    • Most laughter occurs naturally as people interact with one another.
  • What do we deduce from the 1,200 conversations? (2 marks) Laughter occurs naturally not due to comedy or humour but as a way of sharing feelings in a conversation or in speech.
  • Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage.

(3 marks)

Fluctuating in intensity – to shift back and forth with power or more energy

Solitary subjects-alone with others in the study(72 volunteer students) involved in the study

Surreptitious- undercover/ secretive

  1. Blossoms of the Savannah by H.R. Ole Kulet
    • Taiyo had emotionally confessed to love Joseph and was ready to take the risk despite the Nasila culture considered them as siblings. Joseph had retaliated the same- loved Taiyo. Taiyo suggests that they should take it slow before exposing the affair to her father. She compares the affair to a war zone and is determined to win over the culture and in day join Emakererei in the venture.
    • Joseph feels hopeless and helpless as reality sets in. He knows deep down it is a futile journey as the culture was stronger that their love.

Joseph Parmuat was coaching/ teaching the girls (Taiyo and Resian about traditional music and dance. This was after Taiyo had requested her father to let him. He was also to teach them some home truths.

  • The simile is used to illustrate that though Joseph had confessed to love Taiyo, he now realizes that was just but a moment of weakness. Just like a fish jumps out of water and kills itself, his decision could have far much terrible repercussions that could be tragic. It is also a premonition of what could happen later on in the novel as JOseph is killed in Taiyo’s rescue mission.
  • Rhetoric questions- e.g ‘Did he have to abandon Nasila culture in exchange for a woman who sneered at its tenets?’ Joseph is reconsidering if Taiyo was worth sacrificing his cultural ways considering that Taiyo was derided by the same culture.

Metaphor-Taiyo and other girls who have abandoned the ways of Nasila (had not undergone the cut) are referred to as morsels- something enticing for a moment but in the end not worthy dying for. (Do not accept other styles

already in the questions)

  • It is a derogatory term used in reference to Maa women/girls who have not been circumcised but have chosen
  • r of an Ilmolelian elder who was of Iloorasha-keneji like Joseph’s father, which means she was consider a sister by culture. Nasila culture was too valuable to be abandoned in exchange of a woman’s love. Therefore, his decision was to adhere to Nasila culture and decline Taiyo’s love affair.
  • desolate-unhappy and lonely succulent- juicy, admirable and enticing
  1. Poetry                                                                                                                     (20 marks)
    • The poem is about desperation and loneliness throughout one’s life and futility of physical attachment only. It brings out the futility of mankind without spiritual attachment and lack of fulfilment. What awaits each and every one is death. “they put a mind ….and sometimes a soul.

Nobody ever finds the one.

  • The setting is in the modern times or days where the spiritual and emotional unity of soul is lacking and our innermost desire for love and bonding remain unfulfilled.
  • The title of the poem ‘Alone with everybody’ is an oxymoron. Though the poem inflicts a sense of loneliness. The title means either we are alone even though many people surround us or the fact that we are alone like everybody else.
  • Repetition – ‘nobody finds the one’’ nobody ever finds the one’. Used to emphasise on the anguish of the lack of someone with whom to bond spiritually.

Symbolism – clumps, junkyards, symbolize trash. The hospitals, madhouses are symbols of sickness which leads to death- graveyard.

Metaphor – madhouse; a place of anguish.

  • The tone is hopeless or detached

The persona says that the creation of human being is completed but often the fulfilment of the soul isn’t: he says they put a mind and sometimes a soul. The persona describes the worthlessness of physical pleasures.

  • To fulfil the void and loneliness people turn to drinking and body pleasures. ‘ the men drink too much….but keep looking crawling in and out of beds
  1. Grammar                                                                                           (15 marks)
    • (i) Refusing to Martin is a man of integrity.
      • My uncle talked take bribes, to the doctor who was treating mu aunt.
      • Each of the actors has been dressed and is ready to perform for half an hour.
      • You, free the dog.
      • If Kamau knew that the planes passed here every twenty minutes, he wouldn’t have bought the
    • (i) innumerable (ii) irreparable iii) accountable           (iv) impracticable

immersion

((c)               (i)           The adjudicators agreed unanimously that our play was the best.

  • The prospective Olympian was unable to lift the smallest weight.
  • Often the unemployed youth everywhere turn to crime and nowhere is this more true than in the towns.
  • No one can compute faster than a computer.

(vi)               The two tennis players aren’t better than the rest of the contingent

This is the  last printed page.

 

 

 

ENGLISH PAPER 3

TRIAL 4

2021

MARKING SCHEME

  1. (a.) This must be a flowing story and must make use of the three words: suitcase, doctor, letter. If not deduct 2AD.

1       (b.)    It must be a story, if not deduct 4 marks. The story must illustrate the saying. The proverb means that our choices have consequences. The candidate should not explain the meaning of the proverb. The meaning of this saying should come out in the imaginative narration they give.

  • PENALIZE FOR GROSS ERRORS (agreement, tense, spelling, contractions, misuse of CAPS, sentence constructions and ridiculous use of vocabulary)
  • Check the candidates’ communicative competency (correctness, accuracy, fluency, pleasantness, intelligibility and accuracy)

COMPOSTION GRADING

  • – Competent communication (16-20 marks)
  • – Fluency (11-15 marks)
  • – Constrained communication (6- 10 marks)

D- No communication at all (1-5 marks)

2.Compulsory set text : A Doll’s House

True love drives individuals to conquer mountains. With illustrations from A

Doll’s House, write an essay in support of the above statement.

When people love their families genuinely, they overcome all barriers to make them happy. This is true in the case of Nora, Mrs. Linde in A Doll’s House

T1 NORA

Nora truly loves her husband, Helmer, and cannot stand to lose him. She takes a 250 pounds loan from Krogstad to ensure her husband recovers. To get this loan, she is ready to commit a fraud, forging her father’s loan as a woman in this society is not privileged to take up a loan and handle serious financial matters. She affords to take her husband to the South for almost a year as he suffered from overworking. This accessing of a loan is a selfless act done out of love. T2 MRS.

 

 

LINDE

Mrs. Linde jilts her lover, Nils Krogstad and gets married to an older, richer man whose prospects were promising unlike Krogstad’s. Mrs. Linde is actually a selfless and self-sacrificing woman who sacrifices her true love to Krogstad so that she can take care of her bedridden sick mother and her younger two brothers. She has to bear staying in a loveless marriage so long as she affords taking care of her sick mother and her helpless two brothers. This sacrificing of love is a selfless act done out of true love to her own family.

True love drives individuals to conquer mountains.

T3 ANNE THE NURSE

Nora confesses to Anne that she wonders how Anne could have the heart to put her own child out among strangers. Anne tells Nora that she did out of love to provide for her daughter and work was a chance a poor girl should be clad to have. The father of her child did not do a single thing for Anne, so she had to take care of Nora as a child, and later, Nora’s children. Anne sacrifices the chance to bring up her own daughter so as to provide for her for she was poor.p.50

T4

. When Mrs. Linde offers herself to Nils so that they can be married, Nils is excited and sacrifices blackmailing The Helmers. He sends a letter to the Helmers saying he he regrets and repents blackmailing them and returns the loan bond. He says that a happy change in his life has made him to do this (p. 106). Krogstad’s true love to Mrs. Linde changes him from a fraud to a loving and caring man.

CONCLUSION

People can go to many lengths for their loved ones.

  1. ( a) . A person’s inner will to live can see them through near death experiences.

Support this truth basing your evidence from the short story, “No Need to

Lie” by Rolf Schmid in the “Memories we lost and other stories” by Chris                         Wanjala.

INTRODUCTION

Rolf survived the cancer battle mainly because his will to live was greater than his will

to die. This is evident from his memoir, “No need to lie”.

W1 FAMILY WILL

When Rolf   is diagnosed with cancer, his will to live surpasses his will to die. He is determined and thought, if it is cancer, he could battle and win but if it were AIDS, it would not have been so. He was also determined to live for his children, his wife, and had a business and a future “No I am not going to die.”

W2 HIS RESILIENT PERSONALITY

Rolf had an ardent personality kept him from giving up. “When I was at my lowest, I summoned the faces of my children one by one as a visual reminder of the reasons I had for living.” He prayed and took a deep breath when he went for radiation treatment. He kept telling himself. “You can’t die, not now.”

W3 FEEDING METHOD

Rolf realizes that for him to beat cancer, on top of his self will to live, he needed to devise a method of eating .He would go to the bedroom with half inch rubber pipe, insert it in his throat and pour the fluid food and water through it right into his food pipe. Though it was painful and torturous, he knew it was the only way to beat cancer.                   W4 CHEMOTHERAPY

Rolf undertakes his chemotherapy sessions courageously. Even when he knew how sick it made patients feel, hair loss even going bald, he come to terms with it as he resolved to outlive this cancer. His attitude to chemo sessions even with its ugly side effects made Rolf survive cancer. His friend Alberto tells him his survival and reaction depended on mind over matter. He decides to prove that cancer is a process that requires a strong will power, food and optimism.

Conclusion

Rolf live to tell the story because of his will power, mental and physical strength against cancer

3.

obsess about Kino’s pearl. “They got out papers so that they put their pearls in the desks for it is not good to let an inferior pearl be seen beside a beauty” p. 69. When they negotiate, ‘the dealers hand had become a personality.”  P. 71 when Kino grabs the pearl from them, the dealers “knew they had played too hard they knew they would be disciplined for their failure

L2 THE SCORPION BITE

When Coyotito is stung by the scorpion, Kino and Juana rush him to the doctor. Although Kina is aware that the doctor was not of his people, and could kill the doctor more easily that talk to him. (p. 26). Later when the doctor learns Kino had found the pearl of the world, he has great expectations of benefiting from the pearl. He hopes to get a chance to go back to Paris and live his once prestigious life. He is willing to compromise a baby’s health so as to benefit in Kino’s pearl. He never got to be paid his dues as Kino did not sell the pearl in the city.

L3 THE PRIEST

When father heard that Kino had found great fortune, a great pearl, he goes to Kino’s home and tells him that he hoped “they will remember to give thanks, my son, to him who has given them this treasure….”( p.48). Expectations were that if the pearl was not bought, it could have been given to the church. (p. 42, 47, 63, 68)

L4 THE ATTACKERS

Attempts are made by thieves to make away wife Kina’s pearl. The night before he goes to sell his pearl, a thief comes to steal it but both Kino and the thief are hurt.

(p.59) .The thieves also pursue Kino his family as they go to sell the pearl.

Before he leaves the house, he is attacked and searched. When Juana’s went he throw the pearl away, Kino attackers her. He is as well attacked by an assailant when he kills.  (p. 86)

He is further pursued to the mountains where he kills his assailants and his son Coyotito is killed.  (p. 115)

L5 BEGGARS

When grapevine reaches beggars about the pearl of the world, they have great expectations for “they knew that there are no alms given in the world like a poor man who is suddenly lucky” (p. 42), Every man suddenly became related to kina’s pearl and kina’s pearl went into the dreams, the speculations, the schemes, the plans, the future, the wishes, the heeds, the lusts, the hungers….”  (p.43)

L6 KINO

Kino and his family have great expectations from the pearl. In the pearl he saw Juana and Coyotito and himself standing and kneeling at the high alter…. being married, how they were dressed.  Juana in a shawl stiff with newness…” Then to come with little things Kino wanted (p.44). He knew the pearl would see Coyotito join school.

CONCLUSION

Though it is good to have high hopes and expect to achieve our desires, it is also importance to know that sometimes we can fail and get frustrated.

THIS IS THE LAST PRINTED PAGE.

 

 

 

MAMUSUALWAJO JOINT EXAMINATIONS 2020

ENGLISH

PAPER 1

2 HOURS

 

 

                       Please ensure that your paper has 7 printed pages

1 FUNCTIONAL WRITING                                                  20 MARKS

Although the government has announced that the rest of the students will report back to school next month, a lot has to be done in preparation. Your school Principal appoints a committee of six to look into the current state of the school facilities and draw recommendations on what needs to be done. The committee has been given three days to complete this exercise. As the secretary to this committee, write the report.

2.CLOZE TEST                                                                                                    10 MARKS

Read the passage below and fill in each blank space with the most appropriate word.

A figure of speech is the use of a word (1)…………………………. diverges from its normal meaning, (2)…………………………. a phrase with a specialized meaning not based (3)………………………….  the literal meaning of the words in it. This (4)………………………  metaphors, similes, or personification. Figures of speech are abundant in every form of writing; they (5)………………………….  provide emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity. (6)…………………………., clarity may also suffer from their use, as any figure of speech introduces (7)………………………….  ambiguity between literal and figurative interpretation. It’s helpful, though, to avoid certain clichéd figures of speech as they are worn out (8)………………………….  overuse, and can make your writing seem (9)………………………….  or uncreative. It’s best to use them sparingly in formal writing, like essays. Use a figure of speech if it (10)………………………….  something unique to the piece you’re writing.

(Adapted from Writerstreasure.com)

 3 ORAL SKILLS                                                                                                 30 MARKS

  1. Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow.

The Moon was but a Chin of Gold     Emily

The Moon was but a Chin of Gold
A Night or two ago—
And now she turns Her perfect Face
Upon the World below—

Her Forehead is of Amplest Blonde— 5
Her Cheek—a Beryl hewn—
Her Eye unto the Summer Dew
The likest I have known—

Her Lips of Amber never part—
But what must be the smile 10
Upon Her Friend she could confer
Were such Her Silver Will—

And what a privilege to be
But the remotest Star—
For Certainty She take Her Way       15
Beside Your Palace Door—

Her Bonnet is the Firmament—
The Universe—Her Shoe—
The Stars—the Trinkets at Her Belt—
Her Dimities—of Blue—

  • Identify and explain two devices that the poet uses to develop a regular rhythm in this poem.                                                                                                                  (4 marks)

 

  1. Say how the use of dashes affects the recitation of this poem.                 (2 marks)

 

  • Underline the words you would stress in the following line and explain the reason. (2 marks)

 

And now she turns her perfect Face.

 

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Underline the odd one out depending on the pronunciation of the sounds represented by the letters in bold.                                                  (4 marks)

 

  1. birth hurt                                     hearth                                 her
  2. blood             does                                        but                                       bat
  • food good                                    fool                                      poor
  1. party             balm                                       heart                                   curb
  2. For each of the following words, provide another one pronounced exactly the same way.(4 marks)
    1. stalk ………………………………………………………………
    2. might ………………………………………………………………
  • liquor ………………………………………………………………
  1. prophet ………………………………………………………………
  1. Underline the stressed syllable in each of the following words.   (3 marks)
  2. ba.ton
  3. dis.tri.bute
  • ter.ri.fic
  1. Rewrite each of the following sentences in the more polite language                (3 marks)
  2. Do you want more food?

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. I do not agree with you on that point.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

  • We are full. Go to another hotel.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. You are part of your school team that is presenting a narrative at the national competitions. Explain how you would ensure an effective and meaningful performance. (4marks)
  2. Read the following conversation and identify aspects of empathetic listening. (4 marks)
Kantai:

Chebet:

Kantai:

Chebet:

Kantai:

Chebet:

Kantai:

Chebet:

Kantai:

Chebet:

Kantai:

Chebet:

 

(in a mournful voice) My friend

(stopping what she’s doing to face him) Yes Kantai. Talk to me

Every time I try, I score a very low mark in English.

My brother you can do it.

Really?

Yes. Tell me. What did you score last term?

Thirty-seven marks.

And what have you scored this term?

Forty-two.

That’s good. You have improved by five marks.

But its only five marks.

(nodding)That’s true. You will get to fifty marks next time.

 

MAMUSUALWAJO JOINT EXAMINATIONS 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) 2020

 

101/2

ENGLISH

PAPER 2

 

 

PLEASE ENSURE THAT YOUR PAPER HAS 9 PRINTED PAGES

 

1.Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.                                        20 MARKS

  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

Some fifteen thousand years ago, an artist drew on the walls of a cave in Spain a picture of his Stone-Age neighbour robbing a bees’ nest of its golden store. In the centuries that have since gone by, no one has ever discovered or invented a purer and sweeter food than honey.

Because of its chief ingredient, Levulose, or “fruit sugar”, honey is almost twice as sweet as cane sugar. Table sugar, like salt, has but one taste. Every honey has its own. It would take an epicure’s lifetime to discover, sample and enjoy all the possible vintages that bees distil from the thousands of species of nectar-bearing plants.

Honey is the purest of all foods. When properly ripened, its concentration of sugar is so high that bacteria cannot live in it for more than an hour or two. It is said that in one of the royal Egyptian tombs was found honey that was thirty-three hundred years old-darkened and thickened by time, but pure honey still. No knavery can corrupt honey without detection. If diluted with water, it ferments. Nor can the wax of the honeycomb, product of the bees’ own glands, be successfully imitated.

This ancient and mysterious food is one of the wonders of the world, the wonders of an intricate relation between bees; the high peak of insect evolution, and flowers, the loveliest part of the green world. Nature has adopted forms of flowers to entice bees, and the bodies of bees to fit and pollinate the flowers and to use their pollen and nectar. Some ten thousand species of flowers would be extinct but for the bees, and the bees could not live without the flowers.

The honey bee is the most faithful and provident of the flowers’ lovers. While a butterfly or a bird would move from flower to flower, a honey bee is loyal to one sort of flower at a time. So she brings to each bloom none but its specific pollen, and she makes but one kind of honey at a time.

At the height of the nectar flow in late spring and early summer, bees literally kill themselves with work. It is the destiny of very good worker to die flying, struggling to bring back one last load to the hive. It takes about three hundred pounds of honey just to keep one colony alive, thus to gather a surplus, so that you and I may have some, the hive’s workers must fly many million miles more.

Each drop of nectar is an ocean holding minerals, enzymes and foods. It contains traces of iron, copper, manganese, potassium, sodium, phosphorous, proteins and vitamins. This explains why many diabetics can tolerate honey but not table sugar, and why it helps babies to retain calcium and so grow stronger limbs and better teeth.

Only certain plants with truly exquisite nectars produce a honey you would want to eat. Many others yield nectar from which are made dark– coloured, strong flavoured honeys that bakers and confectioners use in immense quantities. Tobacco companies buy millions of pounds of low-grade honey a year for preserving, flavouring, moistening and mellowing tobacco.

 

Such honeys also go into lotions and cough medicines. For thousands of years connoisseurs have been buying their honey with discrimination. The ancient Athenians got their delicate honey from Mt. Hymethis. It was famous because it came from a little wild flower called thyme. Perfect as it is as food, honey is more; it is a slow-formed, perfect drop upon a growing tip of evolution. To take that drop upon the tongue is to partake of a sacrament with nature.

( Adapted from New Horizons in English. A course for Secondary schools, Book 4 by Alice Kiai et al, E.A.E Publishers)

  1. What amazing fact about honey do we learn from the first paragraph?               (2 marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Why is the bees’ nest described as “golden store”           (2 marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……

  1. Using information in the third paragraph, summarize the unique qualities of honey in not more than fifty words                                  (4 marks)

Rough draft

Fair copy

  1. In what ways are bees and flowers interdependent?       (3 marks)
  2. This ancient and mysterious food is one of the wonders of the world (Re-write adding a question tag). (1 mark)

 

  1. What is the writer’s attitude towards the bee? (3 marks)

Give reasons from the passage to support your answer

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. Identify and explain the metaphor in the seventh paragraph.           (3 marks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the passage.

 

  1. Chief ………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark)

 

  1. Knavery ……………………………………………………………………… (1 mark)
  2. BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH

 

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follow.                    25 MARKS

 

Although Resian had a lot to complain and grumble about in life in their new environment, Taiyo found it tolerable. For instance,

she gladly discovered that mornings in their new home began with a lively chatter of birds in the trees surrounding their house. That gave the home an atmosphere of tranquility and peace.

However, one of the unpleasant aspects that the girls had to live with was the constant violation of their privacy. In Nasila, they soon discovered, the home belonged to all the clan members. It was not an unusual thing to get up in the morning to find the

living room full of men and women who came early, not for any tangible business, but simply to share a sumptuous breakfast with their kith and kin. Taiyo and Resian were soon to get used to hearing an urgent knock at the door very early in the morning.

On opening, they would invariably be met by a grinning group of men or women who would unashamedly ask them what they were doing in bed that late in the morning. They would proceed to take seats in the living room and order them to serve them breakfast. When they got used to what at first, they considered negative aspects of the Nasila culture, Taiyo and Resian adjusted accordingly and soon they began to live harmoniously with the people. Their father was out of the homestead most of the time working at the shop and organizing other business matters. His absence meant the absence of his irksome and corrosive remarks that always heightened tension in the house. In his absence, the house was a continuous joy with comfort and conveniences, and the girls found it pleasurable to keep it clean and well-arranged.

Questions

  1. What happens immediately before this extract? (2 marks)
  2. Where had the family been living before and why did they move? (2 marks)
  3. Give the character traits Taiyo from the excerpt (4 marks)
  4. Discuss two themes implied in the extract. (4 marks)
  5. Using the rest of the book, cite and explain one cultural aspect that had a life changing effect on the lives of the two girls (2 marks)
  6. Explain a stylistic device that has been effectively used in the extract. (2marks)
  7. What is the attitude of the girls towards the group of men and women who kept visiting every morning.                           (3marks)
  8. Taiyo and Resian adjusted accordingly? Add a question tag. (1mark)
  • What happens immediately after the following excerpt (2marks)
  1. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the passage (3marks)
  • Grumble……………………………………………………………………………
  1. ii) Tranquility………………………………………………………………………….

iii)          Irksome……………………………………………………………………………..

 

  1. POETRY 20 MARKS

Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow

 

He is a jolly good boss

Sits behind a shiny mahogany desk,

Dreamy and contended like an over – fed python

That has just swallowed a bearded goat.

 

He is a good – natured fellow

Always patting the rumps of secretaries in tight skirts

Which say: marry me if you dare

Laughs absent – mindedly and sinks back into dear oblivion

 

He is an industrious head

Gets dog – tired early in the morning from signing a few papers

Whose contents he is mildly aware of

And leaves for lunch and for the day at 11.30 a.m.

 

He is a humorous chap

Jokes about how he is underpaid and overworked to his juniors.

Who laugh subserviently to conceal their indignation

And grudging envy.

 

He is a mighty generous comrade

Brags about his Christ – heart.

Being a proud donor of a few bastards

To guileless girls under him,

And believs his is a God – sanctioned mission

That dates back to Abraham.

 

He is a jolly good boss,

A perfect paragon of leadership

 

Kitche O. Magak.

  1. What is the message of this poem?         (4 marks)
  2. Give evidence from the poem which indicates that the juniors are suffering quietly. (2 marks)
    1. Explain the image in the line:

“Dreamy and contented like an overfed python.”                                                       (2 marks)

  1. Identify and comment on two aspects of irony in the poem. (4 marks)

e)Describe the persona’s attitude towards the boss                                                          (3marks)

  1. f) What is the tone of the poem (2marks)

g)Explain the meaning of the following as used in the poem:                                   (3 marks)

  1. oblivion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  2. guileless …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  • God-sanctioned mission ………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. 1. In each of the following sentences, choose one of the words given in brackets to fill in the blanks                                                                                                        (4 marks)

(i)  The master of ceremony will take care of the ____________________ (seating, sitting) arrangement

(ii) It is my ___________________ (belief, believe) that this drug will cure him of the disease.

(iii)              The minister promised to give us _____________ (ample, humble) time to prepare for our exams.

(iv)               Shouldn’t we be ____________________ (grateful, greatful) for what the government has done for us?

  1. Fill in the appropriate prepositions to complete the following sentences. (4 marks)

(i)  I cannot attend the party since I have my hands full. What _____________ nursing the baby, watering the vegetables and milking the cows?

(ii) I am not accustomed _______________ such treatment.

(iii)              Everyone was told to abide ……………………. the rules of the game.

(iv)               We have to dispose …………………….. this garbage safely.

 

 

 

  1. Complete each of the following sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets (4 Marks)

(i)  We concluded that what she was doing was just out of _________________ (vain)

(ii) Mwangi was glad for having been invited to the interview but the staff at the ______________ (receive) was not very helpful.

(iii)              Having ________________ (lie) in the sun wounded for a long time, the patient needed to be taken to a well- equipped hospital.

(iv)               Telling him to wait outside in the rain was very ___________________ (courtesy) of you.

  1. Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given without changing the meaning (3 marks).
  2. He has taken to drink, forgotten his friends and deserted his family altogether. (Rewrite using … not only…)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. He told his teacher he had made a mistake. ( Begin: He admitted … )

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  • The president asked them whether they would vote for such a man. (rewrite into direct speech)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

 

 

MAMUSUALWAJO JOINT EXAMINATION 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

English

Paper 3

This paper consists of 2 printed pages. Ensure no page is missing.

  1. Imaginative composition (compulsory) (20 marks)

                                    EITHER

Write a story to end with the following sentence

…………………………………….. as the judge bowed to leave, I knew justice had been served.

OR

The country should allow students to participate in the testing of a new vaccine against Covid -19. Write an essay agreeing or disagreeing with the above statement

  1. The compulsory set text. ADoll’s HousebyHenrikIbsen (20 marks)

Lies and deceit fuels tension and animosity in society. Supportthisstatementwith illustrationsfromtheplay,ADoll’s HousebyHenrikIbsen.(20 marks)

 

  1. The Optional Set texts

   Answer any one of the following three questions.

  1. a) The Short Story : Memories we lost.

Hitting Budapest represents the challenges facing children in third world Africa. Show the truth of the above assertion with evidence from the short story Hitting Budapest by No Violet Bulawayo

(20 marks)

OR

  1. b) Drama

   David Mulwa: Inheritance.

 

Bad leadership in a country leads to so much suffering of its citizens. Show the truth of this assertion with evidence from Inheritance by David Mulwa                                                                      (20 marks)

OR

  1. c) The Novel

Kino’s greatest dream upon selling the pearl  is that Coyotito gets education. With evidence from John Steinbeck’s The Pearl, explain why Kino holds the dream of education so dearly.   (20 marks)

 

 

MAMUSUALWAJO JOINT EXAMINATION 2020

PAPER ONE MARKING SCHEME

 

FUNCTIONAL WRITING                                                                                  20 marks

  • Your answer must be a report

Format 3 marks

– Title, introduction, body, conclusion – ½ mark each X 4 = 2 marks

Ending name, signature and designation marks – 1 mark

Content – 13 marks

  • Introduction – indicate the problem, the task, committee members and the terms – 2marks
  • The current status – details about their observations of the compound at the time – available classrooms/dorms/labs/sanitation facilities and the approximate numbers that can be served in these facilities. etc. – 6 marks
  • Conclusion – 2marks
  • Recommendations –measures to remedy facility shortcomings – 3marks

Language – 4 marks A = 4; C = 2 – 3 marks; D = 1 mark

 

CLOZE TEST                                                                                                             10 marks

  1. That
  2. or
  3. on
  4. includes
  5. often/usually
  6. However (must begin with capital letter)
  7. an
  8. through
  9. dull/boring/uninteresting
  10. adds/provides/brings

Question 3:                                                            Listening and speaking skills                                     (30 marks)

  1. Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow.
  • identify and explain two devices that the poet uses to develop a regular rhythm in this poem. (4 marks)

The poet has used a predictable number of syllables per line (1 mark). All odd lines have 8 syllables while the even ones have 6 syllables (1 mark).

 

TheMoonwasbutaChinofGold             8
ANightortwoago—                                           6
AndnowsheturnsHerperfectFace     8
UpontheWorldbelow—                   6

 

The poet has also followed a predictable stress pattern of Weak syllable followed by a Strong syllable.

 

TheMOONwasBUTaCHINofGOLD
ANIGHTorTWOaGO
AndNOWsheTURNSHerPERfectFACE
UpONtheWORLDbeLOW

Also accept the use of the various sound patterns to create rhythm and repetition

Repetition-Her

Consonance-But What Must

Assonance – ….Her Silver Will

  1. Say how the use of dashes affects the recitation of this poem.   (2 marks)

The dashes show hesitation in the recitation. (1 mark) These pauses invite the audience to meditate on the beauty of the moon. (1 mark)

  • Underline the words you would stress in the following line and explain the reason. (2 marks)
  • And nowsheturns her perfectFace. (Any two words: 1 mark. No mark if any wrong word is identified)
  • These are the content words/They are the words carrying the main meaning in the poem (1 marks)
  • Underline the odd one out depending on the pronunciation of the sounds represented by the letters in bold. (4 marks)
  1. birth hurt                                     hearth                                 her
  2. blood             does                                        but                                       bat
  • food good                                    fool                                      poor
  • party            balm                                        heart                                   curb

 

  • For each of the following words, provide another one pronounced exactly the same way.(4 marks)
    1. stalk stork
    2. might mite
  • liquor licker
  1. prophet profit
  1. Underline the stressed syllable in each of the following words. (3 marks)
  2. ba.ton
  3. dis.tri.bute
  • ter.ri.fic
  • Rewrite each of the following sentences in the more polite language (3 marks)
  1. Do you want more food?

Would you like some more food?/Do you mind some more food?/May I serve you a little more food?

  1. I do not agree with you on that point.

I beg to differ with you on that point./ I am sorry but I do not agree with you on that point./Let’s look at it this way…

  1. We are full. Go to another hotel.

I am sorry we are fully booked/I am sorry there are no vacancies left (1/2 ). Would like to try another hotel? (1/2)

 

f)

  1. Be audible and start the story with an opening formula to attaract attention
  2. Involve the audience by asking questions or asking them to join you in a song
  3. Dramatise and gesticulate
  4. Enhance tonal variation to indicate happiness or sadness
  5. Use facial expressions to indicate different moods.

Any 4 well explained point 4 x 1 (4mks)

g)

  1. Chebet faces him to give him her full attention
  2. She stops what she’s doing to avoid any distraction
  3. She listens without judging
  4. She encourages him to keep trying
  5. She validates Kantai’s feelings by agreeing with him

Any 4 x 1= 4 marks

 

 

 

 

MAMUSUALWAJO JOINT EXAMINATION 2020

ENGLISH PAPER 2 MARKING SCHEME

 

MARKING SCHEME

1,COMPREHENSION

  • What amazing fact about honey do we learn from the first paragraph? (2 marks)

Honey is the sweetest and purest food that has been in existence from over fifteen thousand years ago.

  1. Why is the bees’ nest described as “golden store” (2 marks)

The bees’ nest is described as golden store to compare honey to gold in order to bring out its immense worth/value just like that of gold.

  • Using information in the third paragraph, summarize the unique qualities of honey in not more than fifty words (4 marks)
  • Honey is the purest of all foods (a)
  • It has a high concentration of sugar/bacteria cannot survive in it longer than two hours (b)
  • No knavery can corrupt honey/it cannot be imitated (c)
  • Can retain its purity over a long period of time (d)

NB:

Must be continuous prose. If not penalise 50% of the marks allocated.

Must not be more than 50 words.

Must indicate the number of words used.

  1. In what ways are bees and flowers interdependent? (3 marks)

Bees transport pollen grains to flowers, allowing them to reproduce. Bees retrieve nectar from flowers, which they use to make honey.

  1. e) This ancient and mysterious food is one of the wonders of the world (Re-write adding a question tag). (1 mark)

This ancient and mysterious food is one of the wonders of the world, isn’t it?

 

  1. What is the writer’s attitude towards the bee? (3 marks)

Give reasons from the passage to support your answer

The writer has an attitude of admiration/respect/awe/wonder/amazement towards the bee. He extols the virtues of a bee such as its faithfulness and industry. He uses expressions such as:

  • The bee is the most faithful of flower lovers
  • Bees literary kill themselves with work
  • Workers must fly many million miles more

 

  1. Identify and explain the metaphor in the seventh paragraph. (3 marks)

“Each drop of nectar is an ocean holding minerals, enzymes and foods”.

  • The author compares a drop of nectar to an ocean.
  • An ocean contains many animals and plants.
  • By comparing a drop of nectar with an ocean, the author shows how rich each drop of nectar is.

 

  1. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the passage.
  • chief: main/principal/key/most important/major/most significant
  1. knavery: dishonesty/trickery/deception/deceit/devious

 

  1. BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH

a). Resian’s dependence on Taiyo strenghthens after their attack by the vagabond, she becomes aware of her sisters never ending happiness

  1. b) They had been living in Nakuru. However, they had had to move to Nasila after their father was retrenched
  2. c) Taiyo
  • Laidback did not complain all the time like Resian.
  • Appreciative liked the new environment, especially the pleasant morning with the chattering birds.
  1. d) Culture
  • People were firmly rooted in their culture. There were some aspects that were not very pleasant, but they stuck to
  • Also, they believed in sharing and visiting each other.

Hospitality

The people believed in sharing what one had. That is why they found nothing wrong with visiting Taiyo and her family

  1. e) The cultural activity is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The two girls were looked down upon because they were

uncircumcised. There were even vagabonds who tried to rape them because they imagined that society would not

mind. Taiyo was later circumcised and ended up sick and had to be rescued by Minik

f)Vivid Description — the extract has a description of the early morning chatter. It also has a description of early morning calls by all sorts of people.

  1. g) Contemptuos – the girls wondered why they had to visit every day , make demands and even question them
  2. h) Taiyo and Resian adjusted accordingly, didn’t they?
  3. i) The girls went ahead to mix with the women folk of the village. Many of the women folk had come to scout for spouses for their sons and husbands
  4. j) i)Grumble-complain

ii)Tranquility-Serenity/calmness

iii)Irksome-bothersome/annoying/wearisome

  1. Poetry
    1. What is the message of this poem? (4 marks)
  • Poor leadership in places of work/immorality in places of work/abuse of office/corrupt leadership
  • The boss earns money for work not done
  • He flirts with his secretaries in a disrespectful manner
  • He has fathered several children with helpless innocent girls and boasts of it.
  • He exploits his workers by underpaying them while he pretends to be overworked and underpaid himself.
    1. Give evidence from the poem which indicates that the juniors are suffering quietly. (2 marks)
  • The juniors are said to laugh subserviently to conceal their indignation and grudging envy.
    1. Explain the image in the line:

“Dreamy and contented like an overfed python.”                                  (2 marks)

  • It is a simile. It brings out the evil nature of the boss/brings out his greedy nature/ like a python he is also dangerous/inefficient and lazy.
    1. Identify and comment on two aspects of irony in the poem. (4 marks)
  • He is said to be a good person yet he flirts with his secretaries
  • He paints a picture of being industrious yet he hardly aware of his work: leaves the office at 11:30 am.
  • He claims to be overworked and underpaid yet it is his workers who are overworked . he hardly works.
  • He is said to be generous but not in virtues but vices
  • His god-sent mission to fill the world is ironically an evil mission.
  • He is said to be a paragon of leadership yet his leadership is riddled with corruption and other vices.
  1. Contemptuous /hateful/resentful/critical/spiteful/-2mks the boss is immoral and irresponsible 1mk

2mks identification 1 mark illustration

f)Sarcastic tone-he is described as a jolly good boss despite his misgivings

g)Explain the meaning of the following as used in the poem:                                   (3 marks)

  1. oblivion: being in a state of fantasy/day dreaming/blankly staring into nothingness
  2. guileless: innocent/gullible/naïve/unsuspecting
  3. God-sanctioned mission: divine duty
  4. GRAMMAR

Section D – Grammar

    • Seating
    • belief
    • ample
    • grateful
  • With
  • To
  • By
  • Of
  • Vanity
  • Reception
  • Lain
  • Discourteous
  1. He has not only taken to drink but also forgotten his friends and deserted his family altogether. / Not only has he taken to drink but also forgotten his friends and deserted his family altogether
  2. He admitted to his teacher he had made a mistake.
  • The president asked, “will you vote for such a man?”

THIS IS THE LAST PRINTED PAGE

 

MAMUSUALWAJO SCHOOLS JOINT EXAMINATION 2020

ENGLISH PAPER 3 MARKING SCHEME

 

ENGLISH PAPER 3 MARKING SCHEME

Paper 101/3 is intended to test the candidates’ ability to communicate in writing. Communication established at different levels of intelligibility, correctness, accuracy,fluency, pleasantness and originality. Within the constraints set by each question, it is thelinguistic competence shown by the candidate that should carry most of the marks.

 

Examiners should not hesitate to use the full range of marks for each essay.

 

It is important to determine first how each essay communicates and in which category A, B, C or D it fits.

 

(The marks indicated below are for question one).

 

D CLASS        The candidate either does not communicate at all or his language ability is

So minimal that the examiner practically has to guess what the candidate

Wants to say. The candidate fails to fit the English word she knows into

Meaningful sentences. The subject is glanc at or distorted. Practically no

Valid.Punctuation. All kinds of error ‘’Broken English’

 

O-O1-02    Chaotic, little meaning whatsoever. Question paper or some words from it

Simply copied.

 

D 03               Flow of thought almost impossible to flow. The errors are continuous.

 

Di – 04 – 05   Although the English is often broken  and the essay is full of errors of all

 

 Types we can least guess what the candidate wants to say.

 

 

C CLASS      The candidate communicates understandably but only more or less clearly.

He is not confident with his language. The subject is often undeveloped.

There may be some digressions. Unnecessary repetitions are frequent. The   Arrangement is weak and the flow jerky. There is no economy of language: mother tongue influenceis felt.

 

C- 06 -07      The candidate obviously finds it difficult to communicate his/her ideas.

he/she is seriously hampered by his/her very limited knowledge ofstructureand vocabulary. This results in many grows, errors of agreement,spelling, misuse of prepositions, tenses, verb agreement and construction.

 

C 08         The candidate communicates but not with consistent clarity. His/her linguistic

abilities being very limited, he/she cannot avoid frequent errors in sentence

structure. There is little variety or originality. Very booking English, link are

weak incorrect, repeated at times.

 

C+ 09 – 10 The candidate communicates clearly but in a flat and uncertain manner.

Simple concepts sentenceform are often strained. There may be an overuse

of clichés, unsuitable idioms. Proverbs a misquoted or misinterpreted. The

flow is still jerky. There are some errors of agreement, tenses and spellings.

 

B CLASS              This class is characterized by greater fluency and ease if expression. The

candidate demonstrates that he/she can use English as a normal way ofexpressing himself/herself. Sentences are varied and usually well-constructed.

Some candidates become ambitious and even over-ambitious. There may be  items of merit of the one word or one expression type. Many essays in this category may be just clean and unassuming but they still show that the  candidate is at ease with the language. There may be a tendency to undermark such essays. Give credit for tone. The candidate appeals to our emotions

 

8-11-12 B13 The candidate communicates fairly and with some fluency. There may be

littlevariety. Sentence structure, grows errors are still found occasionally

but this must not be over punished.

 

B 13                      The sentences are varied but rather simple and straight forward. The candidate

does not strain himself in an effort to impress. There is a fair range of  vocabulary and idiom. Natural and effortless and some items of merit,economy language.

 

B+14-15                Thecandidate communicates fairly his ideas pleasantly and without strain.

There are errors and slips. Tenses, spellings and punctuation are quite good.

A number of items of merit  ‘’whole sentence’’ or the ‘’whole expression’’       type.

 

A CLASSThe candidate communicates not only fluently, but attractively, withoriginality and efficiency. He/she has the ability to make us share hisdeep feelings, emotion enthusiasms. He/ she expresses himself freely

and without any visible constraint. The script gives evidence of maturitygood planning and often humor. Many items of merit which indicate that the candidate has complete command of the language. There is no strength, just pleasantness, clever arrangement felicity of expression.

A-16-17            The candidate shows competence and fluency in using the language.

He may lack imagination or originality which usually provide the ‘’spark’’ in  such essays. Vocabulary idiom, sentence structure, links, variety are impressive.

Grows errors are very rare.

 

A 18                   Positive ability. A few errors that are felt to be slips. The story or argument has

adefinite impact. No grammar problem. Variety of structures.A definite spark.

 

A+ 19 – 20       The candidate communicates not only information and meaning, but also and especially the candidate’s whole self: his /her feelings, tastes, points of view, youth, culture. This ability to communicate his deep self may express itself in many ways; wide range effective vocabulary, original, approach, vivid and

sustained account in the case of narrative, well developed and ordered argumentin the case of a debate or discussion Errors and slips should not deprive the  candidate of the full marks, he deserves. A very definite spark.

 

GROSSERRORS

  1. Almost any error or agreement
  2. Serious tense error
  3. Erros of elementary vocabulary
  4. Punctuation errors or missing punctuation which causes serious lack of communication
  5. Elementary error of sentence construction
  6. Ridiculous use of idiom that affects communication
  7. Misuse of common prepositions
  8. Misuse of capital letters – Use CAPS underline the first page and use CAPS on                                                           subsequent pages where the mistake persists.
  • Contracted form except in dialogue.

MARKING NORMAL SCRIPTS

  1. Decide on the degree of communication achieved A – D
  2. After underlining decide on the nark category
  3. Allocate a numeric mark to the essay

 

PROBLEM SCRIPTS

All problem scripts must be marked by the examiner and then sent to the Team Leader with comments.

  1. IRRELEVANCY
  2. Consistent distortion of question, evasion of question, writing on a totally different subject with a clumps attempt at connecting the essay to the subject given, inclusion of memorized passage e.t.c
  3. The question is given an unacceptable or questionable interruption.
  4. Essays contain long semi-relevant digressions or lack coherence

ACTION

The examiner marks the essay, gives a linguistic mark and comments on the nature of the irrelevancy.  The essay is then passed over to the team leader who judges whether the irrelevance should be judged as a deliberate attempt to deceive or should be attributed to the candidate’s pc understanding of the subject Deduct up to 4 marks for irrelevancy in the essay.  If dishonesty is suspected, the Chief Examiner should be informed.  Any deduction of 3 marks or more should I referred to the Chief examiner.

  1. CONTRAVENTION OF RUBRIC

Since the rubrics may change from year to year, the POINTS OF INTERPRETATION that are part of this MARKING SCHEME must be consulted and adhered to faithfully. Here are some general rules that usually apply.

  1. SCRIPTS THAT DO NOT COMMUNICATE
  2. Decide on the category D+ or D-
  3. Mark the errors of the essay
  4. Team leaders should – look at a good number of those scripts and ensure that the mark given is fair.
  5. BREVITY

It should be remembered that the main quality of an essay is how effectively it communicates.  If an essay looks too short, the examiner should take the time to count the exact number of words.

 

KENYAN ENGLISH

A good number and expression are understood and currently used by all Kenyans.  They can be used in essays without any need for quotation marks or explanations.  We can include among those:

  • Pangas, rungus, shamba, murram, matatu
  • Wananchi, ugali, madrasa, harambee, matoke
  • Maendeleoyawanawake, salaam, ayah, askari

 

 

  1. Imaginative composition (20 MARKS)
  2. The candidates should be awarded marks for:
    • Ability to write an interesting composition with a good plot and credible characters.
    • Being relevant to the question.
    • Ability to use language creatively, including effective use of figurative language and adhering to the rules of grammar.
    • Ability to use a rich vocabulary.
    • Ability to use a variety of sentence structures, including simple, compound and complex sentences.
    • Ability to punctuate their work correctly.
    • Ability to spell the words correctly.
    • Ability to develop paragraphs.
    • Ability to write composition that sustains the interest of the reader.
    • Ability to write legibly and neatly.

The composition should also end with the sentence in question. If not, deduct 2 marks.

  1. This should be an essay. Whichever the side the student take, they should:
    • Have an introduction in the essay.
    • Demonstrate ability to argue their points clearly.
    • Demonstrate ability to use language pleasantly and effectively.
    • Have a conclusion in the essay.

QUESTION 2 COMPULSORY

Expectation

Candidates to create a clear link/connection between lies/deceit and the tension or animosity it creates among people in society

Points of interpretation

  1. Who tells a lie/commits a deception?
  2. What is it they did?
  3. What problems does it bring?

Points of discussion

Torvald

Nora

Krogstad

Dr. Rank

Mrs. Linde

Introduction

The tension that runs throughout A Doll’s House comes from Nora’s fear of her secret being discovered. Her great terror being exposed leads her to tell a lie after a lie. When her web of lies finally reaches a climax, her marriage proves too weak to bear the strain.

At the beginning of the play, Nora appears to be a dutifully obedient and honest wife, however it is quickly revealed that she is hiding a serious secret from her husband—the fact that she borrowed money from Krogstad to finance a trip to Italy that she claims saved Torvald’s life. This confirms that all her statements about never disobeying or hiding anything from him were nothing but deceitful. When she reveals her dishonesty to Mrs. Linde, Mrs. Linde insists that she ought to confess to Torvald immediately, insisting that a marriage cannot succeed when husband and wife are not completely honest with each other.it eventually leads to the break of the marriage

 

Krogstad is also revealed to have committed a forgery. The fruits of their acts of deception are devastating: Krogstad’s reputation is ruined, and Nora is forced to leave her husband and family at the end of the play.

 

Dr. Rank also comes out as deceitful and dishonest. He has been deceiving both Nora and Torvald for years about the depth of his feelings for Nora. Only when she attempts to seek his financial help does Nora finally see beneath the surface to the doctor’s real feelings. He has been lusting for his best friend’s wife all those years. Nora is so shocked to discover this that she automatically decides not to ask Dr. Rank for financial assistance.this ends up straining their relationship

 

Torvald, who has been deceived throughout most of the play, is finally revealed in the final act to be the one most guilty of deception. He has deceived Nora into believing that he loved and cherished her, while all the while he had regarded her as little more than his property.

Q3. Points of interpretation

i)What challenge do they face?

  1. ii) How is it expressed?/Illustration

iii) How much of a challenge is it?/how does it affect them?

 

 

  1. Hitting Budapest (20mks)

  

Pi.  Effects of poverty; People in paradise live in abject poverty that is; the clothes they put on spells poverty, Baster wears what he never removes, the truck suit that is faded and an orange t-shirt. The children describe what the white lady eats in a manner that shows their poor state. They don’t know its name because they have never seen it. There is ignorance, children don’t go to school. Hunger results to stealing of guavas from the neighboring rich area-Budapest, to calm their hunger. The children suffer neglect-not catered for and dream of a rich future a reminder that they are very poor.

Pii. Hostile environment; the children are surprised when the white woman smiles at them since no one smiles at them in paradise except mother of bones who smiles all the time. The hostile environment is evidenced by Chipo’s pregnancy. Chipo was raped by her grandparent who at the moment is in jail. They find it hard to smile while taking a photo because their background doesn’t allow smiling- harsh upbringing. Their description of what the white woman is eating leads us to conclude that their lives have been full of burns- wounds and pimples.

Piii. Child abuse/negligence; the children are neglected they are not given food, clothes, education etc. adults ignore them , when Melo asks them for consent to take them photos , they do not answer since they are not used to adults talking to them, or requesting them for anything. They are poorly dressed. They don’t school. Basta even feels that there is no need for school “one doesn’t need school to make money’’.

Piv. Juvenile delinquency / imprisonment; the children are arrested and sent to juvenile correctional center for stealing from the rich neighborhood Budapest and dirtying the beautiful houses with ripe guavas. Chipo’s grandfather is imprisoned for defiling her.

Pv. Defilement; due to child neglect Chipo is raped by the grandfather -which is an incest act.

Pvi. Immigration; harsh circumstances forces them to run away in search of better living but they faces challenges like; dangers of illegal border crossing with large and dangerous water masses, engaging in low income activities or even illegal activities so as to make money.

  

  1. Drama: David Mulwa: Inheritance

Introduction

The citizens bear the brunt of bad leadership. In David Mulwa’s ‘Inheritance, ‘Lacuna Kasoo is a dictator who demands to be obeyed. Those who refuse to obey him face consequences such as incarceration, imprisonment among others.

Illustrations

Lacuna asks Judah Zen Melo to kill his brother Bengo because Bengo is opposing him. When Judah refuses, he is put out by Lacuna and he cannot get employment. His family suffers in his absence as Tamina his wife cannot make ends meet.

 

Bad leadership causes suffering because Lacuna refuses to give licenses to farmers and they cannot grow or sell their products. He then buys the land cheaply and other people work on their farms as slaves.

 

Lacuna employs people from his clan even when they are uneducated because he wants loyalty even if it is at the expense of efficiency.

 

Lulu and 300 other children are sent home for school fees as the school wants a perimeter wall and a computer laboratory, and money for examinations.

 

As a leader, Lacuna stashes away money in foreign accounts and the people are charged high taxes in order to repay the loans that he enjoys with his ministers and councilors.

 

Lacuna gives the imperialists a dam and the people spend a whole day getting a little amount of the precious commodity from the dam.

 

Lacuna wants to marry Lulu forcefully because, as a leader, he assumes that he can do whatever he wants. He even has Lulu’s father murdered and this causes Tamina and Lulu untold suffering.

 

Conclusion

Citizens are always victims of bad leadership. This vice should be eradicated for the sake of a stable and healthy nation for all.

 

Accept any other relevant introduction and conclusion.

 

 

  1. The Pearl by John Steinbeck

Points of interpretation

i)what problem do they face due to lack of education

  1. ii) how much of a challenge is it?

iii)How would education solve the problem?

 

  • Kino greatest hope upon getting the pearl was that Coyotito would go to school. This Kino believed would emancipate them from the many problems they were having.
  • The Indians were always cheated through references of what was in the books. With the pearl Kino believes Coyotito would go to school and ascertain whether actually what was said to be in the books was actually there
  • The doctor takes advantage of Kino’s ignorance to infect Coyotito. If Kino was educated he could have known that his so was already okay and could therefore not have been easily tricked. With the pearl he hopes Coyotito will be educated so that he can change this.
  • The Indians were poor because many of them did not have an education. Kino believes that it is education that distinguishes between the rich and the poor. He therefore believes that once Coyotito gets the education they would also become rich
  • Kino cannot be convinced by Juana that the pearl is evil and should be thrown into the sea because he believes that it is their one and only hope
  • Kino and the poor people were also robbed by the greedy pearl buyers because they were considered poor and illiterate. Kino wants to ensure that with the pearl his son Coyotito is educate so as to avoid the same challenges

 

 

 

SUKELLEMO EXAMINATION

(Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education)

ENGLISH

Paper 1

2 Hours.

 

  1. FUNCTIONAL WRITING 20 MARKS

You have been invited by the Form One Coordinator to give a welcome speech to Form One students during their orientation day.  Write a speech that you are going to give on that day in which the principal and a few teachers will be present.  In the speech include the following:

  1. Discipline
  2. Academic excellence
  • Importance of sports and games
  1. Any other relevant information
  2. CLOZE TEST 10 MARKS

The dictionary defines integrity as ‘the state of being completely unified.’ When I have integrity, my 1……………………….and my deeds match up.  I am who I am, no 2…………………………….. where I am or who I am with. Sadly, integrity is a vanishing commodity today. Personal standards are crumbling in a world that has taken to hot pursuit of personal pleasure and short cuts 3……………………………….. success. A person with integrity does not have 4………………………………. loyalties nor is he or she  merely pretending. People with integrity are ‘whole’ people; they can be identified by 5…………………………………..single-mindedness. They have nothing to hide and nothing to fear.  Their lives are open 6………………………………….. They have 7……………………….a system of values against 8………………………………..all their life is judged.  Integrity is not what we do so much as who we are.  And who we are in 9…………………… determines what we do. Our system of values is so much a part of us that we cannot separate it from 10……………………………

 

  1. ORAL SKILLS 30 MARKS
  2. a) Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow.

When to the sessions of sweet silent thought

I summon up remembrance of things past,

I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought

And with old woes new wail my dear time’s waste

Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow,

For previous friends hid in death’s dateless night,

And weep afresh love’s long since cancelled woe,

And moan the expense of many a vanished sight.

Then can I grieve at grievances foregone,

And heavily from woe to woe tell o’er.

The sad account of fore-bemoaned moan,

Which I now pay as if not paid before.

But if the while I think of thee, dear friend,

All losses are restored and sorrows end.

William Shakespeare

  1. Describe the rhyme scheme of the poem above.                                                                  (2mks)
  2. Identify the most dominant sound pattern used in this poem.             (2mks)
  3. Which words would you stress in the last line and why? (2mks)
  4. b) Read the following dialogue between Portia and the principal then answer the questions that follow.

 

Principal:   Welcome Portia, please have a seat.

Portia:                         (After sitting down) Sir, why did you call me?

Principal:   I would like us to have a little chat about…

Portia:          I have not done anything wrong; you can even ask Ejidiah, the class prefect I

was with    her the   whole day yesterday.

Principal:   Actually, the reason I called you is because…

Portia:        Speak louder. I can’t hear you.

Principal:   (in a louder voice). The reason why I sent for you is because I have just received

news from…

Portia:                       (shouting). Jacky! I knew that fool could not be trusted with a secret. Okay, its

true that Ejidiah and I sneaked out of school yesterday but we were hungry, really

hungry. All we did was buy a loaf of bread and then came back to

school.

Principal:   Portia, I wish you could listen to me. The reason why I called you here is because

I have received news that you have won an award in the creative writing contest

that you entered last year. I have a cheque here for you. However, you have raised

a matter that I would love to attend to without further delay. Please go and call

Ejidiah. By the time you get back I will have decided on the best punishment for

you two.

  1. How does the principal establish rapport with the student? (2mks)
  2. b) Prove that Portia is a poor listener. (2mks)
  3. c) What evidence is there in the dialogue to suggest that Portia demonstrates lack of etiquette in her speech? (4mks)
  4. d) Pick out the word in which the underlined part is pronounced differently. (4mks)
  5. Empty            free           key                        quay
  6. Arch         march         search                       monarch
  7. shepherd        toughphase              Physiotherapy
  8. Cortege          montage    siege              seizure
  9. e) Read the oral literature item below and answer the questions that follow.

                    Slipperiness knows no king.

  1. Identify an element of musicality contained in the proverb above.    (2mks)
  2. Explain how the audience would be involved in reciting this proverb. (2mks)

iii. Cite two things that would make you know that an audience has understood the proverb cited.                                                                                                                                          (2mks)

  1. You are having a group discussion with your colleagues on the set text ‘Blossoms of the Savanna.’ One of your group mates is contributing to the discussion but you are eager to chip in with something. State any three cues that would tell you that it is your turn to make a contribution. (3mks)
  2. Imagine you have been invited to give a speech on the topic “ Devastating effects of Covid 19.” State three introductory strategies of your speech. (3mks)

SUKELLEMO JOINT EVALUATION TEST

KENYA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION

 

ENGLISH PAPER 2

101/2

COMPREHENSION, LITERARY APPRECIATION AND GRAMMAR

DECEMBER 2020

TIME:  HOURS

 

COMPREHENSION

Read the passage and answer the questions.

At the start of this week, 1.3 million people had officially died on account of Covid-19 world-wide. According to the World Health Organisation, another 55 million people had contracted the virus. It was a bitter-sweet week as far as efforts to battle the virus are concerned. On one hand was the great news of a second vaccine with a 95 per cent efficacy rate. We also saw leading capitals tighten travel, school ban and other containment measures as the second wave of the pandemic batters many regions

Locally, the situation seems to mirror the global positions, albeit on a less scale, but the numbers of fatalities and infections are rising. We have lost 1,300 compatriots, with 73,000 more having encountered the virus. A casual glance on our neighbourhoods, social media and obituary pages back this, suggesting the official tally might be conservative due to unreported cases. The occasional infection of a public figure reminding us that we are not out of the woods yet. Medics and scientist continue burning the midnight oil to understand Covid-19 better and its symptoms, or lack of them witnessed in different people.

Though clear patterns of symptoms in fever, fatigue, breathing difficulty and loss of taste and smell were identified early, the last few months have seen some patients report a wide range of unexplained signs like longer infection periods and mental challenges such as anxiety, memory problems even depression. Even more intriguing has been the asymptomatic cases and cases of certain people in a family contacting the illness while others remain healthy. Add that to the fact that, Africa appears to suffer disproportionately lower rates of infection and mortality, its dilapidated health systems notwithstanding.

It is going to take time before someone can explain this incongruent picture. What is clear in the interim is that our world has dramatically changed, perhaps for the better. Traditionally, countries have spent colossal amounts of money building armies to deter global bullies.  Now it appears potential threats to humanity must be re-assessed and budgets adjusted. It might be an unknown virus and not a nuclear bomb that will bring the world to its knees. The most secure nations are likely to be those with highly diversified risk registers and commensurate investment to build capacity to confront such.

The early travel bans and overflowing hospitals in the developed world was another rebuke to developing nations to prioritise health. The fact that some regions have been affected more than others is another sobering lesson. With the 21st century having experienced its fair share of protectionist tendencies and inward-looking policies, the pandemic has highlighted the need for concerted effort to ensure no part of the globe is left behind in modernising its health systems. Who knows, a future pandemic, may see the less affected regions serving as refuge centres and provide manufacturing hubs for drugs.

Perhaps it is time to build longer bridges and not towering walls. The pandemic has shone the spotlight on the place and role of global information systems and co-operation among nations. The future will likely be more secure if pandemics and other threats are reported early and containment measures quickly activated. Covid-19 has painfully reminded us of the dividend of tackling a problem early and at source, before it grows wings.

 

Questions

  1. Why are the efforts to battle the virus bitter-sweet?    (2mks)
  2. What measures were put in place to contain the 2nd wave of infection?    (2mks)
  3. Explain these expressions as used in the passage; (2mks)
    • … not out of the woods yet
  1. Burning the midnight oil.
  1. In note form what are the symptoms of Covid-19. (3mks)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Identify 2 instances of irony in the passage.    (4mks)
  2. In about 40 words, summarise the lessons the pandemic has highlighted. (4mks)

Rough draft

 

 

Final copy

  1. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the passage;    (3mks)
  2. Efficacy
  3. Asymptomatic

………………………………………………………………………………………

  • Colossal

 

 

EXCERPT

Read the excerpt below and answer the questions

He was very helpful and he agreed to accompany them to the village where the girl was, and help them rescue her. They were about to give up the rescue mission after several attempts to distract the guards had failed. But the man from Nasila was able to lure the whole team of guards to a beer party at a nearby village, leaving the girl unguarded.

It was then that the rescue team stuck! Amidst screams of terrified women, the barking of fierce dogs, braying donkeys and mowing of cattle, they entered the hut where the weak and sickly girl lay. They carried her and scampered away fast, like men fleeing from a burning village for three kilometres, to the spot where they had left the vehicle. And they were lucky to have escaped, for immediately they put her onto the vehicle and they themselves had jumped into it, the fierce-looking guards arrived, breathless, but fuming furiously and brandishing all sorts of deadly weapons.

On seeing that they had been outsmarted, they resorted to throwing stones at them, but by then the four-wheel drive vehicle had shot past the range of their missiles.

Regrettably, they learnt later that the man who assisted them so much and enabled them to rescue the girl, was speared to death by those thugs who accused him of tricking them so the girl could be stolen. The girl had, however, arrived safely and she was in fair condition although she was shocked, traumatised and terribly emaciated. She said the girl still found it difficult to walk, for the injuries inflicted to her by the enkamuratani’solmurunyahad not yet healed.

Minik was thinking of how best to broach the matter in her mind. For a moment she wondered if it was the right time to bring out in the open the matter which she knew would be very painful to the girl who was just recovering from her own trauma. But she knew she could not hide the truth for long. It had to be revealed sooner so that counselling sessions could be put into place soon. Bracing herself appropriately, she quietly and coolly dropped the bombshell.

Questions

  • Place this excerpt in its immediate context. (4mks)
  • In which place did the rescue team find the weak and sickly girl? (1mk)
  • ‘bracing herself appropriately, she quietly and coolly dropped the bombshell.’ What was the bombshell? (2mks)
  • Describe the relationship of the man who assisted the rescue team with the weak and sickly girl. (2mks)
  • Discuss two outstanding themes in the excerpt. (4mks)
  • How is Minik portrayed in this excerpt. (4mks)
  • What is the role of Minik as shown in the rest of the text. (3mks)
  • How has hyperbole been used in the excerpt? (2mks)

 

  • ‘but the man from Nasila was able to lure the whole team of guards to a beer party at a nearby village, leaving the girl unguarded.’ Rewrite this sentence beginning with a participle phrase.                                                                                              (1mk)
  • Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt. (2mks)
  1. Scampered
  2. Outsmarted

 

POETRY (20 MARKS)

Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow

 

CIVIL WAR

In this land

Graveyards have no markers

For blood flows freely

Into the gutter

Where corpses abide

In restless sleep

 

In this land

Kinship is long dead

And the insiders prevail

A neighbours hand

In darkness hidden

Stifles yet another victim’s light.

 

In this land

The window blows across the neglected fields

Promising yet another spectacle

Of hollowed eyes and pinched skins

Trudging and falling to the unyielding trains

Of self-destruction

 

In the air

The whiter dove

Flutter with change

And perhaps

It would be better if this symbol of peace

Were established in the souls of the people

In this land

 

 

Questions

  1. What is the poem about? (2mks)
  2. Who is the persona in this poem? (2mks)
  3. Identify any two features of style used in the poem and explain their effectiveness. (6mks)
  4. Describe the tone of the poem. (2mks)
  5. Explain the significance of the last stanza in relation to the title of the poem. (2mks)
  6. Give the meaning of the following lines as used in the poem. (2mks)
  7. i) kinship is long dead
  8. ii) stifles yet another victims light.
  9. What is the attitude of the persona towards the subject matter? (2mks)

 

  1. What is the mood of the poem? (2mks)

GRAMMAR (15 marks)

 

  • Rewrite the sentence below filling in the gap with the correct form of the word in brackets.                                                                                                             (1mk)

Annah was scolded for the ……………………………. (order) in her room.

  • Punctuate the following sentences appropriately (1mk)

In case of any disagreement the teacher said consult the principal

  • Underline the adjective in the sentence below and state whether it has been used predicatively or attributively. (1mk)

Your watch looks expensive

  • Choose the correct word from those in brackets. (1mk)

(All over sudden/ all of a sudden) ……………………………………………………………there was a loud bang on the door.

  • Rewrite the following sentence replacing the underlined idiomatic expression (1mk)

Advertising revenue in the new financial year has got off to a flying start.

  • Rewrite the following sentence using one word to replace underlined (1mk)

The workers jobs may be put at risk if you purchase the machine

  • Supply a question tag to the following statements. (1mk)

John hardly ever studies

  • Explain the ambiguity in this sentence. (1mk)

“Did you see the girls with a telescope?”

  • Combine the following sentence using a participle phrase (1mk)

I had seen the photographs of the place. I had no desire to go there.

 

  • Replace the phrasal verb underlined in the sentence below with one word that means the same. (1mk)

They fell out over the decision and hardly speak to each other anymore.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  • Rewrite the following sentence according to the instructions. (do not alter the meaning) (1mk)

This is the singer. Her songs are beautiful (join into one sentence using a relative pronoun)

  • Rewrite the following sentence using substitution. (1mk)

Neema passed with flying colours. Her sister Kinya passed with flying colours too.

  • Complete the following sentences with the correct order of adjectives in brackets. (1mk)

I used to drive……………………………………………………………………………………………. car. (blue, old, German, expensive, saloon)

  • Fill the gaps with a suitable preposition. (1mk)

I am vexed…………………………………. her for stealing my books.

  • Fill in the blank spaces with the correct article.                                   (1mk)

What is…………………………………………………………………………. ewe?

 

101/3

ENGLISH PP3

 DECEMBER – 2020

(Imaginative Composition and

Essays Based on the Set Texts)

TIME : 2 ½ hours

SUKELLEMO MOCK JOINT MOCK

Kenya Certificat of Secondary Education

  1. Imaginative Composition (Compulsory)                                                                                                             (20 marks)

   Either

  • Write a story to illustrate the saying:

Do not judge a book by its cover.

 

Or

(b)Write a story ending: I realized that the shortest way home is not always the quickest.

 

  1. Compulsory Set Text (20 marks)

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

 

‘The price of great sacrifice and love in a marriage is the risk it won’t be paid.’ Using illustrations from Henrik Ibsen’s play A Doll’s House, write an essay in support of this statement.

 

  1. 3. The Optional Set Texts                                                                                   (20 marks)

Answer any one of the following three questions.

Either

(a)                The Short Story

Chris Wanjala (Ed.), Memories We Lost

 

Drawing examples from Rolf Schmid’s short story “No Need to Lie’ write a composition on the topic: “Living with cancer does not have to be a death sentence.”

Or

(b)                Drama

David Mulwa, Inheritance

 

Illustrating your answer with examples from ‘Inheritence,’ write an essay entitled:

‘The effects of greed.’

Or

(c)                The Novel

John Steinbeck, The Pearl

 

Write an essay supporting the proposition that: ‘Juana is the embodiment of reason in Steinbeck’s novel, ‘The Pearl.’

 

SUKELEMO EXAM

Marking scheme

English paper 1

 

Functional writing (20mks)

Format (3mks)

  1. acknowledge those present in order of seniority f1
  2. Greetings f1

iii. Conclusion –thank the audience for listening   f1

 

Body/ content (10 mks)

  1. Should have preamble after greetings – I’m privileged to give this talk…. C1
  2. Include the purpose of the speech C2

iii. Discipline C2

  1. Academic excellence C2
  2. Importance of sports and games C2
  3. any other relevant information C1

 

Language (7 mks)

6-7 A

4-5 B

2-3 C

1    D

 

 

  1. CLOZE TEST 10 MARKS

The dictionary defines integrity as ‘the state of being completely unified.’ When I have integrity, my     1 wordsand my deeds match up.  I am who I am, no    2 matter  where I am or who I am with. Sadly, integrity is a vanishing commodity today. Personal standards are crumbling in a world that has taken to hot pursuit of personal pleasure and short cuts    3tosuccess. A person with integrity does not have     dividedloyalties nor is he or she merely pretending. People with integrity are ‘whole’ people; they can be identified by     5   their      single-mindedness. They have nothing to hide and nothing to fear.  Their lives are open   6books .        They have    7established/ developed    a system of values against   8 which     all their life is judged.  Integrity is not what we do so much as who we are.  And who we are in  9    turn     determines what we do. Our system of values is so much a part of us that we cannot separate it from 10 ourselves

  1. ORAL SKILLS 30 MARKS
  2. a) Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow.

When to the sessions of sweet silent thought

I summon up remembrance of things past,

I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought

And with old woes new wail my dear time’s waste

Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow,

For previous friends hid in death’s dateless night,

And weep afresh love’s long since cancelled woe,

And moan the expense of many a vanished sight.

Then can I grieve at grievances foregone,

And heavily from woe to woe tell o’er.

The sad account of fore-bemoaned moan,

Which I now pay as if not paid before.

But if the while I think of thee, dear friend,

All losses are restored and sorrows end.

William Shakespeare

  1. Describe the rhyme scheme of the poem above. (2mks)

aaaababacdceff

Regular rhyme scheme

 

  1. Identify the most dominant sound patterns used in this poem. (2mks)

Alliteration –  sessions of sweet silent           

  • With old woes new wail
  • grieve at grievances
  1. Which words would you stress in the last line and why?(2mks)

Losses,  restored,  sorrows,  end – 1mk

 the persona feels relieved from sad experience now that he/she has  a friend to share the problems with. 1mk

Must pick out the 4 words to score a full mark.

 

 

  1. b) Read the following dialogue between Portia and the principal then answer the questions that follow.

Principal:   Welcome Portia, please have a seat.

Portia:                         (After sitting down) Sir, why did you call me?

Principal:   I would like us to have a little chat about…

Portia:          I have not done anything wrong; you can even ask Ejidiah, the class prefect I

was with    her the   whole day yesterday.

Principal:   Actually, the reason I called you is because…

Portia:        Speak louder. I can’t hear you.

Principal:   (in a louder voice). The reason why I sent for you is because I have just received

news from…

Portia:                       (shouting). Jacky! I knew that fool could not be trusted with a secret. Okay, its

true that Ejidiah and I sneaked out of school yesterday but we were hungry, really

hungry. All we did was buy a loaf of bread and then came back to

school.

Principal:   Portia, I wish you could listen to me. The reason why I called you here is because

I have received news that you have won an award in the creative writing contest

that you entered last year. I have a cheque here for you. However, you have raised

a matter that I would love to attend to without further delay. Please go and call

Ejidiah. By the time you get back I will have decided on the best punishment for

you two.

  1. How does the principal establish rapport with the student? (2mks)
  • The principal addresses the student by name.
  • The principal welcome the student and offers her a seat.
  1. What evidence is there in the dialogue to suggest that Portia demonstrates lack of etiquette in her speech? (4mks)
  • The student is disrespectful- commands/ orders the principal to speak louder.
  • The student is rude- asks the principal “ did you call me?”
  • The student is abusive- calls one of the classmate a fool
  • She shouts at the principal/ in the principal’s office – “Jacky.” Shouting

 

  1. Prove that Portia is a poor listener.    (2mks)
  • Portia interrupts the principal several times
  • Jumps to conclusion ….fails to listen to the principal instead say that she knew…..
  1. d) Pick out the word in which the underlined part is pronounces differently. (4mks)
  2. Empty free           key                quay
  3. Arch         march         search                       monarch
  4. shepherd        toughphase              Physiotherapy
  5. Cortege          montage    siege seizure
  6. e) Slipperiness knows no king.
  7. Identify elements of musicality contained in the proverb above. (2mks)

Alliteration – knows no

  1. Explain how the audience would be involved in reciting to the proverb. (2mks)
  • I would say ‘Slipperiness knows…’ and leave the audience to complete by saying ‘no king’

iii. Cite two things that would make you know that an audience has understood the proverb cited.                                                                                                                                          (2mks)

  • When they complete the proverb correctly
  • When they nod their heads
  • When they wear/show bright faces
  • When they smile

Any 2 points

  1. You are having a group discussion with your colleagues on the set text ‘Blossoms of the Savanna.’ One of your group mates is contributing to the discussion but you are eager to chip in with something. State any three cues that would tell you that it is your turn to make a contribution. (3mks)
  • If a question is directed to you.
  • If the other party pauses –a pregnant pause
  • Use of body language e.g the speaker beckons you/ raises eyebrows/ or any other acceptable sign.

 

  1. Imagine you have been invited to give a speech on the topic “Devastating effects of Covid- 19.” State three introductory strategies of your speech. (3mks)
  • Use a rhetorical question e.g Did you know that this pandemic has affected lives all over the world?
  • Use an anecdote e.g a sad personal story or assume you are a victim of covid-19
  • Cite startling /shocking statistics e.g Do you know how Covid-19 has claimed over a million?
  • Sing a song about the precaution against the pandemic e.g wash, wash your hands…
  • Cite authorities such as doctors and other health experts eg doctors have warned….

Any 3 points

SUKELLEMO JOINT EVALUATION TEST

KENYA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION

NAME:MARKING SCHEMEINDEX No:……………………….. ADM

COMPREHENSION

 

Questions

  1. Why are the efforts to battle the virus bitter-sweet?    (2mks)

The efforts to battle the virus are bitter-sweet because on one hand is the great news of the vaccine and on the other hand the dead of many people as well as the big number of those who had contracted the virus

  1. What measures were put in place to contain the 2nd wave of infection?    (2mks)

The measures put in place to contain the second wave of infection include leading capitals tighten travel, school ban and other containment measures.

  1. Explain these expressions as used in the passage; (2mks)
    • … not out of the woods yet

This expression means that the world is not yet free from the difficulties/ problems/ challenges brought about by the virus.

  1. Burning the midnight oil.

this expression means that scientist work until late  at night to understand Covid-19 and its symptoms.

  1. In note form what are the symptoms of Covid-19. (3mks)
  2. Fever
  3. Fatigue
  4. Breathing difficulties
  5. Loss of taste and smell
  6. Longer infection periods
  7. Anxiety
  8. Depression
  9. Memory problems

(Any 6 points  mark each)

 

  1. Identify 2 instances of irony in the passage. (4mks)
  2. a) Its ironical for Africa to suffer disproportionately lower rates of infection and mortality despite its dilapidated health systems.
  3. b) its ironical that an unknown virus and not a nuclear bomb will bring the world to its knees.

 

  1. In about 40 words, summarise the lessons the pandemic has highlighted. (4mks)

Rough draft

Lessons the pandemic has highlighted are:

  1. Some regions have been affected more than others.
  2. The need for concerted effort to ensure no part of the globe is left behind in modernising its health systems.
  3. Time to build longer bridges and not towering walls.
  4. The place and role of global information systems and co-operation.

Note: the candidate must observe the rules of summary writing to score the full mark.

  1. Answer should be written in prose for both rough draft and final copy
  2. Deletion and addition of words should be done only on the rough copy
  3. Number of words used should be indicated at the end
  4. Fair copy should be clean/tidy

 

  1. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the passage;    (3mks)
  2. Efficacy
  • Effectiveness
  • Having the ability to produce the results that are wanted
  1. Asymptomatic
  • Someone has a condition/ disease but does not show the symptoms
  1. Colossal
  • Extremely large amounts of money.

 

EXCERPT

 

Questions

  • Place this excerpt in its immediate context.    (4mks)

Minik sends a worker to fetch Resian. When Resian gets to Minik’s house, she senses that Minnik is angry and it turns out that she is unhappy of the new daring cases of arrogant predators who are challenging her for selfish gains; threatening her effort to fight female circumcision and forced underage marriages. Minik tells Resian of the unexpected events and the challenges the rescue team went through. She does this carefully not frighten Resian and eventually, quietly and coolly drops the bombshell that the rescued girl is Taiyo and the man killed during the rescue is Joseph Parmuat.

  • In which place did the rescue team find the weak and sickly girl?    (1mk)

In a village called Esoit. She was in a home that was heavily guarded by Oloisudon’s men.

  • ‘bracing herself appropriately, she quietly and coolly dropped the bombshell.’ What was the bombshell? (2mks)

That the rescued girl was Taiyo and that the man that was killed was Joseph Parmuat.

  • Describe the relationship of the man who assisted the rescue team with the weak and sickly girl. (2mks)

Taiyo and Joseph Parmuat were in a love relationship though Joseph had declined her love citing the reasons that he and Taiyo were considered related( a brother and a sister)

  • Discuss two outstanding themes in the excerpt.    (4mks)
  1. Conflict/ fear – the home in which Taiyo was kept was heavily guarded by Oloisudon’s men. When the rescue team struck, women in the hut where Taiyo was kept screamed in terror. The team managed to get into the hut, carried Taiyo and scampered away fast, like men fleeing from a burning village. They were lucky to have escaped, for immediately put her onto the vehicle and they themselves had jumped into it, the fierce-looking guards arrived, breathless, but fuming furiously and brandishing all sorts of deadly weapons. On seeing that they had been outsmarted, they resorted to throwing stones at them.
  2. Death – the man who had assisted them so much and enabled them to rescue the girl, was speared to death by those thugs who accused him of tricking them so the girl could be stolen
  • How is Minik portrayed in this excerpt.    (4mks)
  1. Cautious – she wanted to approach the matter carefully not to frighten Resian. She knew Resian was still recovering from her trauma and could not, therefore, bear another traumatic experience.
  2. Caring/ kind – she cared about the wellbeing of Resian and Taiyo. She did everything to ensure the girl (Taiyo) was rescued. She was kind enough not to cause more fear in Resian therefore she approached the mattercautiously.
  • What is the role of Minik as shown in the rest of the text. (3mks)

Minik is a feminist whose role is to rescue girls from forced marriages and FGM. Her fight against female circumcision and forced underage marriages had achieved tremendous success as she had rescued over 500 girls who were living in her ranch. Minik is aware of the new threats from the rich men who are challenging to outsmart her with their monetary prowess but she is as fierce as a wasp the reason she was nicknamed ‘wasp’ by Ole Supeyo. She is a well-known crusader against the retrogressive cultural practices that are against the girl child.

  • How has hyperbole been used in the excerpt?    (2mks)

the ability of the rescue team to outsmart the heavily armed guards is over stated.

 

  • ‘but the man from Nasila was able to lure the whole team of guards to a beer party at a nearby village, leaving the girl unguarded.’ Rewrite this sentence beginning with a participle phrase. (1mk)

Leaving the girl unguarded, the man from Nasila was able to lure the whole team of guards to a beer party at a nearby village.

  • Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt. (2mks)
  • Scampered

Run with quick steps in fear

  1. Outsmarted

Defeated

 

POETRY (20 MARKS)

Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow

 

Questions

  • What is the poem about? (2mks)

Poem is about civil war and its effects: e.g death (graveyards) blood flows, people maiming each other, relational deaths. (kinship long dead)

  • Who is the persona in this poem? (2mks)

A resident of the land, an observer in this land.

  1. Identify any two features of style used in the poem and explain their effectiveness. (6mks)

Repetition – ‘in this land’. Emphasis on the fact that elsewhere things could be different but here

Metaphor – hollowed eyes and pinched skins. Maiming caused by injuries caused by war.

Symbolism – ‘whiter dove’ peace and optimism in the future.

  • Describe the tone of the poem. (2mks)

Angry – blood flows freely

Bitter – merciless killings serious in this land

Optimistic – white dove flutter with change

  1. Explain the significance of the last stanza in relation to the title of the poem. (2mks)

Better days ahead if people’s hearts are changed

  1. Give the meaning of the following lines as used in the poem. (2mks)
  2. i) kinship is long dead

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. ii) stifles yet another victims light.

………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. What is the attitude of the persona towards the subject matter? (2mks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

  1. What is the mood of the poem?                (2mks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

GRAMMAR (15 marks)

  • Rewrite the sentence below filling in the gap with the correct form of the word in brackets. (1mk)

Annah was scolded for the disorderliness (order) in her room.

  • Punctuate the following sentences appropriately (1mk)

In case of any disagreement the teacher said consult the principal

“In case of any disagreement,” the teacher said, “consult the principal

  • Underline the adjective in the sentence below and state whether it has been used predicatively or attributively. (1mk)

Your watch looks expensive

Expensive – predicatively

  • Choose the correct word from those in brackets. (1mk)

(All over sudden/ all of a sudden) all of a sudden there was a loud bang on the door.

  • Rewrite the following sentence replacing the underlined idiomatic expression (1mk)

Advertising revenue in the new financial year has got off to a flying start.

Has started very well

  • Rewrite the following sentence using one word to replace underlined                 (1mk)

The workers jobs may be put at risk if you purchase the machine

Jeopardize NB: correct spelling

  • Supply a question tag to the following statements. (1mk)

John hardly ever studies

Does he?

  • Explain the ambiguity in this sentence.                                                                         (1mk)

“Did you see the girls with a telescope?”

Using a telescope

Carrying a telescope

  • Combine the following sentence using a participle phrase (1mk)

I had seen the photographs of the place. I had no desire to go there.

Having seen the photographs of the place, I had no desire to go there.

  • Replace the phrasal verb underlined in the sentence below with one word that means the same. (1mk)

They fell out over the decision and hardly speak to each other anymore.

Quarrelled, argued

  • Rewrite the following sentence according to the instructions. (do not alter the meaning) (1mk)

This is the singer. Her songs are beautiful (join into one sentence using a relative pronoun)

This is the singer whose songs are beautiful.

  • Rewrite the following sentence using substitution. (1mk)

Neema passed with flying colours. Her sister Kinya passed with flying colours too.

Neema passed with flying colours; so did her sister Kinya.

  • Complete the following sentences with the correct order of adjectives in brackets. (1mk)

I used to drive expensive, old, saloon, blue, German  car. (blue, old, German, expensive, saloon)

  • Fill in the gaps with a suitable preposition.    (1mk)

I am vexed with her for stealing my books.

  • Fill in the blank spaces with the correct article. (1mk)

What is a ewe?

SUKELLEMO JOINT MOCK

101/3

ENGLISH

December, 2020

Marking Scheme

(Imaginative Composition and Essays Based on the Set Texts)

 

  1. Imaginative Composition (Compulsory)                                                 (20 marks)

   Either

  • Write a story to illustrate the saying:

Do not judge a book by its cover.

  • Expect a narrative
  • The candidate Must come up with a story in which a character pretends to be what they are not.

 

 

Or

(b)Write a story ending: I realized that the shortest way home is not always the quickest.

  • Expect a narrative
  • It should end with the sentence given.
  • The candidate should come up with a credible story in which a character has gone through a short cut in a given situation after which they realize the dire consequences of doing so.

 

 

  1. Compulsory Set Text                                                                               (20 marks)

 

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

 

‘The price of great sacrifice and love in a marriage is the risk it won’t be paid.’ Using illustrations from Henrik Ibsen’s play A Doll’s House, write an essay in support of this statement.

INTRODUCTION:

Accept a plausible and convincing introduction. (2 Marks)

CONTENT/BODY                                               (12 Marks)

Expect four points.

Mark: 3,3,3,3

  1. Nora and the Loan
  2. Nora and the care for the family
  • Nora’s submissiveness
  1. Nora and Loan repayment
  2. Nora’s decision to leave Helmer the children

CONCLUSION:

Accept a plausible conclusion.                                                   (2 Marks)

GRAMMAR:                                                                              (4 Marks)

 

 

 

 

  1. 3. The Optional Set Texts                                                                (20 marks)

Answer any one of the following three questions.

Either

(a)                The Short Story

Chris Wanjala (Ed.), Memories We Lost

 

Drawing examples from Rolf Schmid’s short story “No Need to Lie’ write a composition on the topic: “Living with cancer does not have to be a death sentence.”

INTRODUCTION:

Accept a plausible and convincing introduction.           (2 Marks)

CONTENT/BODY:                                                       (12 Marks)

Expect four points

Mark 3,3,3,3

 

  1. Food
  2. Sporting activities
  • Desire to see family
  1. Strong will and optimism
  2. Positive attitude
  3. Genuine friends

CONCLUSION:

Accept a plausible conclusion.                                            (2 Marks)

GRAMMAR:                                                                    (4 Marks)

 

Or

(b)                Drama

David Mulwa, Inheritance

 

Illustrating your answer with examples from ‘Inheritence,’ write an essay entitled:

‘The effects of greed.’

INTRODUCTION:

Accept a plausible and convincing introduction.                  (2 Marks)

CONTENT/BODY:                                                             (12 Marks)

Expect four points

Mark 3,3,3,3

  1. King Katula’s poisoning
  2. Purchase of an aircraft
  • Scattering of nation’s wealth
  1. Goldstein’s advice to drive citizens out of their homes.
  2. Murder of Juda Zen Melo
  3. Land grabbing by councilor Chipande
  • Lending money to African states to make profit.

CONCLUSION:

Accept a plausible conclusion.                                         (2 Marks)

GRAMMAR:                                                                   (4 Marks)

 

Or

 

(c)                The Novel

John Steinbeck, The Pearl

 

Write an essay supporting the proposition that: ‘Juana is the embodiment of reason in Steinbeck’s novel, ‘The Pearl.’

INTRODUCTION:

Accept a plausible and convincing introduction.                   (2 Marks)

CONTENT/ BODY:                                                              (12 Marks)

Expect four points

Mark 3,3,3,3

 

  1. Dangers of the Pearl
  2. The second attack
  • The first killing
  1. The flight to the north
  2. Demand for the doctor
  3. Scorpion bite

CONCLUSION:

Accept a plausible conclusion.                                                      (2 Marks)

GRAMMAR:                                                                                 (4 Marks)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. FUNCTIONAL WRITING                                                   (20 marks)

Barack Blessing is an exemplary character in your community. He had a troubled childhood but managed to beat the odds and go all the way to university. He ended up serving in various elective positions in the country. He contributed to development in the education sector significantly. He won several prizes within the continent as well as the coveted Nobel Prize for Peace. He is currently retired and has a stable family to back all his accomplishments. Write his Biography.

2.CLOZE TEST                                                                                                 (10 MARKS)

Fill in each of the blank spaces in the passage below with the most appropriate word.

The way people speak, their tone, cadence, roughness or smoothness of voice, the way they 1._____________their hands and eyes, the way they stand 2. ________________ they are speaking to us, all convey 3.________________ These additional ways of communicating are all instances of non-verbal communication channels. Non-verbal messages supply different kinds of meanings 4. _____________the verbal ones.

With the 5. ________________of special situations, non-verbal messages either act to modify the meanings of the verbal 6._________________to transmit information 7. ______________ the general attitudes and feelings of the speaker. Non-verbal messages can be divided into three types, based 8. ____________the kind of energy involved in 9. _____________ transmission   that is, aural (pitch, cadence, timbre, intonation, clarity of articulation) visual (Facial expression, eye contact, posture, gesture) 10._____________tactile (touch).

(Adapted from New Society and Culture: 1996)

 

 

  1. ORAL SKILLS (30 MKS)
  2. Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow:

When I   Saw Her

When I saw her, thought much I,

How fly she was for me!

Could I reach that steep high?

That’s what I’d love to see.

Well, it’s man’s greatest dream

To carry the heart of-

The one he loves with gleam

And brandish it high above

And shout, “She’s the one!”

I’ve found love in the most

Prohibited places and won,

It comes, goes like a ghost.

Should I go for it and get crowned-

A king and be a brutally hurt hound?

 

By Tony Brian

( Adapted from Millennial Voices: East African Poetry. Edited by Barrack Wandera,BrysonOmwalo,JohnMidega ,AdaloMoga with KitcheMagak. Intercen Publishers:2020)

 

  1. State any three pairs of rhyming words in this poem (3 marks)
  2. Identify two examples of alliteration in the poem (2 marks)
  • Identify an instance of assonance in the poem                           ( 1mark)

______________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. How would you perform the ninth line in the poem?                     ( 2 marks)
  2. b) Identify the odd word based on the pronunciation of the vowels in the following words. (5marks)

 

  1. Sit ,seal, seem, gene
  2. Go, slow, goal, got
  • Far, firm, furl , world
  1. Gate, gay, get, mail
  2. Smooth, sooth, soon, good

 

  1. c) Underline the stressed syllable in the following words. ( 6marks)
  2. A. buse
  3. Dis. like

iii. Pro. se. cute

  1. Pro. test ( Noun)

v)Re. spect

vi)Sy. mbol. ic

  1. d) Your school has organized an inter-house debating competition towards the end of the term. You are going to take part as a proposer to the motion “seeking a partner’s consent in marriage is the solution to domestic conflict in Kenya.” Explain any five things you would do to ensure you win the competition. (5 marks)
  2. e) In the telephone conversation below, Pamela calls Pioneer Shoes Company to book for an appointment with the Managing Director. Complete the telephone conversation using the most appropriate language. (6 marks)

 

Pamela: ___________________________________________________(1 mark)

Secretary: Yes, it is. How can I help you?

Pamela: I would like to book an appointment with the managing director on Thursday next week at 2:00 pm.

Secretary: ______________________________________________________(2 marks)

Pamela: Friday, 12.45pm is fine with me.

Secretary: ______________________________________________________(2 marks)

Pamela: I will be there on time. Thank you very much

Secretary: _______________________________________________________( 1 mark)

 

 

 

 

  1. COMPREHENSION (20 Marks)

Read the passage below and then answer the questions that follow.

Gender is probably the most important social issue in the world today.  It affects and influences every aspect of our lives: politics, economics, religion and leisure.  People in the 21st Century strongly believed that every project must get the gender dimension right in order to succeed.  But what is gender? Basically, gender is the expectation that people should do or not do certain things according to their sex.  Every normal human being is either female or male.  This is sex and it is a biological fact.  Indeed, sex is the most conspicuous difference between human beings.

 

The moment we look at a person, we can tell whether that person is a man or a woman, a boy or a girl.  The question is if society should use this biological difference to tell people what they should or should not do. Yet, since time immemorial, this is what human communities all over the world have done.

Some African societies bring up their boys to believe that men must be fighters, take whatever they want – by force if necessary and never cry.  If anyone asks why they should or should not do this and that, the ready answer is always:  you are a man, and that’s what men are supposed to do.  Girls are told to be gentle and quiet, to obey men, not to climb trees and not to eat certain kinds of food.  A girl who asks why she should not climb trees or speak loudly in public is told, you are a woman, and women don’t do that.  In other words, society is always telling us what we can do and what we cannot do just because we are men or women.

In most cases, there is no physical or logical reason for a man or a woman to do or not do certain things.  Any girl can climb a tree as smartly as any boy.  If a boy wants to go into the kitchen and cook, there is no reason why he should not do so.  Indeed, some of the best cooks in the world, called ‘chefs’ are men.  Yet in some societies, it is a taboo for a man or boy to enter the kitchen.  Similarly, some societies do not allow their women to build houses, even work at building sites, whereas in other societies it is indeed the woman’s role to build houses.

Gender is thus society’s assigning of roles to people according to their being male or female. On the face of it, there is nothing wrong with sharing roles – indeed, there are many cases where it is logical to expect that certain people should do or avoid some activities.  For example, it would not be safe for a woman in advance stages of pregnancy to go hunting wild animals or grazing livestock many miles away from home.  However, this should not be taken as a blanket excuse to declare that all women must not hunt wild animals.  The problem is even worse when some people use gender roles to exploit or oppress other people.  Men for example, have for a long time invoked gender roles to force women to do certain things and to prevent them from doing things the women may want to do.

This oppressive practice may be called gender imposition, and it may be seen in all aspects of society. In social relations, boys and girls are segregated from the earliest years of life.  Members of each sex are strictly drilled into what ‘feminine’ or ‘masculine’ in behavior, speech, dress and every activity.  Boys and girls are told what work they should or should not do, what places they can or cannot go to.  What games to play and even what foods to eat or not to eat; just because they are boys or girls.  By the time a person is in his or her teens, he or she has learnt – from both example and direct teaching by older members of society – what exactly is expected of him or her as a man or a woman.  These gendered roles often suggest that men should lead and command in everything, be ‘tough’ – meaning hard and even cruel – and ‘strong’, which often means aggressive and violent.  The women on the other hand, are required to be soft and kind, submissive and unquestioningly obedient to men.  Even in public affairs, such as politics or religion, the gendering of roles leads to some curious situations.  In some places of worship for example, men and women are strictly separated.  Several denominations do not permit women to preach in public or to be ordained as priests or pastors.  Politics is widely regarded as a man’s field.

 

Some societies insist that a woman cannot be a leader, like President or Army commander.  The nagging question, which many women and enlightened men are asking today is:  Why not? This is the challenge to the conventional gendering of roles.  Is there any logical reason why a man should not change the nappies of his child, or go into the kitchen and cook?  Why can a talented woman not become a top soccer or rugby player, or a bishop or a top business executive?  Is it fair to prevent people from eating such nutritious foods as chicken and eggs simply because they are women?  Should children be denied the right to inherit their parents’ property on the grounds of sex?  Is it not pathetic seeing men inflict beastly violence on their wives and children, or one another simply because men are expected to be ‘tough’ and ‘strong’?

 

To avoid such absurdities, advocates of gender equity demand that sex should not be the main consideration in dealing with people.  Assigning roles to people on the grounds of biological differences is a form of evil discrimination, like racism.    A more sensible way of dealing with men and women is to take them strictly on the basis of their individual abilities.  A human being is a human being, whether man or woman and each should be given every opportunity to realize his or her full human potential.  An enlightened approach to gender equity is suggested by the old English saying “What’s good for the goose is good for the gander”.

 

 

Questions

 

(a)According to the passage, what is the difference between gender and sex?( 2 Marks)

 

(b)                What is gender imposition?                                                                        (1 mark)

(c)                How are gender roles passed on?                                                                             (1 mark)

(d)                Add a question tag to the following:

Any girl can climb a tree as smartly as any boy__________________   (1 mark)

 

(e) Identify a phrase in the passage that shows that it is not only women who are              concerned with the problems created by gendering of roles.                       (1 mark)

(f) In not more than 60 words write a summary on what women are not allowed to do       simply because they are women.                                                                               (6 marks)

 

(g) In not more than three sentences, paraphrase the author’s argument.  (3 marks)

 

(h)                Change the following question into a statement:                                    (1 mark)

Should children be denied the right to inherit their parents’ property on the grounds of sex?

(i) What is the meaning of the following:  “What is good for the goose is good for    the gander.”                                                                                                              (1 mark)

(j) Explain the meaning of the following as they are used in the passage. (3 marks)

(i)  Blanket excuse_____________________________________________

(ii) Segregated _______________________________________________

(iii)              Absurdities_______________________________________________

 

 

  1. Read the following excerpt and then answer the questions that follow. (25mks)

“Check your tongue child!” her mother rebuked her harshly.

“Soon you are going to disgrace your father by the way you speak. Didn’t you see the way you horrified your yeiyo-botorrthe other day when you spoke like one with a demented spirit? You must bridle your tongue. Be careful of what you say, otherwise you will soon be called enadua-kutuk.”

 

“I am sorry, Yeiyo,” said Resian remorsefully. “But surely Yeiyo, mustn’t one mention the despicable character of an old man who behaves badly before a girl young enough to be his daughter?”

“However disreputable the man may be,” her mother warned her, “be careful Resian. We don’t know what connection the man has with your father and it would be catastrophic if your tongue would be the one to sever his relations with other men. Go to the living room and tell him I’m busy preparing lunch. Get him a cup of tea or something else to drink and make him comfortable before your father comes. I am sure he will be here soon.”

Questions

  1. Place this extract in its immediate context. (4marks)
  2. Resian is talking ill of a certain man. What makes her give such comments about him?                                                                                                                            ( 2 Marks)            3. Relate what Resian had done earlier and worried the aunt and what she has done in the             extract that equally worried the mother.                                            (2marks)
  3. Mama Milanoi talks of a catastrophe. Explain the catastrophe based on what happened later in the text                 (2marks)
  4. Identify two stylistic devices used in this extract. (4marks)

 

6.What is the main theme/ concern in this excerpt?                                   ( 2 Marks)

  1. Identify two character traits of Mama Milanoi that emerge from this extract.

(4 marks)

  1. After this extract, Oloisudori looks at Resian and she imagines that her blouse is unbuttoned. What makes Resian imagine so?                                                                  (2marks)
  2. What is the meaning of the following words as used in the extract? (3marks)

 

(i)  Bridle_________________________

 

(ii) Despicable______________________

 

(iii)              Catastrophic______________________

 

 

  1. POETRY:

Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow. (20marks)

 

Dulce Et Decorum Est. (Wilfred Owen)

 

Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,

Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,

Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs

And towards our distant rest began to trudge.

Men marched asleep.  Many had lost their boots

But limped on, blood-shod.  All went lame; all blind;

Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots.

Of disappointed shells that dropped behind.

 

GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!—An ecstasy of fumbling,

Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;

But someone still was yelling out and stumbling

And floundering like a man in fire or lime.—

Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light

As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.

 

In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,

He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.

 

If in some smothering dreams you too could pace

Behind the wagon that we flung him in,

And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,

His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin;

If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood

Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,

Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud

Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,–

My friend, you would not tell with such high zest

To children ardent for some desperate glory,

 

The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est

Pro patria mori.*

____________________________________________________________

*Latin for: It is sweet and fitting to die for one’s country.

 

(i)Describe briefly what the poem is about.                                                               (4marks)

(ii)Who is the persona?                                                                                                                 (2marks)

(iii)Identify and illustrate any three features of style used in the poem.  (6marks)

(iv)Explain one thematic concern raised in the poem.                               (3marks)

(v)Comment on the title of the poem.                                                            (2marks)

(vi)Give the meaning of the following words.                              (3marks)

  • Trudge_________________________________
  • Fumbling________________________________

(c) Zest______________________________________

 

  1. GRAMMAR ( 15 Marks)
  2. a) Without changing the meaning, rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions after each. (4 marks)
  3. i) Passing examination is a goal. Every candidate should aim at it. (Write as one sentence using ‘to’)
  4. ii) I thought that you would like to hear what happened. (Rewrite using ‘occurred’ in place of ‘thought’.)

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

iii) I shall be saved a lot of trouble by that. ( Begin: That…)

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

  1. iv) The president was impressed by her good performance. He sponsored her (Begin: Impressed…………..)

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

  1. b) Use the correct form of the words in the brackets to fill in the blanks. (2 Marks)

(i)The couple has applied for a divorce over _________________________differences.     (reconcile).

(ii)That matter is highly ______________________________ (contest) in a court of law.

 

 

  1. c) Explain the difference between this pair of sentences. ( 2 Marks)                                          i)                The thief ran so fast that I could not catch up with him.
  2. ii) The thief ran fast so that I could not catch up with him.
  3. d) Determine whether the verbs in the sentences below have been used transitively or intransitively.                                                     (2 marks)
  4. i) Manchester city won the premium league.________________________
  5. ii) The deceased wept bitterly. ____________________________________

 

  1. e) Replace the underlined idiomatic expressions using a single word(1 Mark) i) The student complained that his father was close-fisted.

________________________________________________________

  1. f) Choose the correct alternative from the pronouns given to complete the sentences.                                                                                                                                           (2marks)
  2. i) The shooting at night startled Mike and _______ (I /me)

 

  1. ii) The principal and ___________ (she/her) left the compound.
  2. g) Replace the underlined part of this sentence with an apt phrasal verb (2 marks)
  3. i) The security team was asked to ensure that the cameras were functioning.

____________________________________________________________________

  1. ii) His distinct voice revealed his identity.

____________________________________________________________________

 

                                         

  1. Imaginative Composition     (20 Marks)

   Either

(a)Write a composition to illustrate the saying:”One good turn deserves another.”

 

Or

(b)Write a composition explaining why students cheat in National Exams.

  1. Compulsory Set Text     (20 Marks)

   Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House.

Unwise decisions can cause misery. Write an essay to qualify this statement      citing illustrations from Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House.

 

  1. The Optional Set Texts (20 Marks)

John Steinbeck, The Pearl

“Do not count your chicks before they hatch“. Write an essay to substantiate   this saying, drawing illustrations from John Steinbeck’s The Pearl. (20 marks)

 

 

 

 

 

KAPSABET BOYS HIGH SCHOOL

FORM FOUR EXAMINATION NOVEMBER, 2020

ENGLISH

101/1 (Functional Skills)

2 Hours

  1. You are the secretary of the COVID-19 Awareness Club which was introduced in your school recently. The club has just held a meeting. Four members attended, one member informed the chairperson of his unavailability, and two members never turned up. The teacher on duty and the patron of the club also attended. During the meeting the issue of inviting a health worker was revisited. Members also discussed the following issues: purchase of masks for needy students, fumigation of dormitories and sensitizing other students on adherence to safety measures.

Write down the minutes of the meeting.                                                             (20marks)

  1. Read the passage below and fill in each blank space with an appropriate word. (10 marks)

In a culture that sings the praises of individual gold medals and where 1                                 person fights for rights instead of 2                                           on taking responsibility, people tend to lose sight of the big picture. 3                      fact, some people seem to believe that 4……………………………are the entire picture: Everything revolves around their needs, their goals and their 5                                  . I saw a message on their T-shirts that expresses the 6                            well: “My idea of a team is a whole lot of people doing what I tell them to do.” A team isn’t supposed to be a bunch of people being used as a tool 7                                               one individual for selfish gain. Members of a team must have mutually beneficial shared goals. They must be 8                                               to work together, not manipulated by someone for 9                                              glory. Anyone who is accustomed to pulling together people and using them to benefit only 10                                     isn’t a team builder; he’s a dictator.

Adapted from: The 17 Indisputable Laws of Teamwork, John C. Maxwell.

 

  1. (a) Study the poem below and answer the questions that follow:                                    (7 marks)

Within my temple there’s a crowd

There’s one that’s humble and there’s one that’s proud

There’s one that’s broken hearted for his sins

And one who unrepentant, sits and grins

There’s one who loves his neighbor as himself.

(Adapted from “Every day with Jesus” bySelwyn Hughes)

  • Describe the rhyme scheme in this poem and state what it does.       (3 marks)
  • Apart from rhyme, identify another feature that would make this poem easy to recite. (2 marks)
  • Identify any two words that you would stress in line four. Explain your answer.      (2 marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(b)  Read the story below and answer the questions that follows.                                      (5 marks)

A long time ago, there was a child who used to trouble his parents at night by crying. The mother tried to stop him from crying but in vain. Then, the mother warned the child and said, “If you don’t stop crying, I’ll throw you out to the wizard!” But the child kept on crying. When the mother could stand it no longer, she stood up and threw the child outside. Unfortunately, there was a wizard who was listening outside and picked the child up and ran with him. Suddenly, the father realized that the child’s cries were dying away. He stood up, took his panga and went after the wizard. When the wizard heard the footsteps following him, he quickly placed the child in the fork of a tree nearby and ran away. From that day, the child never cried again.

 

  • Illustrate any two features that show that this is an oral narrative.      (2 marks)
  • If you were performing this story, how would you say the words of the mother to the troublesome child? (2 marks)
  • If you were the story teller, how would you say the last sentence.     (1 mark)

(c) Classify the words below according to the sound of the ‘s’ letter in boldface. An example

of each of the sounds represented has been given.                                                                               (3 marks)

Bask                                          phase                                   vision

Wise                                          scale                                    advise

Prise                                          leisure                                 measure

Usual                                         dynasty                bass

/s/                                   /z/                                           /3/

Bask                                        phase                                   measure

 

 (d)  Your school Drama Club plans to present a play in the forth coming drama festival.

       They are having              a dress rehearsal for the rest of the school so as to get some feedback.

 

Give three things that the audience needs to pay attention to.                                        (3 marks)

(e)  For each of the following letters provide a word in which the letter is silent.                (5 marks)

  • c                                                                      
  • m                                                                   
  • d    ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                                                                  
  • s                                                                      
  • z                                                                   

(f)  The form four class has decided to watch a performance of Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House at the

Theatre in Eldoret. The class has sent two prefects to negotiate with the principal for permission and financial support. They will travel and be back on the same day.

 

Taking into account the principles of good negotiation skills, complete the following conversation by filling in the blank spaces.

Principal:    Come in please. Good morning Tom and Jack.

Tom and Jack:                                                                                                                                                      (1 mark)

Principal:    Well, what can I do for you?

Tom:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                (1mark)

Principal:    The school does not have a budget for this activity. So maybe you shouldn’t go.

Jack:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (1 mark)

Principal: Well, I’ll talk to your teacher of English separately. I can give you the school bus, but it seats only 40 and the two streams have a total of 80 students. There is need to hire another bus. Have you worked out the total budget?

Tom:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (1 mark)

Principal: You need Ksh. 8,000/= for lunch and Ksh. 6,000/= for hiring an extra bus. But don’t forget we  will need another Ksh. 3,000/= to fuel the school bus. This gives us a total of           Ksh. 17,000/=.  I don’t have that kind of money.

Jack:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (1 mark)

Principal:  Well, if you are going to buy your own lunch that leaves us with a balance ofKsh. 9,000. You really can’t do better than that?

Jack:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (1 mark).

Principal:    Okay, the matter is settled. The school is giving you Ksh.4,000. I will also give the teacher who will accompany you an imprest for lunch.

Tom and Jack:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            (1 mark)

  

  • KAPSABET HIGH SCHOOL MOCK EXAM, NOVEMBER 2020 1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:

One of the modern world’s intriguing sources of mystery has been aeroplanes vanishing in mid-flight. One of the more famous of these was the disappearance in 1937 of a pioneer woman aviator, Amelia Earhart. On the second last stage of an attempted round the world flight, she had radioed her position as she and her navigator searched desperately for their destination, a tiny island in the Pacific. The plane never arrived at Howland Island. Did it crash and sink after running out of fuel? It had been a long haul from New Guinea, a twenty hour flight covering some four thousand kilometres. Did Earhart have enough fuel to set down on some other island on her radioed course? Or did she end up somewhere else altogether? One fanciful theory had her being captured by the Japanese in the Marshall Islands and later executed as an American spy; another had her living out her days under an assumed name as a housewife in New Jersey. Seventy years after Earhart’s disappearance, ‘myth busters’ continue to search for her. She was the best-known American woman pilot in the world. People were tracking her flight with great interest when, suddenly, she vanished into thin air.

Aircraft had developed rapidly in sophistication after World War One, with the 1920s and 1930s marked by an aeronautical record setting frenzy. Conquest of the air had become a global obsession. While Earhart was making headlines with her solo flights, other aviators like high-altitude pioneer Wiley Post and industrialist Howard Hughes were grabbing some glory of their own. But only Earhart, the reserved tomboy from Kansas who disappeared three weeks shy of her 40th birthday, still grips the public imagination. Her disappearance has been the subject of at least fifty books, countless magazine and newspaper articles, and TV documentaries. It is seen by journalists as the last great American mystery. There are currently two main theories about Amelia Earhart’s fate. There were reports of distress calls from the Phoenix Islands made on Earhart’s radio frequency for days after she vanished. Some say the plane could have broadcast only if it were on land, not in the water. The Coast Guard and later the Navy, believing the distress calls were real, adjusted their searches, and newspapers at the time reported Earhart and her navigator were marooned on an island. No-one was able to trace the calls at the time, so whether Earhart was on land in the Phoenix Islands or there was a hoaxer in the Phoenix Islands using her radio remains a mystery. Others dismiss the radio calls as bogus and insist Earhart and her navigator ditched in the water. 3 An Earhart researcher, Elgen Long, claims that Earhart’s airplane ran out of gas within fifty-two miles of the island and is sitting somewhere in a 6,000-square-mile area, at a depth of 17,000 feet. At that depth, the fuselage would still be in shiny, pristine condition if ever anyone were able to locate it. It would not even be covered in a layer of silt. Those who subscribe to this explanation claim that fuel calculations, radio calls and other considerations all show that the plane plunged into the sea somewhere off Howland Island. Whatever the explanation, the prospect of finding the remains is unsettling to many. To recover skeletal remains or personal effects would be a grisly experience and an intrusion. They want to know where Amelia Earhart is, but that’s as far as they would like to go. As one investigator has put it, “I’m convinced that the mystery is part of what keeps us interested. In part, we remember her because she’s our favourite missing person.” Questions. a) What fascinates people in the world nowadays, according to the information in the first paragraph? (1 mark)

  1. b) What was Amelia Earhart’s nationality and in which year was she born? (2 marks).
  2. c) Why does the writer use rhetorical questions in the first paragraph? (2 marks)
  3. d) Why does the writer mention Howard Hughes and Wiley Post in the second paragraph? (2 marks)
  4. e) In note form, state three likely ways by which Amelia Earhart is thought to have disappeared. (4 marks)
  5. f) What proves that Amelia Earhart’s disappearance is truly interesting? (2 marks)
  6. g) Why is the fate of Amelia Earhart still fascinating to investigators? (3 marks) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
  7. h) Rewrite the sentence below to begin with the present participle clause. (1 mark) The Coast Guard and later the Navy, believing the distress calls were real, adjusted their searches, and newspapers at the time reported Earhart and her navigator were marooned on an island. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………
  • Give the passage an appropriate title. (1 mark)
  • Explain the meaning of the following expressions as used in the passage.(2 marks) (i) vanished into thin air……………………………………………………………….. (ii) hoaxer……………………………………………………………………………….
  1. Read the excerpt below and then answer the questions that follow: (25 marks)

By noon, Taiyo and Resian had packed their suitcases and they were on their way to their uncle’s home. They were most surprised by the warm reception that they received and when neighbours heard that Ole Kaelo’s daughters had come to live with their aunts, cousins and their other relatives, they streamed into Simiren’s homestead, and like that first day when they arrived into Nasila, there was a celebration mood in the air. They were greeted by so many cheerful people who shouted and hooted excitedly that they nearly got confused. This sharply contrasted with the gloomy atmosphere that they left behind in their home and for that they were appreciative. Seeing the hearty welcome, the girls wholeheartedly plunged into that life with adventure in their hearts. With renewed interests and fresh feeling of affinity, they observed life at Simiren’s home. Life and work in that home was communal. Although each mother had her house and cooked her own food, all grown up daughters helped each one of them, to bring in water, firewood, and assisted in the actual cooking. Those mothers who were incapacitated by pregnancy as two of them were at the time, received most help as the grown up daughters were posted to their houses nearly permanently. 6 The most senior mother of the house, yeiyo-botorr, could be said to have had patriarchal authority that neared that of Simiren, because she deputized him in the home. Whereas Simiren took care of the weightier matters of the family such as animal husbandry, trade and the sources of food, yeiyo-botorr took off his shoulders all matters of administration in the homestead. Hardly were there any disagreements on that front. When disputes arose, they were speedily and amicably settled. The girls were housed by yeiyo-kiti. It was in there that they slept on that first day when they arrived from Nakuru. They occupied the same bedroom and slept in the same comfortable and warm bed. They quickly bonded with her for they found her closer to them both in age and thinking. She was modern, judging by the standard of that home. They also found her amicable, kindhearted and understanding. It was joy staying in her house. It did not take long before Taiyo and Resian got used to the tempo of life in their uncle’s home. Within that short period, they had learnt quite a lot.

Questions

  1. a) State two main events before this excerpt that compelled Taiyo and Resian go to visit their uncle. (2 marks)
  2. b) Mention any three circumstances in Simiren’s home that lifted the girls’ spirits. (3 marks)
  3. c) In a paragraph of not more than 50 words, summarise the aspects of communal life in Nasila as evident in this excerpt. (4 marks)

Rough Copy

Fair copy

  1. d) From the first paragraph only, identify and explain how any two features of style are used. (6 marks
  2. e) What can we deduce or conclude about Simiren from the information in this excerpt? (3 marks)
  3. f) “…they had learned a lot.” What three matters had the girls learned, as revealed immediately after this excerpt? (3 marks) ……………………………………………………………………..………………………
  4. g) Rewrite the following sentence beginning with “ It was… (1mark) “They occupied the same bedroom and slept in the same comfortable and warm bed.”
  5. h) Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt. (3 marks)
  6. i) Affinity
  7. ii) incapacitated

iii) amicable…

  • Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow: 20 marks

Remains by Simon Armitage

On another occasion,

we get sent out

To tackle looters raiding a bank.

And one of them legs it up the road.

Probably armed, possibly not.

 

Well myself and somebody else and somebody else

Are all of the same mind,

So all three of us open fire

Three of a kind all letting fly, and I swear

I see every round as it rips through his life –

I see broad daylight on the other side.

So, we’ve hit this looter a dozen times

And he’s there on the ground, sort of inside out,

Pain itself, the image of agony.

One of my mates goes by

And tosses his guts back into his body.

Then he’s carted off in the back of a lorry.

 

End of story, except not really.

His blood-shadow stays on the street, and out on patrol

I walk right over it week after week.

Then I’m home on leave.

But I blink

And he bursts again through the doors of the bank.

Sleep, and he’s probably armed, possibly not.

Dream, and he’s torn apart by a dozen rounds.

And the drink and the drugs won’t flush him out –

He’s here in my head when I close my eyes,

dug in behind enemy lines,

not left for dead in some distant,

sun-stunned, sand-smothered land

or six-feet-under in desert sand,

but near to the knuckle, here and now,

his bloody life in my bloody hands. 10

Questions. a) What is this poem about? (3 marks)

  1. b) What can you infer from the title of the poem? (3 marks)
  2. c) The language in this poem is colloquial and slang. Explain the significance of using such language. (2 marks)
  3. d) Pick out a statement that shows the soldier has had to deal with such similar situations. (1 mark)
  4. e) Identify an example of repetition and explain its effect in the poem. (2 marks)
  5. f) Describe the speaker’s feelings about his actions in stanza 2 and 3. (3 marks) …
  6. g) Basing your answer on the last three stanzas, how is the speaker affected by his earlier actions in the poem? (3 marks)
  7. h) Explain the meaning of the following phrases as used in the poem: (3 marks)
  8. i) legs it up ………………..…………………………………………………………..
  9. ii) sort of inside out……………………………………………………………………..

iii) carted off..…………………………………………………………………………

  1. Grammar (15 marks)
  2. a) Use the correct form of the word in brackets to fill in the blanks. (4marks)
  3. i) The damage caused by the floods was so severe that it was……………………………………………………..……………(repair)
  4. ii) In rural Kenya, clean drinking water is a…………………………………(rare).

iii) I have……………………………………..(ring) this bell five times.

  1. iv) If I had studied something different in university, my life …………………………………………….(be) very different.
  1. Rewrite the following sentences as instructed (4 marks) i) Manchester United beat Liverpool at Old Trafford. (Rewrite in the passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………
  2. ii) He was absent from work for three days without permission. He wrote a rude letter to the manager.(Rewrite as one sentence beginning: Not only….) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…..……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

iii) ‘We have to set out early tomorrow if we are serious about getting back the same day,’one member suggested. (Rewrite in indirect speech) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. iv) Onyango regretted renting the house in that estate. (Begin: Onyango wished…………………………..) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………
  2. c) The sentence below has two meanings. Explain clearly the two different meanings. (2 marks) The Manager was anxious to please his customers as his staff.

(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………

(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. d) Fill each blank space in the following sentences with the correct preposition (3 marks) i) Sometimes it is quicker to go………………..foot than ……………….bus.
  2. ii) Sign your name …………….the dotted line …………the bottom of the page.

iii) There is something exciting ………………football. Throughout Kenya, football matches are played ……………………capacity crowds.

  1. e) Replace the words in italics with a phrasal verb which begins with the word in brackets to convey the same meaning. (2 marks)
  2. i) Good students constantly revise their work in preparation for the examination (go). ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………
  3. ii) Atieno is usually so smartly dressed that she is easy to notice in the midst of other girls (stand). ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………
  4. Imaginative composition (Compulsory) (20 marks)

Either

  1. a) Write a composition ending with the sentence: “I knew for sure that good upbringing is all that a child needs.”

Or

  1. b) Write a story to illustrate the saying: “Misfortunes never come singly”
  2. The compulsory Set Text (20 marks) Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

“Self-sacrifice and love is what is required for the sake of the family”. Using Nora in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, write an essay in support of the above statement.

3.The Optional Set Texts (20 marks) Answer any one of the following three questions

Either

  1. The Short Story, Moran (EL), Memories We Lost and Other Stories “Cancer may not be a terminal disease as most people take it to be.” Write an essay in support of the above statement drawing your illustrations from Rolf Schmid’s story, No Need to Lie.

Or

  1. b) Drama David Mulwa, Inheritance. Drawing illustrations from Mulwa’s Inheritance, write a composition on what Causes misery in leadership in Africa are those who are close to ruler. Or
  2. c) Novel John Steinbeck, The Pearl With close reference to Steinbeck’s The Pearl, write an essay on how superstition may sometimes affect the way people live their lives. 3

 

101/1 (Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education) Paper 1

INTERNAL MOCK EXAM

ENGLISH

(Functional skills)

Dec. 2020– 2 Hours

MARKING SCHEME

Instructions to candidates

  1. a) Write your Name, Index, Admission number and stream in the spaces provided above.
  2. b) Sign and write the examination date on the spaces provided above.
  3. c) Answer all the questions in this paper.
  4. d) All your answers must be written in the spaces provided in the question paper.
  5. e) Candidates should check the question paper to ascertain that all the pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.
  6. f) Candidates must answer the questions in English.

Page 2 of 5

  1. POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

 

  1. a) Heading. -H1

 

Expect the following:

– Nature of meeting (COVID-19).

– Time.

– Venue.

– Date.

 

  1. b) List of attendance.

 

Includes the following:

 

– Members present. ½

 

– Absent with Apology ½

– Absent ½

– In attendance. ½

– Agenda (optional).

– A list of items of agenda (N1 for correct numbering).

 

  1. c) Actual minutes.

– Preliminaries. *1

– Confirmation of minutes. *1

– Matters arising (invitation of a health worker) *1

 Discussion.                         ½

 Resolution. ½

– Purchase of masks.

 Discussion.                        ½

 Resolution.                        ½

– Fumigation of dormitories.

 Discussion. ½

 Resolution. ½

– Sensitization.

 Discussion. ½

 Resolution. ½

– AOB

– Adjournment.

– Provision for confirmation and signing (1 mark).

 

SYMBOL

– Heading H1

Page 3 of 5

– List of attendance A2

– Correct numbering N1

– Sequencing S1

– Provision for signing. PS1

– Content C6

– Language L8

 

Total 20 marks

CLOZE TEST (10 marks)

  1. a
  2. focusing
  3. In
  4. they
  5. desires
  6. attitude
  7. by
  8. motivated
  9. individual
  10. himself

 

3.a (i) aa bbc regular (2 marks)

– To enhance rhythm. (1 mark) for any one function.

– Creates musicality.

– Enhances memorability.

(ii) repetition of words and phrases.

– There’s one that’s …

– There’s one …

– And one

 

– Consonance – sits grins

– Assonance – sits grins his sins

– Alliteration – there’s that’s

– Metre – presence of strong and weak.

Stresses that produce rhythm.

– The lines are basically of the same length.

– The lines are simple and the language is not difficult.

– Award 2 marks for any one of the features, 1-mark identification, 1-mark illustration. Page 4 of 5 (iii) unrepentant, sits, grins (1 mark)

They are content words that carry the meaning, they bring out the rebellious or stubborn nature of the subject. (1 mark)

Award 1 mark for any two words and 1 mark for explanation.

  1. (i) – opening formulae- Along time ago. (2 marks)

– Closing formulae – from that day.

– Use of dialogue – “If you don’t stop crying….”

Award 2 marks, ½ mark for identification ½ mark for illustration.

(ii) The first part with a pause and a raised voice with a stern, serious facial expression.

– With a pointing gesture.

– The second part with a falling intonation.

 

1 mark for a verbal cue and 1 mark for a non-verbal cue.

(iii) With a pause in the first part, waving hand(s).

Say the second part in a falling intonation to indicate finality/ the end of the story.

  1. c) /s/ /z/ /3/ (3 marks)

scale wise usual

dynasty prise leisure

bass advise vision

NB: -If example appears in the answer circle them and do not award.

– Award 1 mark for three correct words.

– If 2 of the first 3 words are correct award ½ mark.

– Where more than 3 are listed draw a line and mark the first 3.

– If one word is correct no mark.

 

(d) – Voice projection/audibility. (3 marks)

– Clear articulation of words/enunciation.

– Clear pronunciation of words.

– Tempo/pace should be appropriate.

– Correct tone of voice.

– Appropriate facial expression.

– Right gestures accompanying the performance. Page 5 of 5

– The right accompaniments e.g. right props, proper costume.

– award 1 mark for each correct answer.

– Accept both verbal and non-verbal. If all 3 are verbal deny 1 mark and vice versa.

  1. i) c – scent, scene, scissors, crescent, descend, descent, disciple, fascinate, muscle, obscene, fluorescent, resuscitate, transcend.
  2. ii) m – mnemonic.

iii) d – badge, edge, handkerchief, handsome, bridge, ledger, sandwich, Wednesday grandmother.

  1. iv) s – aisle, debris, island, isle, patios, viscount, apropos, bourgeois.
  2. v) z – chez, rendezvous, laissez-faire. (5 marks)

NB: Award 1 mark for each correct word. The spelling must be correct. Other words with silent m are: mneme, mnemic, mnemonical, mnemonically, mnemonist, mnemotechnic, mnemotechnically, mniaceae.

  1. f) Tom and Jack: Good morning Sir. (1 mark)

Principal:

Tom: The form four class has sent us to you sir. They would like to watch a performance of

A Doll’s House at the theatre in Eldoret on 11th December. We need your

permission and financial support. (1mark)

Principal:

Jack: But sir, we feel that watching the performance will enhance our understanding of it. Our teacher of English has told us as much. (1mark)

Principal:

Tom: We have found out that hiring an extra bus would cost Ksh. 6,000/=. Our lunch will cost Ksh. 8, 000/= about Ksh. 100 per student. (1mark)

Principal:

Jack: Sir, the students are willing to pay for their own lunch. The performance is from 11:00am to 2:00pm. We should be back by 7:00pm for supper. (1mark)

Principal:

Jack: Well, maybe we can raise Ksh.5,000. Would that help? (1mark)

Principal:

Tom and Jack: Thank you sir. We will take back the good news. (1mark)

English Paper 101/2 Marking Guide

KAPSABET HIGH SCHOOL, November,2020 1 1.

Reading Comprehension (20 marks)

  1. The mystery surrounding airplanes/aeroplane vanishing mid-flight.√2
  2. She was an American/ She was a citizen of America√1 and was born in 1897√1
  3. The writer uses rhetorical questions to give credence/ credibility/reliability to the essence of mystery (of disappearance). √2 The writer wants to prove that indeed these disappearances are unresolved circumstances. √ The questions are used to recall/ recapture/recollect some of the theories so far advanced about the disappearance √ ( Any one point = 2 marks)
  4. The Writer mentions Hughes and Post as extra evidence/ examples/illustrations/ confirmation that the world had become obsessed with aviation/ that aviation fever had gripped the world (at that time). √2
  5. – she crashed on a remote island somewhere near her destination. √1 – her plane ran out of fuel and crashed into the sea. √1 – she crashed somewhere on Howland Island√1
  6. Her disappearance has been the interest/subject of at least fifty books, countless magazine and newspaper articles, and TV documentaries. √2
  7. She was a famous female aviator and adventurer √1 There are such conflicting theories about her disappearance. √1 She was so close to the end of her journey √1 She presents one of the twentieth century’s greatest unsolved mysteries. √ (Any three reasons, for 1 mark each)
  8. Believing the distress calls were real, the Coast Guard and later the Navy adjusted their searches, and newspapers at the time reported Earhart and her navigator were marooned on an island. (Observe all the rules and mechanics of grammar. If any missing = 0)
  9. Amelia Earhart’s last course/journey √1 Amelia Earhart’s disappearance/mystery (Accept a title based on her disappearance. Do not accept “Amelia Earhart’s”on its own. The title should not be more than 5 words)
  10. (i)…………………disappeared √1

(ii)……………..prankster/ joker/ trickster √1 English Paper 101/2 Marking Guide KAPSABET HIGH SCHOOL, November,2020 2 2.

Excerpt from Blossoms of the Savanna by H. Ole Kulet (25 Marks)

  1. a) There had been a near-rape incident and the girls were traumatized, thus they needed a change of environment.√1 There was pressure on Mama Milanoi to get the girls begin the rituals of circumcision yet she couldn’t handle the whole matter alone/ without the support of yeiyo-botorr. √1Their father had become so violent and the girls’ presence would make matters worse. √ (any 2 reasons = 2 marks)
  2. b) They were cheerfully/heartily received √1 There was anticipation of fun and adventure √1 The girls found peace/solace/closeness/kindness in the company of yeiyo-kiti.√1 There were many cousins, mothers and other relatives from whom they were happy to draw a lot of domestic and cultural knowledge √
  3. c) Visitors and relatives are received warmly/hospitably/by the family and community.√1a. Women’s duties are shared progressively in all houses.√1b. Women in confinement are preferentially/specially treated (as they have near permanent assistants) √1c. Administration of the homestead is in the hands of the first wife√1. Men take the responsibility of marshalling/organizing/consolidating property or providing economic needs of the home.√1e. Marking Instructions Count up to 50 words. Answer should be in continuous prose. If in note form, penalize by 50% at every correct point and affix N on the penalized mark. Penalize by a glimmer for a faulty expression once in a sentence.
  4. d) The use of a metaphor “…they streamed into Simiren’s homestead…” √1 neighbours came in large/ great/ huge numbers√1. This reinforces the strong cultural aspect of Nasila hospitality.√1 The use of reminiscence “…and like the first day when they arrived into Nasila.” √1. This is used to build the nostalgia in the girls’ experience.√1 the girls remember with fond memories how they were received, thus a repeat would be comforting√1 English Paper 101/2 Marking Guide KAPSABET HIGH SCHOOL, November,2020 3 The use of contrast “…This sharply contrasted with the gloomy atmosphere…behind”√1. They left home crestfallen/confused but they are now basking in bouts of joy √1. Contrast is used as a relief for the audience (and the girls) for they feel at ease after the tension at Ole Kaelo’s home√1.
  5. e) Simiren is polygamous√1 He has a vast estate/is enterprising, (according to Nasila standards.)√1 He is hospitable/ loves to host people/relatives in his home.√1 He loves peace.√1
  6. f) They learned about selflessness. They learned that to fit into their uncle’s home, one had to be selfless/ everything was shared√1 They learned cultural education/ the value system was handed down from one generation to another. They were enlightened about Minik-eneNkoitoi (Emakererei) and her success/ glad to learn that she was close to yeiyo-kiti√1
  7. g) It was the same bedroom that they occupied and the same comfortable and warm bed that they slept in.√1
  8. h) (i) closeness/ kinship/ family connection.√1 (ii) weakened.√1 (iii) friendly.√1 3.

Poetry (20 Marks)

  1. a) The poem is about a soldier √1remembering how he and his fellow soldiers collectively shot a looter. √1 It was their duty. √1 However, after he goes back home/ on leave, the images of the dead man keep disturbing him. √1 Sleep/drink/drugs cannot help get the images out √1leaving him distraught/distressed/ traumatized. √1 (Any 3 points) Or The poem is about trauma. √2Soldiers returning from war are affected by trauma/the horrific conflicts. √1 Much as they collectively depart on a national duty, privately/ individually they return with mental anguish/trauma/distress which they are forced to live with. √1 English Paper 101/2 Marking Guide KAPSABET HIGH SCHOOL, November,2020 4 (Identification of theme =2 marks. Any one illustration/ explanation= 1 mark)
  2. b) The title is ironic. √1 ‘Remains’ refers to the dead body of the looter who was shot and killed, √1 but also to the mental torment and guilt suffered by the soldier, which stays with him long after the period of action in the war zone. √1 (He ends the life of a looter yet he remains alive with horrifying/disturbing/distressing scars of that action.)
  3. c) This language is used to reflect the voice and outlook of an ordinary soldier/ police officer in the ranks. √2 / This brings the reader close to the man and his way of thinking. √2
  4. d) “on another occasion” √1
  5. e) “probably armed, possibly not” √1 This reveals the mental disturbance/ doubt/ anguish/ torment/ guilt that persona has to content with after his actions. √1
  6. f) The speaker feels unsympathetic/cold/ indifferent. √2He is bold/courageous and duty-bound/obliged/ obligated since he is under instructions to shoot. √1 /“Are all of the same mind, So all three of us open fire.” √1
  7. g) He is distraught/haunted/ troubled/disturbed / distressed by the killing √2 “He’s here in my head when I close my eyes”. √1 Or Whereas the shooting was done by him and others, he individually carries the sense of guilt/fault/blame √2“his bloody life in my bloody hands” √1
  8. h) (i) runs away/ takes to his heels √1 (ii) disemboweled/ dismembered/ mutilated/ disfigured √1 (iii) carried (away) √

1 4. Grammar (15 marks)

  1. (i) irreparable √1

(ii) rarity √1

(iii) rung √1

(iv) would have been √1

  1. (i) Liverpool were beaten by Manchester United at Old Trafford √1 English Paper 101/2 Marking Guide KAPSABET HIGH SCHOOL, November,2020 5

(ii) Not only was he absent from work for three days without permission but he also wrote a rude letter to the manager.√1

iii) One member suggested that they would have to set up early the following day if they were serious about getting back the same day. √1

(iv) Onyango wished he had not rented the house in that estate. √1

  1. (i) The manager was anxious to please his customers the same way he pleases his staff √1

(ii) The manager was anxious to please his customers because his customers are also his staff. √1

  1. (i) on…√½….by…√½

(ii) along/ on …√½.. at √½

(iii) about√½….to √½

  1. (i) go over/ go through √1

(ii) stands out √1

 

Page 1 of 7 101/3 (Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education) Paper 3 INTERNAL MOCK EXAM ENGLISH (Creative Composition and Essays Based on Set Texts) Dec. 2020– 2 ½ Hours MARKING SCHEME Instructions to candidates

  1. a) Write your Name, Index, Admission number and stream in the spaces provided above.
  2. b) Sign and write the examination date on the spaces provided above. c) Answer three questions only
  3. d)

Question one and two are compulsory. e) In question three choose only one of the optional texts you have prepared on.

  1. f) Where the candidate presents work on more than one optional text, only the first one to appear will be marked.
  2. g) Each of your essays must not exceed more than 450 words.
  3. h) Candidates should check the question paper to ascertain that all the pages are printed and that no questions are missing.
  4. i) Candidates should answer the questions in English. Page 2 of 7 1. Imaginative composition (Compulsory) (20 marks)

Either a) Write a composition ending with the sentence: “I knew for sure that good upbringing is all that a child needs.” Or

  1. Write a story to illustrate the saying: “Misfortunes never come singly” NOTE O1 – O5 D – No/Minimal communication 06 – 10 – C – Communication with difficulty 11 – 15 – B – Fluent/Competent 16 – 20 – A – Excellent/Captivating Ensure relevance. If no relevance deduct 4 marks AD 2.

The compulsory Set Text (20 marks) Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House Self-sacrifice and love is what is required for the sake of the family. Using Nora in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, write an essay in support of the above statement.

(i) Nora secretly, against all the legal odds, forges her father’s signature and borrows money to help treat her husband. She chooses to help her sick husband instead of her father. (pgs 13, 17-20, 36-41)

(ii) Nora tolerates Torvald’s decrees and condescension all the time for the sake of their family. (pgs 2, 3, 6, 20, 57, 61, 95-97, 102-120)

(iii)Nora must fight to hide her loan from her husband Torvald because she knows he would never bring himself to accept that a woman did all this for him. It would lower his self-worth. And so she work in secret to pay off her loan because he fears to embarrass her husband since it is illegal for a woman to secure a loan without her husband’s permission and therefore, with this she has to endure Krogstad’s blackmail.(pgs 12, 19- 21, 48, 72-76)

(iv)Nora keeps the family warm and protected for eight years despite her fears and tribulations.(pgs 13, 30-31, 49-51) Page 3 of 7

(v) Nora’s abandonment of her children is act of self-sacrifice. Despite her great love for them – manifested by her interaction with them and her great fear of corrupting them – she chooses to leave them. Nora truly believs that the nanny will be a better mother and that leaving her children is in their best interest. (103-120)

(vi)She struggles to repay the loan and its accruing interests from her parttime work and house savings. (pgs 13, 21-22)

(vii) Nora chooses to her husband over her father yet the latter’s condition seems worse as he is critically ill. She tells Mrs. Linde that did not want to bother her father with the bond. She therefore forged his signature. Her dies a few days a few days later, on 29th September. (pgs 19-22

3.) The Optional Set Texts (20 marks) Either a) The Short Story No Need to Lie Cancer may not be a terminal disease as most people take it to be. Write an essay in support of the above statement drawing your illustrations in Rolf Schmid’s story, No Need to Lie. Introduction In the story, No Need to Lie, Cancer, a disease which is perceived as fatal by many of its victims, may actually not be so as Rolf Schmid summons all in his power to defeat it, at its third and very dangerous stage. I. Rolf’s strong desire to see his family members, particularly his children grow up under his care, gives him the motivation and the strength to fight the disease successfully. (pgs 125, 126, 131, 132, 134, 135) II. He has an outstanding strong-will and optimism summoned and translated from his judo and other sporting experiences, which make him believe that he must conquer the disease and he does so with success at every stage. What makes Rolf survive the cancer onslaught is his will-power and sense of optimism. He convinces himself that he cannot allow himself to die, “I am too young to die,” he tells himself, “I have children, a wife, a business and a future. No, I am not going to die.” And he repeated this over and over in his mind. The sight of people who have lost their in the radiation scare him, yes but that does not dampen his spirit. He loses hair and weight and the pain is excruciating but his ardent inner personality keeps on reminding him not to give up. And he keeps on telling himself that he cannot die (pgs 125, 126, 127, 129, 134) III. Schmid succeeds because of his dedicated and genuine friends. Many fake friends abandon him but the few that remain with him become the Page 4 of 7 proverbial straw that he clings onto all the way to defeating the disease. “Although I lost several friends, I could still feel the support of few true friends, the honesty of their concern and vowed that I would not let them down.” (pgs 127, 128, 131, 134) IV. He ensures that he forces food down his throat despite the pain it causes him. Schmid gets to realize that the most important route to recovery from cancer is to eat and he ensures that despite the excruciating pain he feels in the course of eating, he does so with all the strength of will. (pgs 126 – 127) V. Schmid respects and follows doctor’s advice and readily apologizes when need be. Cancer treatment comes with devastating consequences like loss of weight as well hair from the head but Rolf faces it, as the doctor demands, with courage and goes through biopsy, radiotherapy and finalizes with the most dreaded chemotherapy. (pgs 123, 128, 131, 133, 134-135) VI. Schmid keeps his body strong with sporting activities even when even when his physical condition is traumatizing. Conclusion In conclusion, Rolf Schmid’s stubborn refusal to be defeated by cancer and his strength of mind and attitude makes him an example of how cancer is a disease that cad be fought successfully. b) Drama 3.

(b) Drawing illustrations from Mulwa’s Inheritance, write a composition on how what causes misery in leadership in Africa is those who are close to ruler. Introduction Our actions, whether premeditated or not, may have far reaching effects,not only on ourselves but also on those around us. In Inheritance, the actions of those with the reins of power have painful ramifications on the welfare of the citizens of Kutula I. Foreigners (through Bishop Menninger)assist Lacuna to eliminate his father, King Kutula XV, and to have him installed as the King with a promise for funding from the foreigners to modernise and to fast track the development of Kutula. When this is finally executed, Lacuna presides over wanton pilferage of the loans advanced to his country with his cronies while the citizens remain in abject poverty and depravity. P. 15, 29, 63, 65-66, 69, 83. II. The loan negotiators (Daniel and Robert) from foreign countries destroy the economy of Kutula. Lacuna fails to take charge of the Page 5 of 7 situation in his government and allows his cronies the latitude to loot and plunder Kutula’s young economy. The loans are borrowed in the name of the citizens ostensibly to better their lot but this doesn’t happen at all. There are no tangible projects to show for the colossal amounts that had come into the country. Conversely, Lacuna shamelessly negotiates for further funding to repay interest accruing on an outstanding loan which is also due. P.69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76. III. Lacuna agrees to restrictive and punitive policies imposed by the donors if only to secure funding to rescuing from the financial mess he finds himself in. He is misled by his advisors (Chipande and Malipoa) and believes that the cure for his quagmire lies in more borrowing.This further deepens his financial woes. As a result, he agrees to the privatisation of public entities, lowering of wages, withdrawal of subsidies, expansion of the economy to allow for foreign investment, the removal of control on prices among other punitive measures. It is the citizens that bear the brunt of this act of carelessness. P 772-73,75, 76- 77, 78 IV. Lulu’s confinement (Meshack the commander) at the palace is done against her will or knowledge and on very flimsy grounds of National rebirth. A lot of public resources are channelled towards making her feel comfortable while there. Her many protestations go unheeded causing her untold agony. Her mother is also bribed to buy her silence and agreement.Lulu want to be released from the detention from the camp to go back to her family and to attend her father’s second memorial. She also says that she is a subject of public ridicule over her ‘stay’ at the palace. P93-94, 118-121. V. Without consulting the residents, Lacuna accents to the plan to evacuate the residents (Chipande) of Bukelenge Valley to Samuka plains to create room for the construction of an inland lake to irrigate the vast basin feed the whole Africa. This was one of the preconditions for further funding in order to salvage the dwindling economic fortunes inKutula. It did not matter to Lacuna what effect this would haveon the lives of the populace at Biukelenge Valley. P74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 83, 84-85 Conclusion It is indeed true that actions borne out of carelessness and reckless decisions by leaders have profound impact on the welfare of the citizenry. Page 6 of 7

 

 

The novel Steinbeck, The Pearl With close reference to Steinbeck’s The Pearl, write an essay on how superstition may sometimes affect the way people live their lives.

  1. When Coyotito is in danger of being stung by the scorpion, Juana mutters an ancient magic incantation and then some Hail Marys to protect her son. The ancient, superstitious religion of the peasantry has been mixed with the Catholicism of the Western upper class. Juana appeals to native gods and the Western God, uncertain of which holds the true power. This mingling of a polytheistic religion with Roman Catholicism is common in native countries that are colonized. The natives combine the gods of their own religion with the figures of Catholicism. Elements of their original faith remain, such as incantations like the one Juana mutters.
  2. Juana prays that Kino will find a pearl so that they can have Coyotito’s scorpion sting treated by the doctor. She prays in an attempt to force from the gods the luck she and Kino need to take care of Coyotito. Finding a pearl of value is strictly luck. Pearls themselves are accidental, and finding a pearl is considered a gift from the gods or God.

III. When Kino finds the large shell, he is reluctant to open it first because he doesn’t want to show the gods or God that he wants the pearl so much. He believes that if he wants it too much, it won’t happen, and so he waits to open the shell.

  1. Kino worries that the gods will get revenge against him if he finds success. He knows that the gods hate when men plan for success, and now that Kino is making plans, he fears that something will come and rob him of this opportunity.
  2. Juana believes that the pearl is cursed because it has brought an intruder into their home. She warns Kino that it will destroy them all, including their son, if they don’t throw it back into the sea, but Kino won’t listen. His desire to use the pearl to educate his son and make a better life for his family is too strong. He ignores Juana’s warning and keeps the pearl.
  3. Juana still believes that the pearl is cursed, and she asks Kino to throw it back into the sea again, but he refuses. He insists that it is their only chance and he won’t give it up. Juana, however, knows that the pearl will only bring more evil and disaster to them, and decides she must take matters into her own hands, and get rid of the pearl.

VII. Juana decides that if Kino won’t get rid of the cursed pearl, she will. She takes the pearl and tries to throw it back into the sea to protect her family from any more danger, but Kino stops her. Her fear of the pearl is wellfounded; Kino beats her for trying to get rid of the pearl, further proving that the pearl is cursed and evil. It has made Kino attack and harm the one person he loves most.

VIII. Juan warns Kino that the pearl is cursed and that he must get rid of it to pass the evil on to someone else. He hopes that Kino can sell it soon so that the evil of the pearl will not destroy his family before Kino can rid himself of it. Page 7 of 7

  1. When Kino looks into the pearl and sees only the tragedies that have befallen his family, he begins to believe that the pearl is cursed, but he still cannot part with it.
  2. Kino and Juana throw the pearl back into the sea after Coyotito is killed by the trackers. The cursed pearl has brought about the death of their child and forced Kino to kill to survive and protect his family. The great pearl has brought nothing but misery to Kino and his family, and together they throw the cursed object back into the sea. As it sinks, the music of the pearl turns to a whisper and then disappears.

 

GOLDEN ELITE EXAMINTIONS 2020

Question 1

FUNCTIONAL WRITING(20 MARKS)

A friend has written to say that he will be traveling to another country via Kenya. He hopes that you can host him for a day in your house. However, something very important comes up the material day and you have to be away. You leave the key to your house with a neighbour who will give it to your visitor.

Write a letter to that friend explaining the situation. Also assist him prepare dinner in your absence.

Question 2

CLOZE TEST (10 MARKS)

The African business climate (1)………. unpredictable. Many contracts are difficult(2) ……….. enforce due to inefficient judiciary(3) ……….. high level corruption. Africa is(4)……………… by aid money from wealthy nations. To cover(5) ……..for this fact, developed countries media address the corruption issue by implying that African leadership is(6) ……..….. corrupt! Corruption is not an individual(7) …………….…. It is a process; a systematic issue that can only(8) ……… addressed by discouraging the incentive behind it. Part of the (9)………………. is the developed nation willingness to bank all the stolen(10) ……………..….. from Africa.

 

Question 3

ORAL SKILLS (30 MARKS)

  1. Read the following poem and then answer the questions that follow

Happy Baby

Her lips suckle the nipples

Milk bubbles, foams and ripples

Little hands up in the air

Catch on the mother’s hair

Sweet sensation rises in pressure

Tiny legs kick pleasure

Sleep comes gently and strong

Sleep whispers softly and long

  • Describe the rhyme scheme of the poem.                (2 Marks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  • Give and illustrate two oral features of style. (4 Marks)
  • Which two words would you stress in line 2, and why?            (2 Marks)

For each of the following words, construct two sentences to bring out the difference in meaning. Do not change the form of the word.                                                                                                                    (4 Marks)

  • Produce
  • Beat
  1. Suppose you are reciting a solo verse to a big audience, what problems are you likely to encounter?                   (3 Marks)
  2. Identify and underline the word that is pronounced different in each of the following set. (5 Marks)
  3. Sew Sue                Sow
  4. Hair Air         Heir
  5. Hard Heard            Herd
  6. Fort Forty             Fought
  7. Cause Coarse   Course
  8. Complete the following dialogue with the most suitable expressions. (10 Marks)

You just witnessed an accident. A matatu rammed into a lorry. Many passengers have been seriously injured.

Matatu driver:        Is there anyone here with a mobile phone? We have to call the police immediately.

You: ………………………………………………………………………………………………(1 Mark)

Matatu driver:        Can you please call the police station and inform them about theaccident?

You:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                                                                                                                   (1 Mark)

Police officer:        Yes. This is Pangani Police Station. Constable Mwania speaking. CanI help you?

You:          Yes please. There has been a terrible accident.

Police officer:        May I know who is calling please?

You:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                                                                                         (2 marks)

Police officer:        Where has the accident taken place?

You:          On Gen. Waruinge Street, at the bumps next to Pumwani SecondarySchool.

Police officer:        What happened?

You:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                                                                                                                   (3 Marks)

Police officer:        Really? Are there any casualties?

You:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                                                                                                                   (2 Marks)

Police officer:        Don’t worry, we will be there as soon as possible. Meanwhile, I will call the ambulance                             and also alert Kenyatta Hospital to be ready for casualties. Thank you very much master                                Leon for calling.

You: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                                                                                                            (1 Mark)

 

GOLDEN ELITE EXAMINTIONS 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

Mock Examinations

English

Paper 2

2½  Hours.

Turn Over

  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

 

At length the air began to grow grey with light, then swift golden arrows came slashing across the snow, and at last the glorious sun peeped up above the lava wall and looked upon – frozen forms and upon Vent Rogel, sitting there among us stone dead.  No wonder his back had felt cold, poor fellow. He had died when I heard him sigh, and was now almost frozen stiff.  Shocked beyond measure we dragged ourselves from the corpse (strange, the horror we all have of the companionship of a dead body), and left it still sitting there with its arms clasped round its knees.  By this time the sunlight was pouring its cold rays (for here they were cold) straight in at the mouth of the cave.  Suddenly I heard an exclamation of fear from someone, and turned my head down the cave.

 

And this is what I saw.  Sitting at the end of it, for it was more than twenty feet long, was another form, of which the head rested on the chest and the long arms hung down.  I stared at it, and saw that it too was a dead man, and what was more, a white man.

 

The others saw it too, and the sight proved too much for our shattered nerves, one and all we scrambled out of the cave as fast as our half-frozen limbs would allow.  Outside the cave, we halted, feeling rather foolish “I am going back’” said Sir Henry.  “Why?” asked Good.

 

“Because it has struck me that – what we saw – may be my brother.  This was a new idea, and we re-entered the cave to put it to the proof.  After the bright light outside, our eyes, weak as they were with staring at the snow, could not for a while pierce the glooms of the cave.  Presently however we grew accustomed to the semi-darkness, and advanced on the dead form, Sir Henry knelt down and peered into its face

 

“Thank God”, he said, with a sigh of relief, “it is not my brother”.  Then I went and looked.  The corpse was that of a tall man with aquiline features, grizzled hair, and a long black moustache, the skin was perfectly yellow, and stretched tightly over the bones.  Round the neck hung a yellow ivory crucifix.  The corpse was frozen perfectly stiff.

 

Who on earth can it be?  Said I.  “Can’t guess?”

asked Good.  I shook my head.  ‘Why, the old

Don Jose da Silvestra, of course who else?”

“Impossible, ‘ I gasped, “He died three hundred years ago,”

“And what is there to prevent his lasting for three hundred years in this atmosphere.  I should like to know?”  asked Good.  “If only the air is cold enough, flesh and blood will keep fresh forever, and Heaven knows it is cold enough here.  The sun never gets in here, no animal comes here to tear or destroy and no doubt his slave of whom he speaks on the map took off his clothes and left him.  He could not have buried him alone.  “Look here he wenton, stooping down and picking up a queer-shaped bone scraped at the end into a sharp point, “here is the “clef-bone” that he used to draw the map”.  We gazed astonished, for a moment forgetting our own miseries, at this extraordinary and, as it seemed to us, semi miraculous sight.

 

‘Ay’ said Sir Henry, and here is where he got his ink from, and he pointed to a small wound on the dead man’s left arm.

‘Did ever man see such a thing before?’

There was no longer any doubt about the matter, there he sat, the dead man, whose directions, written some ten generations ago, had led us to this spot.  There in my own hand was the rude pen with which he had written them, and there round his neck was the crucifix his dying lips had kissed.

 

Questions

 

  • From your reading of the passage how can you tell where the man spent the night                                                                               (2mks)
  • How can you tell that the writer had been together with Vent Rogel?                                                                                                             (2mks)
  • What caused the state of excitement or fear? (1mk)
  • What hindered them from rushing out fast? (2mks)
  • How according to the passage did the people know about the stare of the dead man                                                                               (2mks)
  • Identify and explain the significance of the figure of speech employed in paragraph one                                                                                              (3mks)

 

  • Did the man ever see such a thing before? (Re-write the sentence beginning).  He ………………..                                                                               (1mk)
  • Give one synonym for the word ‘directions’ as it is used in the passage.

(1mk)

  • What evidence in the passage suggests why the body of Dan Jose da Silvestra remained intact for ten generations? (2mks)

 

  • Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage                                                                                              (4mks)
  1. shattered nerves_______________________________________

 

  1. clasped______________________________________________

 

  • accustomed___________________________________________

 

  1. grizzled______________________________________________

 

 

BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH

Read the following excerpts and answer the questions that follow

 

Although Resian had a lot to complain and grumble about in life in their new environment, Taiyo found it tolerable. For instance, she gladly discovered that mornings in their new home began with a lively chatter of birds in the trees surrounding their house. That gave the home an atmosphere of tranquility and peace.

However, one of the unpleasant aspects that the girls had to live with was the constant violation of their privacy. In Nasila, they soon discovered, the home belonged to all the clan members. It was not an unusual thing to get up in the morning to find the

living room full of men and women who came early, not for any tangible business, but simply to share a sumptuous breakfast with their kith and kin. Taiyo and Resian were soon to get used to hearing an urgent knock at the door very early in the morning.

On opening, they would invariably be met by a grinning group of men or women who would unashamedly ask them what they were doing in bed that late in the morning. They would proceed to take seats in the living room and order them to serve them breakfast. When they got used to what at first, they considered negative aspects of the Nasila culture, Taiyo and Resian adjusted accordingly and soon they began to live harmoniously with the people. Their father was out of the homestead most of the time working at the shop and organizing other business matters. His absence meant the absence of his irksome and corrosive remarks that always heightened tension in the house. In his absence, the house was a continuous joy with comfort and conveniences, and the girls found it pleasurable to keep it clean and well-arranged.

 

Questions

  • What happens immediately after this extract? (5 marks)

 

  • Where had the family been living before and why did they move? (3 marks)

 

  • Give the character traits of the following:

Taiyo

 

The people of Nasila  (8 marks)

  • Discuss a theme implied in the extract. (3 marks)
  • Using the rest of the book, cite and explain one cultural aspect that had a life changing effect on the lives of the two girls (3mks)

 

  • Explain a stylistic device used in the extract. (2mks)

 

  • Taiyo and Resian adjusted accordingly? Add a question tag. (1mk)

 

  1. POETRY

Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow.

 

THE BREWING NIGHT

 

It was that memorable night when I heard it

 

Yes, I heard it all

That night sleep deserted me,

Mocked at me and tantalized me,

So I lay awake, sharp in all my senses.

It was long past midnight:

Time dragged on, the clock chime;

The dog wouldn’t bark, nor the baby cry;

It was a moonless and windless night;

The whole universe seemed to stagnate

In dark, dreary, dead slumber.

What was amiss? I knew not.

 

The dead quietness and solitude

Seemed to be eternal, but

Waves of babbling and muttering

Began to trickle through the streets;

A distant roaring of heavy trucks filled the air,

Hurried footsteps eroded through the street.

What was a miss? I knew not.

 

I pulled my curtain

And there I saw it all

Heavy boots thick uniforms and solid helmets

Dimly discernible under the pale street lamp

The atmosphere stood stiff and solid with

Brawny- faced and clenched –teeth determination

 

The night had pulsed with passion high and wild;

The streets were stained with new portraits framed;

The wheel changed hands and new plans were filed.

The morning saw the country strangely dresses

And everyone attended the rally.

To hear the eloquence from a strange face,

And everyone quietly nodded and said, ‘yes’

 

   (By Yusuf O. Kassam, in Poems from East Africa.)

 

Questions

 

(a) Explain what the poem is about.                                                                   (3 mks)

(b) In what ways was the night described in the poem peculiar? (2 mks)

(c) What was a miss? I knew not. (rewrite as one sentence beginning I

did……………)                                                                                                                    (2 mks)

(d) Paraphrase in one sentence what the persona saw when he or she pulled the curtain to see.                                                                         (1 mk)

(e)         What is the significance of stanza two?                            (3 mks)

(f)  Identify and explain any one personification in the poem.   (2 mks)

(g) Explain in your own words what happens in the last stanza. (5 mks)

(h) Explain the meaning of the title.                                                                     (2 mks)

 

  1. GRAMMAR

 

  • Fill in the blank spaces with most appropriate words   (3mks)

 

  1. My uncle, _____________ I am sure you remember, flew to

Britain yesterday.

  1. The Principal, ___________ is out at the moment, will see you

when he comes back.

  • ______________ of the students is brighter?

 

 

  • Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions after each.                                                                                  (2mks)

 

  1. He was the wisest man (Rewrite using “wiser”)

________________________________________________________________________

  1. There is no excuse for rudeness. (Rewrite to end with ‘exclusable’)

____________________________________________________________________

 

  • Fill in the blank spaces below with the correct form of the verb in brackets    (3mks)
  1. The team was __________________ for coming late (qualify)

 

  1. They were ____________ attacked by the gangsters (vicious)

 

  • The ___________________ of the matter brought the president to their county. (grave)

 

  • Use the correct collective nouns in the following sentences      (3mks)

 

  1. The evening party was beautiful by the __________ of colours.

 

  1. The guest of honour was given a ______________ of flowers.

 

  • She put a ___________________ of salt in her food.

 

(e)                Complete the sentences below by changing the verb in brackets, in each case, into the form indicated in the instructions after each.

 

  1. ____________ (lie) to your parents is a bad practice. (infinitive)

 

  1. John considers ______________ (work) very seriously. (gerund)

 

  • Farida expected ____________ find everyone settled. (infinitive)

 

  1. ________________(prefer) tilapia to mudfish is understandable in your circumstances (gerund)

 

 

GOLDEN ELITE EXAMINTIONS 2020

ENGLISH

PAPER 3

(CREATIVE WRITING AND ESSAYS BASED ON SET BOOKS)

 

  1. Imaginative composition (Compulsory)
  2. Write a composition to begin with the following: –

“Looking up the sky, I knew everything would be fine……………………”       (20mks)

       Or

  1. Write a composition ending with the following words: –

“….. That was the day I learnt the truth in the saying” life is not a bed of roses.” (20mks)

  1. A DOLL’S HOUSE

Women play key roles in the society but more often than not their roles are never recognized. Using illustrations from A Doll’s House support this assertion. (20mks)

  1. THE OPTIOANL SET TEXTS

   Answer any One of the following three questions.                                                (20 mks)

   EITHER

  • The Novel

   John Steinbeck, The Pearl.

Most people equate fortune to happiness which is not the case. Elucidate the truth of this statement drawing illustrations from the Pearl by John Steinbeck.

Or

  • The short story (20 mks)

   Memories We Lost and other stories

“An eye for an eye can only make the whole world blind” Paying close attention to Mariatu Kamara’s story The President, Show how true this assertion is.     OR

  • Drama               Inheritance, David Mulwa                                                         (20 mks)

“Lacuna represents the evil that bedevils our leaders” Write an eassy to justify this using inheritance by David Mulwa

GOLDEN ELITE EXAMINTIONS 2020

 

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

101 / 1

ENGLISH

PAPER 1

(FUNCTIONAL SKILLS)

MARKING SCHEME

 

Question 1

FUNCTIONAL WRITING(20 MARKS)

FRIENDLY LETTER

Format (6 Marks)

  • Address –      1 Mark
  • Date –      1 Mark
  • Salutation –      1 Mark
  • Complementary close i.e. Your friend –1 Mark

Signature             –1 Mark

Writers name      – 1 Mark

The body (9 Marks)

  • Introduction – 1 Mark (e.g. greetings)
  • Conclusion – 1 Mark (e.g. Apology)

 

The body should include the following information:

  • Reason for being away 1 Mark
  • Details on where and how to get the key. 2 Mark
  • What and how to prepare in brief (dinner)

What – 1 Mark

How – 3 Marks

 

Language (5 Marks)

A – Excellent, competent, apt vocabulary, appropriate tense, correct punctuation/spellings. (5 Marks)

B – Good, certain, candidate communicates with ease.                (4 Marks)

C – Average, candidate not at ease with language.                        (3 Marks)

D – Poor, broken language (1 – 2 Marks)

 

 

Question 2

CLOZE TEST (10 MARKS)

  1. is
  2. to
  3. and
  4. assisted/helped
  5. up
  6. very
  7. affair / issue
  8. be
  9. problems

 

Question 3

ORAL SKILLS (30 MARKS)

  1. poetry
  • Rhyme schemes – aabbccddÖ1 Mark

–  Regular Ö1 Mark   2 Marks

  • Features of style
  • Repetition – sleep
  • Alliteration – Sweet sensation
  • Onomatopoeia – bubbles
  • Personification – sleep comes gently

– sleep whispers softly

  • Rhyme – nipples and ripples

-Air and hair

-Pressure and pleasure

-Strong and long

(Mark any two identified and illustrated styles)

   1 Mark identification;1 mark illustration.

   No mark for illustration without identification.          2 x 2 = 4 marks.

 

  • Stressed words

Milk, bubbles, foams, ripples            (Any 2 words ½ each) – 1mark

Reason – they are content words.     1 Mark

 

  1. i) a) The produce was poor (noun)
  2. b) I will produce the book (verb) 1 Mark

or How man does produce!(verb)

  1. ii) a) I like the beat of that music (noun)      1 Mark
  2. b) I will beat you now (verb) 1 Mark

      NB the difference should come out for the candidate to score

 

  1. – Stage fright.
  • Not being audible.
  • Capturing the audience’s attention fully.
  • Maintaining eye contact.
  • Maintaining logical flow of ideas. (Any 3 x 1 = 3 Marks)

 

  1. (i) Saw.
  • 5 x 1 = 5 Marks

 

  1. Dialogue (10 Marks)

You: Yes. I do                1 Mark

You: Ok. Let me try      ½ mark

Hello ……………………½ mark

You: I am Leon; and eyewitness to the accident          1 Mark

You: There was a head on collision 1 mark. The matatu driver was trying to overtake a stationary lorry          before it rammed onto the on coming bus.                 2 Marks

You: Yes. (1 mark) Several people have sustained serious injuries, injuries      2 Marks

You: Welcome.             1 Mark

          (Accept any other relevant response)

GOLDEN ELITE EXAMINTIONS 2020

FORM 4

ENGLISH PAPER 2

TIME 2 HRS

 

  1. a) They had spent in the night in a cave, you can tell this by what the narrator says………………….. sun peeped above the lava wall pouring its cold…mouth of the cave

 

  1. b) He had heard him sigh

He had felt vent Rogels back and it had felt very cold

He was sitting there among them, stone dead

 

  1. c) Another dead body. This time of a white man

 

  1. d) There limbs were half frozen

They were in a cave and it was not possible to rush out

 

  1. e) The presence of the clef bone which he hold used the draw the map

The small wound on the dead man’s left arm

He had yellow/ivory crucifix round his neck

 

  1. f) Personification – by penny it cold rays

Golden arrows came slashing

Glorious sun peeped. The sun came up slowly cutting through the cold morning

Idiomatic expression–store dead – he had been dead for quite some time

  1. g) He had never seen such a thing before
  2. h) Guidelines

Instructions

 

  • – The cold
  • The sun never get into the cave
  • No animal ever got inside the cave

 

  1. j) Very shocked

Holding light

Got used

Partly grey

 

  1. a) The girls went ahead to mix with the women folk of the village. Many of the women folk had come to scout for spouses for their sons and husbands.
  2. b) They had been living in Nakuru. However, they had had to move to Nasila after their father was retrenched
  3. c) I) taiyo
  • Laidback did not complain all the time like Resian.
  • Appreciative liked the new environment, especially the pleasant morning with the chattering birds.
  1. ii) People of Nasila
  • Social— came to visit even at odd hours.
  • Conservative followed the culture of their people that dictated unlimited hospitality.
  • Friendly— called on the new arrivals regardless of the implied motives.
  1. d) Culture
  • People were firmly rooted in their culture. There were some aspects that were not very pleasant, but they stuck to
  • Also, they believed in sharing and visiting each other.
  1. e) Hospitality

The people believed in sharing what one had. That is why they found nothing wrong with visiting Taiyo and her family

  1. f) The cultural activity is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The two girls were looked down upon because they were

uncircumcised. There were even vagabonds who tried to rape them because they imagined that society would not

mind. Taiyo was later circumcised and ended up sick and had to be rescued by Minik

Description — the extract has a description of the early morning chatter. It also has a description of early morning calls by all sorts of people.

  1. G) Taiyo and Resian adjusted accordingly, didn’t they?

3 POETRY

  1. a) The poem is about a coup that takes place at night. At the end, it is indicated that he people have to reluctantly accept the change.
  2. b) The night was silent dark and strange the clock wouldn’t chime
  3. c) I did not know what was a miss
  4. d) The persona saw soldiers in heavy boots, thick uniform and solid helmets walking in a determined way along the streets

 

  1. e) Stanza two sees the mood of the poem. Things are act happening in the real way and this prepares the stage for what we find in stanza three
  2. f)
  3. g) The last stanza gives the preparation for the inauguration of the new leaders. A rally is held where the new leaders give their speeches and the people accept the leaders.

 

  1. h) Brewing might refers to the night when something unpleasant, in this case, the coup was hatched up.

 

  1. GRAMMAR
  2. a) i) Whom
  3. ii) Who

iii) Which

 

  1. b) i) No one was wiser than he
  2. ii) Rudeness is not excusable

 

  1. c) i) Dissatisfied
  2. ii) Viciously

iii) Gravity

  1. d) i) Kaleidoscope
  2. ii) Bouquet

iii) Pinch

  1. e) i) To lie
  2. ii) Working

iii) To find

  1. iv) Preferring

GOLDEN ELITE EXAMINTIONS 2020

ENG PP3

 

  • a) It must be a story

– Must begin with the given statement if not deduct (2 mks)

– The statement must be relevant to the story if not deduct up to (4 mks)

  1. The story must be illustrative of the saying

The candidate should be able to show in a story how thing(s) are not always good or easy in life. It could be something that could have resulted in a positive outcome but the struggle must be brought out. The meaning of the saying should come out in the story. Do not define or explain the saying

  1. Intended to test the candidate’s ability to communicate in writing. Communication is established at different levels of intelligibility, correctness, accuracy, fluency, pleasantness and originality. Within the constraints set by each question, it is the linguistic competence shown by the candidate that should carry most of the marks. Examiners should not hesitate to use the full range of marks for each essay. It is important to determine first how each essay communicates and in which category A, B, C or D it fits

Q2. Women play key roles in the society but more often than not their roles are never recognized. Using illustrations from A Doll’s House support this assertion.

Men and women play different roles in the society but more often than not, the roles of women are overlooked as they are only seen as home makers whose area of specialization is child bearing in addition to acting as husband pleasers. This makes men who are considered as providers to be more appreciated than women. However, the reality is that women too play great roles in the society.

Nora is a woman who plays a great role of saving her husband after his illness. The doctor recommends that they go south for some time so that Helmer can get better. The family has no resources to finance such a trip but Nora takes it upon herself to get a loan to finance the trip. Most people, Helmer included, assume that Nora got the money from her father

We see Nora struggling to repay the loan where she tries to save as much as possible from what is given to her by her husband for domestic upkeep. Even when she is asked what she would want as a Christmas present, she asks for money which makes Helmer conclude that she is a spendthrift. Mrs. Linde too considers Nora extravagant not knowing the sacrifices she makes to repay the loan. We learn that the previous Christmas, Nora had to lock herself in for days pretending to be doing some crotchetry when in reality she was doing some copying for people in order to get money to repay the loan. This shows that many people do not recognize her role in saving the husband’s life.

Mrs. Christine Linde is another woman who has played a major role in the well-being of her family yet no one seems to recognize this. We learn that she was forced to sacrifice her love for Krogstad who had nothing to offer her by marrying a rich man that she did not love. She did this so as to provide for her ailing mother and also to support her younger brothers.

After the death of her husband, she engages in odd jobs so as to support her mother and brothers and now that they are dead she feels the need to go slow on her struggles. Ironically people do not appreciate the sacrifice but rather judge her negatively as is insinuated by Norah when he asks her about her dead husband who left her nothing.

Hellen, the maid, is also portrayed as a woman who plays a great role in the society yet her role is not recognized and appreciated. We learn that she was Nora’s nanny who is now taking care of Nora’s own children. Ironically, she had to leave her daughter behind so as to take care of Nora. Bringing up someone else’s kid is a major sacrifice on her part and she even goes on to take care of Nora’s own children. She explains to Nora that she had to do it since she was needy and could not come over with her own child.

Nora, Mrs. Linde and Hellen are women who have played major roles especially in regard to providing for their families. Sadly, their roles are not appreciated by anyone. The society should stop looking down upon women and start appreciating the things they do for their families.

   Question 3.

  1. Kino expects the pearl to bring him happiness but this is not the case. Instead the pearl becomes a nightmare as illustrated:
  • It brings about physical injury to Kino as he attempts to fight off his enemies.
  • Murder – Kino kills four men to save the pearl
  • Violence – He hits his wife
  • Loss of property – His boat is destroyed and his house burnt down
  • Family conflict and turbulence in the once calm home.
  • Loss of their child Coyotito

(any other valid points)

 

  1. – There are deaths of people.
  • Injuries and torture of people. Hand cut off.
  • Displacement of people. Families end up in Canada
  • Begging in the streets in order to eat
  1. Tribalistic – Employment of the manager at the mines

Insensitive – Drives people from their homes to please the imperialist so as to get a loan.

Brutal       – Kills Zen Melo to coerce his daughter Lulu to marry him.

Detention – Locks Lulu in the palace and also imprisons Daniel Goldstein and Robert

Rollerstone

Embezzlement of funds – Lacuna deposits the loan he’s advanced in his own account and

gives the rest to his cronies               (Any other valid point)

  • Lacuna rules with an iron fist
  • Corruption
  • Nepotism
  • Extra-judicial killings
  • Oppression
  • Exploitation
  • Inhumanity
  • Inefficiency

 

 

LANJET CLUSTER JOINT EXAMINATION – 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

 

  1. FUNCTIONAL WRITING   (20 marks)

Imagine you are the principal at Kilimambogo Teachers Training College.  Lydia Moraa, a former employee at the college, has been invited to attend an interview at Rift Valley Institute of Technology.  The principal has written to you requesting that you provide information about Moraa’s; professionalism, inter-personal relationship, reliability, mastery and content delivery and her general conduct. Send this information to the principal via an email. Copy in, the chairperson of the board without the Principal knowing that the chair has the same information.

 

  1. Read the passage below and fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word. (10marks)

The world is fast hurtling 1__________ self-imposed isolation, with Denmark 2______________ Italy as the other European Nation 3__________________ quarantine. Indications show that 4______________ more countries will go down that 5 _________________ as the corona virus that caused Covid-19 spreads 6 _____________ the world.

 

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the Corona virus a global 7_______________ on Wednesday evening. WHO Director-General TendrosAdhanomGhebreyesus said 8______ a terse statement that this is the first time the world is battling a pandemic 9______________ as corona virus 10________________.

 

 (Adopted from the Daily Nation Friday, March 13, 2020 by Elizabeth Merab and NasiboKabale)

 

  1. ORAL SKILLS (30marks)

 

  1. Read the narrative below and answer the questions that follow.

THE BEAST WHO BOASTED

Once upon a time, an elephant, a lion, a fox and a peacock met at a pond in the forest. The Elephant began flapping his huge ears, looked down at the others from his great height and blew his trumpet.

“You have agreed that I am the strongest of all the Beasts”. With my tusks, I can tear through the thickest forest. Trees are like twigs to me” he trumpeted.

“You may be strong,” roared the lion, “but nothing compares to my bravery. It is because I am brave that I am the king of the forest.”

“Not at all. Brains are more important than bravery and more strength,” said the fox. “I live extremely well just by my wits.”

“To be able to crash through woods, or leap into thin air, or sneak into the chicken yard is worthless compared to beauty,” said the peacock. He demonstrated this by preening his colorful feathers in a dance. All this while, an ugly toad, whom no man had ever hunted, had been listening to the beasts bragging. “Men kill the elephant to make boxes and jewellary from the ivory of his tusks,” he said. “They hunt the lion and decorate their walls with his skin because his courage leads him to prey on their heard. Because he can find his way into the farmyard the fox’s far is used on the collar of a robe. The peacocks’ glorious blue gold feathers are used to make a fan for a lady. It is what you boast of that is indeed your downfall.”

(Adopted from Oral literature of Asians in East Africa by MubinaHassanali. Kirmani and SanaullahKirmani. Nairobi, East Africa Education Publisher 2002)

 

 

  1. Identify any three examples of onomatopoeia in this narrative. (3 marks)

………………………………………………………………………………………

 

  1. Which words would you particularly emphasize in the elephant’s speech?(2 mks)

………………………………………………………………………………………

 

How would you deliver the speech by the ugly toad? Explain.                   (3 mks)

………………………………………………………………………………………

 

  1. for each of the following words indicate the stressed syllable using a stress marker, so that it gives the meaning of the definition given after it. (4 marks)
  2. Re.fuse   -(rubbish/waste)
  3. Re.bel -(a person who fights against an established government)
  • De.sert -(To abandon)
  1. Pro.gress -(To advance or develop)
  2. Imagine you meet a stranger who is asking for direction to a neighboring school. Write the dialogue that took place between you and the stranger. You may use some or all of the following landmarks in your dialogue: a shopping center, a primary school, a church, an unfinished house, a water tank and a maize plantation. (6 marks)                                                                                              

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. In the following sets of words identify the underlined speech sound that is odd. (4 marks)
  2. Gene, Judge, June, Gore.
  3. Exhort, Exist, Exile, Exhibit.
  • Joy, Just, Gaoler, Gate.
  1. Ambush, Amass, Amoeba, Amaze.

 

  1. You have been appointed to a committee to interview candidates who have applied for the post of your school patron.
  2. What two things would you do before the date of the interview to ensure that you are well prepared?                                                                        (2mks)

………………………………………………………………………………………Apart from the interviewee’s oral presentations, what other two communicative competencies would you lookout for during the interview?                          (2mks)

………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Read the following telephone conversation between Mato and the secretary and then answer the questions that come after it.

Mato: I am Mato and want to speak with the manager.

Secretary: Why? What do you want with him?

Mato : That is none of your business. I want to speak with the manager now.

Secretary: He is not in. Say what you wanted and I will tell him.

Mato:  Why are you wasting my time? Tell him to call me.

Secretary: How will he reach you? What is your telephone…

(Phone is disconnected)

  1. Identify any four instance of lack of telephone conversations etiquette in the above conversation. (4marks)

 

 

PAPER 2

DECEMBER,  2020

TIME: 2 ½ HOURS

 

LANET JOINT EVALUATION EXAM 2020

 

 

 

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education(KCSE)

 

This paper consists of 8 printed pages. Candidates should check to ascertain that all pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.

 

 

1.Comprehension (20marks)

Read the passage below and then answer the questions that follow

People must be careful the kind of personal information they post on sites. It is difficult to imagine life in what seems like a century ago without the internet and the cell phone. Just how did we manage our lives before the age of instant communication at a fraction of the cost of the landline?

As a little child in 1960’s, I could not visualize what my teenage sons do with technology today.

 

Could I have even dreamt of a cell phone, a device that I could have taken to school with me and been able to chat with my friends wherever I was and whenever I wanted? You know the answer. However, today’s heaven of instant communication can easily turn into the hell of deadly sin. I mean quite literally.

 

Instant communication devices and portable entertainment products could of course be addictive to anybody, but such addiction can be particularly destructive to young people in school. They can distract students from homework and house chores. They can also damage ear drums. Think of the ubiquitous iPod which the youth equate to oxygen without which life is unsuitable!

 

I have even seen some grown men behaving like teenagers with iPods! Last year, a person was killed by a vehicle that spun out of control and hit him as he crossed the road somewhere in the United States. The footage showed clearly that the victim could have heard or seen the rogue vehicle had his ears not been plugged up to loud music.

 

While I do not want to sound like a Neanderthal, I nevertheless would like to reflect on the perils of this new gadgetry and technology. The first obvious point is that not all technology is good. Think of the A-Bomb for example, and you get my point.

 

I disagree with those who argue that it is not technology that is bad, but the users who misapply it. This is how some scientists justify their abdication of social responsibility. Thus we do not have to buy every little silly gadget that market puts out. Haven’t you noticed that the companies always time the release of these gadgets to Christmas, or some other consumer holiday? They surely know how to apply peer pressure and pit children against parents as a marketing tool. Sometimes I wonder whether capitalism can be any more devious!

 

To be sure I cannot gainsay the benefits of new technologies. The computer and the internet are without doubt the greatest inventions of our age. Information and knowledge that was inaccessible just several decades ago is now a click away even in the remotest village in the world. And it is all quite cheap. Access to information and knowledge is being democratized in a way that was unthinkable just a few decades ago. Think about the revolution of the cell phone for the individual communication and business transactions. Landlines are becoming virtually obsolete. It is this revolution that should lift millions out of poverty in the near future.

 

But these advances come with perilous clouds over them. I particularly, I want to focus on social networking sites and the dangers of the instant transmission of information and images. We have known for a long time that the internet is the new Wild West where everything goes.

Countries that are afraid of democracy and dissent, like China or Syria, limit, monitor, control, censure or deny access to the internet. They claim they must keep at bay pornography and sexual predators like pedophiles who troll the interment with demonic schemes. These are real problems, but do not think that censorship is the answer. Cyber surveillance by law enforcement and the prosecution of these malignant forces is the only effective and civilized response.

 

But individuals must themselves act responsibly. Ultimately, the pivot of any democracy responsible citizen action. This is where parents, civil society and the media come in. Take Face Book, the wildly popular social networking site, for example. Some of the things I have seen there are downright stupid, dangerous, malevolent or just plain crazy. Teenagers on these sites sometimes communicate with imposters bent on luring the naïve to a dead end. How many times have we seen reports of some 60-year-old pervert posing as a teen? Even scarier, how many times have we read about such rendezvous ending in a fatality? There are other less deadly, but very destructive dangers. Prospective employers are increasingly looking into social networking sites for personal information about applicants. Even some colleges are snooping around for information about prospective students. There are reports that some people have been rejected because of the personal information they posted to the sites. Such information has ranged from lurid pictures to abusive language.

 

This means that young folks must be very careful about posting intimate details including personal pictures and other personal data such as birth dates, personal ID numbers and home address on such sites. Such information about yourself can only hurt you if displayed for the entire world to see. Teenagers need to be particularly careful about the new fad of “sexting”. This is an epidemic in New York among teenagers. Teens and other young people are sending nude pictures of themselves to their friends or lovers. A large number of such pictures have been shared widely beyond the intended audience. In one case, a child whose nude pictures were revealed took her own life. It can cause untold grief.

Questions

1.Why not censor modern technology? (2mks)

2.What is the purpose of a cell-phone?(2mks)

3.make notes on the dangers of modern technology. (6mks)

4.What is the attitude of the author towards modern technology? (2mks)

 

 

5.How do scientists justify their innovations. (1mk)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6.What is implied by the expression “perilous clouds” (2mks)

 

7.Write the following sentence in indirect speech. (1mk)

I wonder whether capitalism can be more devious!

 

8.Explain the meaning of the following words; (4mks)

  1. i) Lurid

 

  1. ii) Pivot

iii) Sexting

 

  1. iv) Ubiquitous

2.Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow. (25 marks)

“Who? Not me,” Resian said vehemently “I don’t want to be a parent. At least not in the foreseeable future.

I want to study. When I’ll have obtained my degree, other peripheral matters such as a husband, children and such may be considered.”

They were walking back to the homestead talking animatedly when they were accosted by a tall heavyset young man with a thick dark beard and moustache. He wore a pair of faded jeans and a dirty blue shirt. On his face was a wide impudent grin. Taiyo glanced at the young man and looked away. She moved closer to Resian and nudged her to change direction. But the man walked directly to Taiyo. On seeing the man approaching, a heavy knobkerry in his hand, Resian almost fainted.

“Please do not harm us,” she pleaded. “We do not have any money with us.”

“Who told you I want any money?” the man jeered as he strode menacingly towards them. “Are you

not the intoiyenemengalanafrom Nakuru town?” he asked laughing contemptuously. “I want to have a good look at you and know what kind of stuff you are made of!” He roughly grabbed Taiyo’s arm.

“Leave my sister alone!” Resian hissed indignantly lifting her eyes and glaring into his. “Let go her arm at once!”

“Let go of my hand,” Taiyo demanded, trembling with anger. “We are not the kind of women you have in mind!”

“What women!” the man retorted acidly. “Soon, you will be able to differentiate decent women from intoiyenemengalana.”

Taiyo tried to wrestle her arm from the man’s grip without success. But suddenly, he seemed to change

his mind. With a sour smile, he spat and glared at the girls. Then, releasing Taiyo’s hand, he told them: “You have not seen the last of me. Soon you will come to know that there is no place in our society for women of your ilk.” He turned and disappeared down the road as suddenly as he had appeared.

The two girls sighed heavily and shook their heads as they watched him walk away. Although they had put up brave faces, they were terribly shaken.

“Thank God his intention was not to rape us,” Resian said tears streaming down her face. “We would have been helpless in the hands of such a brute.”

Taiyo bit her lower lip struggling to maintain control. “His intention could have been worse than rape,” she said, tears of anger and indignation welling up in her eyes.

They quickened their steps to their uncle’s home. True, the incident had taken the sparkle from the day that had begun so joyfully, but they reasoned that it could have been worse.

The girls debated as to whether to inform their parents of the ordeal. They knew their mother would understand and empathize with them. But judging from past experience, their father would be less supportive. He would blame them for having dared venture into an unknown territory without his approval. Finally, they decided to keep the incident to themselves.

  • Briefly discuss the events leading to Resian’s question “Who?” in the excerpt. (3marks)
  • “Thank God his intention was not to rape us,” Resian said tears streaming down her face. “We would have been helpless in the hands of such a brute.” (Rewrite as a reported speech) (1mark)
  • Describe two similar traits demonstrated by both Resian and Taiyo in the excerpt. (6marks)

 

  • Discuss two stylistic devices used by the author in the excerpt. (4marks)
  • Highlight and illustrate two themes presented in the excerpt.(4marks)
  • “But judging from past experience, their father would be less supportive.” Point out two incidences in which the father shows less support to his daughters from what happens in the rest of the novel. (2marks)
  • What happens immediately after this excerpt? (2marks)
  • Give the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt. (3marks)
  1. vehemently…………..
  2. accosted………………

 

iii .ilk…………………….

 

  1. Read the poem below and answer the questions below 20marks)

Advice to my son

The trick is, to live your days

as if each one may be your last

(for they go fast, and young men lose their lives

in strange and unimaginable ways)

but at the same time, plan long range

(for they go slow: if you survive

the shattered windshield and burning shell

you will arrive

at our approximation here below

or heaven or hell)

 

To be specific, between the peony and the rose

Plant, squash and spinach, turnips and tomatoes;

beauty in nectar

and nectar, in desert saves

but the stomach craves stronger sustenance

than the homed vine.

therefore, marry a pretty girl

after seeing her mother;

speak truth to one man,

work with another;

and always, serve bread with your wine.

But son,

Always serve wine

(Peter Meinke)

 

  1. a) Who is the speaker in the poem. Illustrate your answer. 2marks

 

  1. b) In what circumstances do many young people die? Illustrate your answer from the poem. 4marks

 

  1. c) What do heaven and hell symbolize? 2marks
  2. d) Identify items in the poem that represent life’s necessities on one hand and life’s luxuries on the other. 2marks
  3. e) Identify and illustrate the use of the paradox in the poem. 3marks
  4. f) What does the persona mean by ‘marry a pretty girl after seeing the mother?” 2marks
  5. g) The stomach craves stronger sustenance. (Rewrite using (What”) 1mark
  6. h) Give two meanings of each of the following words. 2marks

-Last……..

 

-Fast……….

 

  1. i) Give the meaning of the last two lines. 2mark

4. GRAMMAR (15MKS)

a) Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given (6mks)

  1. i) He will not be given a driving license. He passes the road test (Rewrite as one using‘unless’)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

ii)The woman left the child with a neighbor and went to the market. (Begin: leaving….)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

iii)The boys went to play in the field (underline the adverbial)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

iv)He said that he had not insulted me. (Use: ‘denied’)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………… e) Write the following sentence in indirect speech(1mk)

“These are juicy mangoes,” Ken said.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. f) You do not require to cheat to pass (1mk) (Supply a suitable question tag)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. b) Supply the correct preposition to complete the sentences given. (3mks)
    1. Property worth millions of shillings went up ……………………. flames.

 

  1. The three boys shared the bread ………………………………themselves.

 

  • We should strive to live …………………………………our means.

 

  1. Use the correct form of the word in brackets to fill in the blank spaces in the sentences below.(3mks)
  2. The audience was offended by the ……………………….………. (sense) of the speaker.

 

ii.The ………………………………(acquire) of a university degree is a great milestone to a student.

 

iii)Everyone should obey the law ………………. (regard) of their position in the society.

 

d)Use the correct alternative to complete the sentences below (3mks)

i.Teaching ……………………………(practice/practice) is not an easy job for teacher trainees.

 

ii.The prophet’s ……………………………. (prophesy/prophecy) was misleading to his audience.

 

iii.He ……………………………………. ((insured/ensured) his car with Madison.

 

 

 

 

 

101/3

ENGLISH

PAPER 3

LANJET CLUSTER JOINT EXAMINATION – 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

  1. Imaginative Composition (Compulsory)

 

Either

  • Write a story that ends with the following sentence.

I never believed that I would see Kisali again.

 

Or

  • Write a composition explaining what Kenyan youths can do to help in the fight against corruption.

 

  1. The Compulsory Set Text

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

“Appearances are often misleading.” Validate this statement basing your illustrations from Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House.

 

  1. The Optional Set Texts

Answer any one of the following three questions.

Either

  • The Short Story

Memories We Lost and Other Stories’

Using Leo Tolstoy’s story “How Much Land Does Man Need,” write an essay to prove that “He who wants all loses all.”

Or

  • Drama

David Mulwa, Inheritance

The peace, stability and growth of a nation is dependent on the people in leadership. Write an essay in support of this assertion using illustrations from Inheritance.

Or

  • The Novel

John Steinbeck, The Pearl

Kino was never meant to be rich. Discuss using The Pearl as basis for your argument.

LANJET JOINT EVALUATION EXAMINATION

DECEMBER, 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

ENGLISH

Paper 1

 MARKING SCHEME

TIME: 2 HOURS

 

  1. FUNCTIONAL WRITING (20marks) 

Imagine you are the principal at Kilimambogo Teachers Training College.  Lydia Moraa, a former employee at the college, has been invited to attend an interview at Rift Valley Institute of Technology.  The principal has written to you requesting that you provide information about Moraa’s; professionalism, inter-personal relationship, reliability, mastery and content delivery and her general conduct. Send this information to the principal via an email. Copy in, the chairperson of the board without the Principal knowing that the chair has the same information.

E-Mail format

FROM:

DATE:

TO:

Bc:

Attachment: Confidential Report

SUBJECT: [should be in uppercase and underlined]

SALUTAION [should be formal]

INTRODUCTION [must be short and straightforward no greetings are allowed]

CLOSING REMARKS {Do not award mark if the candidate appends signature here}

LANGUAGE [ Should be simple and straightforward]

 

Confidential Report

Sender’s address

Date

Receiver’s address

Salution

Re:

Content: Professionalism, inter personal relationship, reliability, mastery and content delivery and general conduct.

Valediction: accept either Yours sincerely/faithfully, sign then name in full.

N/B: Accept both formats

 

2.Read the passage below and fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word.           (10marks)

The world is fast hurtling 1__________ self-imposed isolation, with Denmark 2______________ Italy as the other European Nation 3__________________ quarantine. Indications show that 4______________ more countries will go down that 5 _________________ as the corona virus that caused Covid-19 spreads 6 ________________ the world.

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the Corona virus a global 7_______________ on Wednesday evening. WHO Director-General TendrosAdhanomGhebreyesus said in a terse 8_______________ that this is the first time the world is battling a pandemic 9______________ as corona virus 9________________.

 (Adopted from the Daily Nation. Friday. March 13, 2020. By Elizabeth Merab and NasiboKabale)

-towards

-joining

-under

-many

-path

-across

-pandemic

-statement

-such

-infection/pandemic

 

  1. ORAL SKILLS (30marks)
  2. Read the narrative below and answer the questions that follow.

THE BEAST WHO BOASTED

Once upon a time, an elephant, a lion, a fox and a peacock met at a pond in the forest. The Elephant began flapping his huge ears, looked down at the others from his great height and blew his trumpet.

“You have agreed that I am the strongest of all the Beasts”. With my tusks, I can tear through the thickest forest. Trees are like twigs to me” he trumpeted.

“You may be strong,” roared the lion, “but nothing compares to my bravery. It is because I am brave that I am the king of the forest.”

“Not at all. Brains are more important than bravery and more strength,” said the fox. “I live extremely well just by my wits.”

“To be able to crash through woods, or leap into thin air, or sneak into the chicken yard is worthless compared to beauty,” said the peacock. He demonstrated this by preening his colourful feathers in a dance. All this while, an ugly toad, whom no man had ever hunted, had been listening to the beasts bragging. “Men kill the elephant to make boxes and jewellary from the ivory of his tusks,” he said. “They hunt the lion and decorate their walls with his skin because his courage leads him to prey on their heard. Because he can find his way into the farmyard the fox’s far is used on the collar of a robe. The peacocks’ glorious blue gold feathers are used to make a fan for a lady. It is what you boast of that is indeed your downfall.”

 

(Adopted from Oral literature of Asians in East Africa by MubinaHassanali. Kirmani and SanaullahKirmani. Nairobi, East Africa Education Publisher 2002)

 

  • Identify any three examples of onomatopoeia in this narrative. (3 marks)

Flapping, blew, roared, crash, leap

 

  1. Which words would you particularly emphasize in the elephant’s speech? (2 marks)

Strongest, tear, through.  Content words

  1. How would you deliver the speech by the ugly toad? Explain. (3 marks)

Accept verbal and non-verbal presentations with appropriate explanation.

Tonal variation

Gestures, body movement, [should be specific]

Intonation/stress

Dramatization

mimicry

  1. for each of the following words indicate the stressed syllable using a stress marker, so that it gives the meaning of the definition given after it. (4 marks)
  2. ‘Re.fuse -rubbish/waste
  3. ‘Re.bel -a person who fights against an established government
  • De.’sert -to abandon
  • Pro.’gress -To advance or develop
  1. Imagine you meet a stranger who is asking for direction to a neighboring school. Write the dialogue that took place between you and the stranger. You may use some or all of the following landmarks in your dialogue: a shopping center, a primary school, a church, an unfinished house, a water tank and a maize plantation. (6 marks)

Ensure that the student has followed instructions given.

The dialogue should have at least six exchanges.

There should be rapport at the beginning of the dialogue.

The dialogue should be properly punctuated.

The student should observe etiquette.

Student can use compass directions, distance, turnings either left or right.

Use simple language.

  1. In the following sets of words identify the underlined speech sound that is odd. (4 marks)
  2. Gene, Judge, June, Gore. -Gore
  3. Exhort, Exist, Exile, Exhibit. -Exile
  • Joy, Just, Gaoler, Gate. -Gate
  • Ambush, Amass, Amoeba, Amaze. -Ambush
  1. You have been appointed to a committee to interview candidates who have applied for the post of your school patron.
  2. What two things would you do before the date of the interview to ensure that you are well prepared?                                                                                                      (2mks)

Go through the applicant’s documents.

Choose an appropriate venue for the interview.

Properly groom.

Write the interview questions.

Any other two.

  • Apart from the interviewee’s oral presentations, what other two communicative competencies would you lookout for during the interview?               (2mks)

Facial expressions

Grooming

Sitting postures

Arrangement of documents

Eye contact

Any other two.

  1. Read the following telephone conversation between Mato and the secretary and then answer the questions that come after it.

Mato: I am Mato and want to speak with the manager.

Secretary: Why? What do you want with him?

Mato : That is none of your business. I want to speak with the manager now.

Secretary: He is not in. Say what you wanted and I will tell him.

Mato:  Why are you wasting my time? Tell him to call me.

Secretary: How will he reach you? What is your telephone…

(Phone is disconnected)

  1. Identify any four instance of lack of telephone conversations etiquette. (4marks)

No salutation-at the beginning of the conversation. Eg ‘Hallo….?

Mato’s Second response is rude – ‘that is none of your business’.

 He demands instead of requesting –second response ‘I want to speak with the manager now’.

Mato disconnects the call before the exchange is over.

Accept any other shortcoming

 

LANJET JOINT EVALUATION EXAMINATION

DECEMBER, 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

ENGLISH

Paper 2

  

  1. COMPREHENSION

 

1.Why not censor modern technology?

Censorship is not an effective solution as people device a way of getting access to information.  Secondly it is proper to allow people access to information.

2.What is the purpose of a cell-phone?

A cell phone is used to communicate, it allows instant communication anywhere and at any time

3.make notes on the dangers of modern technology.

-It can be addictive

-It distracts students from chores

-It exposes people to pornography

-It damages ear drums

-It exposes incriminating information

-It ruins reputation.

(MUST BE IN NOTE FORM, IF NOT DEDUCT 2 MARKS)

 

4.What is the attitude of the author towards modern technology?

The author is critical of the modern technology. He looks at both the good and bad sides of technology.

The author is disapproving

5.How do scientists justify their innovations?

Scientists claim the problem is not with the innovation but with the users

 

6.What is implied by the expression “perilous clouds”

Dangerous implications

 

  1. Write the following in indirect speech “I wonder whether capitalism can be more devious!”

She/he wondered whether capitalism could be more devious

 

8.Explain the meaning of the following words;(4mks)

  1. i) Lurid…. involving sex or violence in a way that is shocking
  2. ii) Pivot…. central role

iii) Sexting…. sending of sexually explicit messages or images by cell phone

  1. iv) Ubiquitous…being seen everywhere

 

 

  1. EXCERPT

 

  • Briefly discuss the events leading to Resian’s question “Who?” in the excerpt. (5marks)
  • Resian observes that there is rivalry in their uncle’s four houses.
  1. Taiyo rebukes her sister for thinking so.
  • Resian also observes that her two aunts are expectant and thinks at that rate there would be many children born.
  1. Taiyo says a parent can have as many children as they can.
  2. Taiyo then tells her that when Resian’s time comes she will have children.
  • “Thank God his intention was not to rape us,” Resian said tears streaming down her face. “We would have been helpless in the hands of such a brute.”

Rewrite as a reported speech               (1mark)

Resian said with tears streaming down her face that they should thank God that his intention was not to rape them and that they would have been helpless in the hands of such a brute.

  • Describe two similar traits demonstrated by both Resian Taiyo in the excerpt.(4marks)
  • Bold/ Daring. Boldly demand the young man carrying knobkerrie to let go Taiyo’s hands.
  • Both girls understand that their father would not empathize with them unlike their mother.
  • Discuss two stylistic devices used by the author in the excerpt. (4marks)
  • Local dialect.
  • Dialogue

(ACCEPT ANY OTHER PLAUSIBLE ANSWER WITH ILLUSTRATIONS)

  • Highlight two themes presented in the excerpt. (4marks)

-Female assertiveness. Both Resian and Taiyo are bold enough to confront the man with knobkerrie.

-Determination. Resian is determined to study and obtain her degree.

(ACCEPT ANY OTHER PLAUSIBLE ANSWER WITH ILLUSTRATIONS)

(f)“But judging from past experience, their father would be less supportive.” Point out two incidences in which the father shows less support to his daughters from what happens in the rest of the novel. (2marks)

  • He stubbornly denies his daughters a chance to study at the university.
  • He denies Taiyo permission to travel to Mombasa with other young men and women to attend an extravaganza
  • What happens immediately after this excerpt? (2marks)
  • Resian’s father finishes supervising the offloading of the furniture and other things into the house.
  • He sets out pay his old friend a visit.
  • Give the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt. (3marks)
  1. Vehemently……. passionately/ fervently
  2. Accosted……. confronted/ approached
  • Ilk………type

 

  1. POETRY
  2. a) A parent √1- says ‘but son.’√1

 

b)–motor accidents√1- allude to windshield √1 (belongs to a car)                                                            -war√ 1 – bursting shell √ 1 (after explosion of bombs)

c)Heaven- good/ positive experiences in life

hell- horrible things we may encounter.

 

d)Spinach √ ½ turnips ½ desert√ ½ tomatoes√ ½ squash√ ½ and bread√ ½ (food) -necessities

Peony√ ½ nectar√ ½ wine√ ½ and rose√ ½ -luxuries

e)He advises the son on one hand to live each day to the fullest as if were his last and on the other hand he advises him to plan for future.

 

f)Don’t be deceived by the appearances, later on things could change. Know her (pretty girl) background before marrying her.

 

g)What the stomach craves is stronger sustenance

 

h)Last- endure/ stay for long time                                                                                                                   -past or previously

fast- to forgo food

-to move quickly

 

i)The son is advised to have fun/ luxurious life / have time for pleasure

  1. GRAMMAR

 

  1. i) He will not be given a driving license unless he passes the road test. / Unless he passes the road test, he will not be given a driving license.(if a student begins with unless, he should have the comma. If not award no mark)

ii)Leaving the child with a neighbor, the woman went to the market.

iii)In the field

iv)He denied insulting me

  1. v) Ken said that those were juicy mangoes.

vi)You do not require to cheat to pass, do you? (Award no mark for wrong punctuation)

 

  1. i) In

ii)among

iii)within

 

 

  1. i) Insensibility

ii)acquisition

 

iii)regardless

 

  1. i)Practice

ii)prophesy

iii)insure

LANJET JOINT EVALUATION EXAMINATION

DECEMBER, 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

ENGLISH

Paper 3

TIME: 2½ HOURS

 

  1. IMAGINATIVE COMPOSITION

 

(a) POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

  • Expect a story, if not deduct 4 marks AD.
  • Must end with the given sentence, in the last paragraph, if not deduct 2 marks AD.
  • The story should show the candidates interaction with Kisali before their separation and at last they reunite.
  • Should not exceed 450 words, if it does deduct 2 marks AD.
  • Give preference to linguistic competence.

 

(b) POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

  • Expect an explanatory composition. If it is not explanatory deduct 4 marks AD for irrelevance.
  • The candidate should be able to satisfactorily explain his arguments.
  • Deduct 2 marks if length is more than 2 A4 pages.

POSSIBLE ANSWERS

  • Create awareness about the nature and forms of corruption.
  • Desist from involving themselves in corruption.
  • Act as whistle blowers by reporting corruption cases.

 

 

TABLE OF CATEGORIZATION

D  CLASS (01-05)

The candidate either does not communicate at all or his language ability is so minimal that the examiner practically has to guess what the candidate wants to communicate. The candidate fails to fit English words he knows into meaningful sentences.

The subject is glanced at or distorted. Practically no valid punctuation. All kinds of errors are “Broken English.”.

 

D- (01-01) Chaotic.  Little meaning whatsoever. Question paper or some words from it simply copied.

D (03) Flow of thought almost impossible to follow. The errors are continuous.

D+ (04-05) Although English is often broken and the essay is full of errors of all types one can at least guess what the candidate wants to communicate.

 

C CLASS (06-10) – Generally, there is difficulty in communication.

The candidate communicates understandably but only more or less clearly. He/she is not confident with their language. The language is often undeveloped. There may be some digressions. Unnecessary repetitions are frequent. The arrangement is weak and the flow is jerky. There is no economy of language mother tongue influence is felt in spelling; there is direct translation.

 

C- (06-07) The candidate obviously finds it difficult to communicate his ideas. He is seriously hampered by his very limited knowledge of the language structure and vocabulary.  This results in many gross errors of agreement, spelling, misuse of prepositions, tenses, verb agreement and sentence construction.

 

C 08 The candidate communicates but not with consistent clarity. His linguistic abilities being very limited, he cannot avoid frequent errors in sentence structure. There is little variety or originality. Very bookish English. Links are weak, incorrect and at times repeated.

C+ (09-10) The candidates communicates clearly but in the flat and uncertain manner. Simple concepts and sentences are often strained. There may be an overuse of clinches or unsuitable idioms. Proverbs are misquoted or misinterpreted. The flow is still jerky. There are some errors of agreement, tenses and spelling.

 

B CLASS (11-15) Generally, there is fluency in communications

This class is characterized by greater fluency and ease of expression. The candidate demonstrates that he/she can use English as a normal way expressing himself. Sentences are varied and usually well constructed. Some candidates become ambitious and even over ambitious i.e the candidate may use too much vocabulary in an effort to impress. There may be items of merit of the one word or one’s expression types. Many essays in this category may be just clean and unassuming but they still show that the candidate is at ease with the language.

 

B (11-12) The candidates communicates fairly and with some fluency. There may be little variety in sentence structure gross errors are occasional.

B 13 The sentences are varied but rather simple and straight forward. The candidate does not strain himself in an effort to impress. There is a fair range of vocabulary and idiom. Some items or merit, economy of language. The candidate seems to express themselves naturally and effortlessly.

B+ (14-15) The candidate communicates his ideas pleasantly and without strain. There are few errors and slips. Tenses, spellings and punctuations are quite good. A number of merit of  “whole sentence” or the “whole expression” type are evident.

 

A  CLASS (16-20) Communication is efficient

The candidate communicates not only fluently, but attractively, with originality and efficiency. He has the ability to make the reader share his deep feelings, emotions, enthusiasm. He expresses himself freely and without any visible constraint. The script gives evidence of maturity, good planning and a tinge of humour. Many items of merit which indicate that the candidate has complete command of the language. There is no strain, just pleasantness, clever arrangement and felicity of expressions.

A-(16-17) The candidates shows competence and fluency in using language. He may lack imagination or originality which usually provides the “spark” in such essays. Vocabulary, idioms, sentence structure, links and variety are impressive. Gross errors are very rare.

A18 Positive Ability.

A few errors that are felt to be slips. The story or arguments has a definite impact. No grammar problem. Variety of structures. A definite spark.

A+ (19-20) The candidates communicates not only information and meaning, but also and especially the candidate’s whole self, his feelings, taste, points of view, youth and culture, this ability to communicate his deep self may express itself in many ways: wide range effective vocabulary, original approach, vivid and sustained account in case of a narrative, well developed and ordered argument in case of a debate or discussion. A very definite spark.

 

 

  1. COMPULSORY SET TEXT

INTRODUCTION

It is human nature to judge a person from their outlook and not from who someone is from the inside. A well-dressed person, for example may be given special treatment over a shabbily dressed one. The character of a person, however, cannot be judged from how the person appears from the outside. This is well illustrated by Henrik Ibsen in A Doll’s House.

POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

  • Nora has an unwavering trust in her husband Helmer. She believes that he really loves her and would come to her defense even when Krogstad publishes information concerning her fraud act. This stems from the way Helmer treats Nora with affection. She is however astonished when Helmer scolds her when he learns of the forgery. He goes ahead to restrict her from involving herself with the children.
  • Nora trusts that Christine would put in a word for her and convince Krogstad to recall the letter, unread. This is after Nora had helped Christine secure a job by convincing Helmer to hire her. Once the opportune moment presents itself, Christine asks Krogstad not to recall the letter so that Helmer can read and know what ails the family. This results to disintegration of Helmer’s marriage.
  • The marriage between Nora and Torvald Helmer looks perfect yet it is not. Helmer refers to Nora using affectionate pet names and spoils her by giving her more money. He believes that Nora is perfect and could not hide secrets from her yet Nora is hiding the secret of the borrowed loan. Actually, Helmer knows that Nora took money from her father yet she took it from Krogstad and forged her father’s name in order to get the money.
  • Nora seems like a spendthrift and a spoilt wife yet she works tirelessly. Both Christine and Torvald accuse Nora of being inexperienced and a spendthrift. She discloses to Christine that she does copy work and has to scrape off every penny in order for her to repay Krogstad. She spent sleepless nights the previous Christmas in order to make ornaments to decorate the Christmas tree.

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, it is true to say that a book should not be judged by its cover.

 

  1. THE OPTIONAL SET TEXTS

 

  • The short story

 

INTRODUCTION

The introductory paragraph could either be general or contextualized or both. It must be an attempt at interpreting the question. Definitions or lifting the question will not score.

E.g. The need to amass more and more in terms of money or property is a vice that

Many people have. However in the pursuit of such, one ends up losing in one way or another.

Or

Pahom who had so many acres of land, and pasture still gets so interested in getting much more at a cheaper price but then had to walk to get as much land as possible. He exhausts himself and collapses dead in his attempt.

 

POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

 

G1: Pahom’s yearns to get more land yet he has 123 acres of land and pasture, a big house and five family members.

Gii: The news about 13,000 acres of land all for 1000 roubles excites Pahom.

– Pahom gets strongly attracted due to his greed for land.

– He wonders whether it is true.

– He says he must go and buy that land.

Giii: He is driven by the prospects of owning a large piece of land.

– He is told that the price of the land is always the same: 1,000 rouble a day.

– One had to go round on his feet and that land covered would be his, at 1,000 Roubles a day.

– One had to start at one spot, make around and mark with a spade on the place passed.

– Pahom could not sleep thinking about how much land he would cover.

Giv: He walks regardless of the difficulty.

– Armed with his spade, he waited for the sun to rise and started off.

– He at some point takes off his outer coat and shoes.

– He was sweating and very thirsty.

– He was becoming tired; he ate quickly to save on time, so that he can walk a greater distance.

– It was hot, yet he must return to the place where he started.

– He started walking back in difficulty.

Gv:Pahom ends up losing the land.

– Pahom realizes time to sunset was almost gone and he began running back to the hillock.

– He realizes he had tried too much.

– He felt serious pain but pressed on, yet he was still far from the hillock.

– He threw away his coat, shoes and flask and cap.

– He kept only the spade which he used as support, his shirt and

Trousers stuck to him, his heart beating like a hammer.

– He was seized with terror and he died of strain.

– He fell down and died. Because he lost his whole energy in quest to get more land, when he got to the goal, he fell down and died.

 

CONCLUSION

From the above illustrations, it is true to say that our desire to get more and more can make us lose even what we have. In his relentless pursuit for more wealth, Pahom ended up dead.

 

  • Drama

INTRODUCTION

Everything rises and falls on leadership. Good leaders ensure a nation’s success whereas bad ones lead a nation to its downfall.

POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

  • King Kutula XV protected Kutula citizens from unnecessary exploitation by the whites. He expresses his displeasure to Bishop Menninger and Thorne Macay because of how the Whites have taken over their land. He leads the natives into a war that sees the departure of the colonialists and Kutula becoming a republic.
  • Lacuna’s leadership has propagated tribalism and other forms of stratification in Kutula. Tamina tells Lulu that since Lacuna’s appointment, he has not seen anyone except his tribesmen. The manager at the mines, Mithambo, is a tribesman of Lacuna. He instructs Meshak to comb his backyard and look for loyal men from his tribe. He has given people positions based on tribalism and nepotism something that leaves the others suffering and that is why there is an uprising to overthrow his government.
  • Lacuna’s leadership places his people at a vulnerable position to be exploited by foreign powers. He has borrowed a lot in the name of development. At the same time the exports have declined and it is obvious that the state is getting a raw deal from the export of minearls. Lacuna’s government joins the foreign powers in exploiting the people instead of protecting them.
  • The government has not invested in infrastructural development. Judah complains of the poor state of roads whereas Tamina has to walk long distances to get water. Instead of purchasing machines to service the mines. Lacuna buys a private plane so that he can fly above the poor people.
  • Besides wastage of public resources in parties, Lacuna and his cronies are excessively corrupt. He, himself has stashed a lot of money in foreign banks. He does not effectively supervise his officials who use the opportunity to embezzle funds and pay him something for loyalty.

CONCLUSION

The government of Kutula under the leadership of Lacuna bring the economy of Kutula to its mess. It is because of their bad governance that the people undergo untold suffering something that triggers an uprising and Lacuna is ultimately dethroned.

 

 

 

  • Novel

INTRODUCTION

When Kino finds the pearl of the world, he sees a bright future both for himself and his family. It is expected that Kino would finally put off the garment of poverty and become rich just like the King of Spain who equally became rich after getting a pearl. This however does not come to fruition as he ends up throwing the pearl back into the sea.

POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

  • Out of the pearl, Kino wants Coyotito to be baptized and get educated, he wants Juana and himself to get married in Church and acquire a riffle and replace a harpoon he had lost. He does not attain any of these since he ends up throwing the pearl into the sea after Coyotito’s death.
  • When Kino gets the pearl, there are several attempts made by attackers to dispossess him off his pearl. He, however, manages to fight all of them.
  • Kino is offered a very low price by the pearl buyers. They only offer 1500 pesos yet Kino wants 50000 pesos. As such, he opts to go and sell his pearl to the capital.
  • On his way to the capital, he is tracked down by people intending to take the pearl from him. Though he successfully kills all the trackers, his son Coyotito is shot and he ends up back to La Paz and throws the pearl back to the sea.
  • In addition to losing his own son, Kino goes back to nothing since his brush hut had been set ablaze by people in search of the pearl. In addition, his boat had been splintered. The boat was vital as it sustained his livelihood and with it any man would assure the family of food.

CONCLUSION

It is crystal clear that despite Kino’s attempt to better his life and overcome poverty, he ends up more poor than he was initially, losing his property and his only son.

 

Marks3:3:3:3 =12marks

 

 

MERU CENTRAL CLUSTER EXAMINATION

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

 

TERM 2, 2020

101/1

ENGLISH

Paper 1

Functional Skills

2020

Q1. FUNCTIONAL WRITING (20MRK)

Imagine you are the secretary of the wildlife club in your school. Your club is meeting for the second time this term. Six members attended but two could not and gave apologies. The patron is invited and is attending as well. Agenda include: registration of new members, club elections and club prefects for 2021. AOB include invitation of guest speakers and end of the year party.

Write minutes of the proceedings of the meeting.

Q2. CLOZE TEST – 10MKS

Read the following passage and fill in the blank spaces with the most suitable word.

Precis writing is a very fine exercise in reading. Most people (i) ……………….carelessly and retain only a vague idea of what they have read. You can easily test the (ii)……………….of your reading. Read in your usual way a chapter or even a page of a book and (iii)…………………having closed your book, try to put down briefly the (iv)………………..of what you have read. You will probably find that your memory of it is (v)…………………and muddled. Is this because your memory is (vi)…………………………? No, it is because your attention was not fully (vii) …………………..on the passage while you were reading. The memory cannot (viii)………………..what was never given to hold; you did not remember the passage properly because you did not properly (ix)………………….it as you read it.

Now précis writing forces you (x)………………………..pay attention to what your read; for one cannot write a summary of any page unless he has clearly grasped its meaning.

Q3. ORAL SKILL – 30MKS)

  1. Read the oral narrative and the answer the questions that follow. (9mks)

The Chameleon and The Hare

Chameleon and the hare had always misunderstandings. They always quarrelled over who between them could run faster than the other.

“Chameleon, you are the slowest animal on earth,” laughed the hare. “you cannot compete in any race, even among the slowest animals,, including the snail.”

“My friend hare, please avoid blowing your own trumpet. I am certain you cannot defeat me in a race. I will finish the race and have enough time to take a meal and a nap before you arrive.

And the great competition was set. Then the day came.

“On your marks, set, goo!”The elephant started off the race.

No sooner had the race started than the chameleon jumped on the hare’s tail. The hare ran like he had never run before. At the finishing line, he started celebrating but when he attempted to sit down and wait for the chameleon, the chameleon shouted, “wooii! Please do not sit on me! I arrived long enough to have a meal and a nap. You can never defeat me in a race! Shame on you!”

 

Questions

  1. State two ways in which you would capture the attention of the audience before starting the performance of this narrative. (2mk)

 

  1. If you were the narrator of the story, explain three ways in which you would know that you had captured and retained the attention of the audience. (3mks)
  • Identify two possible cues that the audience was not listening to you keenly. (2mks)
  1. “Wooi!…” comment on the narrative style of this statement. (2mks)
  2. Identify the silent letters in the following words.                                                                                                             (6 marks)

 

  1. Practically
  2. Ballet
  • Bristle
  1. Guilt
  2. Baguette
  3. Psychotic

 

  1. Pick out the word in which the underlined part is pronounced differently(3mks)
  • Leisure, measure, pressure, pleasure
  1. Arch, March, search, monarch
  • Trough, dough, tough cough
  1. Underline the stressed syllables in the following words. (3 marks)
  2. Palatial
  3. Rejuvenation
  • Police

 

  1. You have arrived late for work and you are talking to your boss. Fill up the blanks. (9mks)

You:…………………………………………………………………………………(1mk)

Boss: Good morning Albert. Why have you come late?

You: …………………………………………………………………………………….(1mk)

Boss: It must been really a huge traffic jam. You are two hours late.

You: ………………………………………………………………………………………….(1mk)

Boss: But on often come late, it’s your habit.

You:………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………(2mks)

Boss: (Interrupting) I think you should resign and look for another job.

You:………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………(2mks)

Boss: You have already got many chances. How will this office run if the staff come late?

You:………………………………………………………………………………….(1mk)

Boss: I will give you the last chance. Now, get up and go to your work.

You: …………………………………………………………………………………(1mk)

MERU CENTRAL CLUSTER EXAMINATION

(Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education)

TERM 2, 2020

ENGLISH –101/2

Q1. COMPREHENSION PASSAGE (20MKS)

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

 

You may think that expecting food to change your life is too much to ask. But have you considered that eating the right food at the right time will increase your energy, help you manage weight and ward off major illnesses?

Researchers have found that eating a meal with plenty of protein leaves you feeling more satisfied for longer when compared to a meal loaded with low – quality carbohydrates. Your body takes longer to digest protein, leading to a gradual increase in blood sugar. The high protein breakfast will therefore carry you through the morning and, more importantly, through your tea break. Many high – carbohydrate meals are absorbed quickly and send blood sugar on a roller coaster ride, taking your appetite with it and depleting your energy.

Many foods contain antioxidants, but fruits and vegetables may be the richest source. Behaving like chemical warriors, antioxidants neutralize molecules known as free radicals before they damage arteries and body cells. This protects you from heart diseases, high blood pressure, cancer and diabetes; you can now see why antioxidant foods should be consumed in generous portions. Actually, forget pills – antioxidants work best when consumed in foods. In fact, nutritionists recommend that we eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day. It’s less daunting than it sounds: a portion equals a piece of fruit, three tablespoons of cooked vegetables or a glass of flesh juice.

And do you desire to relieve yourself of some baggage? Calcium is the latest weight – loss star to appear on the scene. Scientist stumbled on its magic by accident. From a study that measured the blood pressure of obese people, it was discovered that those who took one large tub of yoghurt a day in their diet lost an average of eleven pounds of body fat in one year, even though they did not eat less.

A follow – up study found that people on a high – calcium diet lost more weight and fat than did people on a low calcium diet -and again, both consumed the same number of Calories. Researcher* believe calcium encourages fat cells to stop “getting fatter”. Instead, the cells burn extra fat without you having to go anywhere near a gymnasium.

It probably sounds strange to say that you can eat more in order to lose weight. Obviously, the question you should ask immediately is, “Eat more of what?” We are talking about foods rich in fibre. They have what is referred to as low energy density; that translates to few calories relative to weight. This means that you can down a mountain without fear of calorie overload.

Fibre also aids weight loss because it’s filling. Most high fibre foods take a lot of chewing, triggering your body’s fullness sensors. Moreover, you absorb the food more slowly so you feel full longer. Will the wonders of food ever cease? Not if researchers in nutrition keep up their pace. Let them keep the good news flowing – such as the fact that we don’t have to starve ourselves to lose weight and keep disease at bay.

Questions

  • From the information given in the first paragraph, how can you improve your life?(2mark)
  • In not more than 35 words, summarize the effects of eating carbohydrates. (4 marks)

 

  • Explain how free radicals contribute to the occurrence of high blood pressure and cancer.                                                                                                                                                          (2 marks)
  1. d) In what two forms can antioxidants-‘be consumed? (2mks)

 

  1. e) “In fact nutritionists recommend that we eat five portions of fruits and vegetable a day.” Rewrite the sentence above as a question without changing the meaning, beginning: Don’t………….. ….. (1 mark)
  • What is the attitude of the author towards calcium as a weight-cutting measure? (2mks)
  • According to the passage, how can you use up excess fat? (2mks)
  • Identify an instance of irony in the passage. (2mks)
  • Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the passage. (3mks)
  1. Daunting –
  2. Baggage –
  3. Down to earth –
  4. R. Ole Kulet, Blossoms of the Savannah

 

Read the excerpt below and then answer the questions that follow.                        (25 marks)

 

“What do you mean?” he asked, suddenly sitting up. “I hope you don’t imply that our culture comes second. Do you?”

“Not really, my husband,” she said ruefully, beating a hasty retreat. “Our culture is everything and it rules our lives.”

“Good,” he said authoritatively. “Now listen, you must immediately start counselling the girls to understand their roles as potential wives of the men of Nasila. Prepare them to appreciate and and accept their future responsibilities as mothers and home builders.”

“I’ll do that my husband,” she said quietly.

“One other thing,” he said evenly. “I’ll ask Simiren to request that young teacher called Parmuat, who is of our clan and therefore a brother to the girls to find time to teach them a few home truths. After that we shall call enkamuratanito play her part before we give them away.”

Those were the words, whose utterance she dreaded. And once uttered, she knew, the words instantly became an inviolable edit. Now that he had spoken, the pain was already harrowing and torment in her unbearable. She was torn between her love for her daughters and her dutiful role of a faithful and obedient wife of Ole Kaelo. But in her culture there was no room for dissent, especially if the subject was in conformity with the culture. Who would side with her if she were to oppose the cultural rituals?

Her only ally would be the woman the elders of Nasila contemptuously called entangoroior the wasp. Those who honoured her called Emakererei, for she was said to have attended Makerere university in Uganda., where she attained her degree in Veterinary Science. Mama Milanoi knew her well. Her actual names were MinikeneNkoitoi. Outside Nasila, she was respected and honoured. At thirty, she was already managing an expansive government sheep ranch reputed to hold hundreds of thousands of sheep, about one hundred kilometres away from Nasila. Under her were hundreds of employees who worked at the ranch in Nasila, however, she was regarded as the devil incarnate. She was hated and reviled for criticising and campaigning vigorously against traditions that she said abused the rights of the girl child namely girls’ circumcision and early marriages. And that had put her in direct collision with the people of Nasila. If she aligned herself with a person who Nasila regarded as having such an obnoxious reputation, where would her marriage stand?

 

  1. Place the excerpt in its immediate context. (4 marks)
  2. Why was MinikeneNkoitoi regarded as a devil incarnate in Nasila? (2 marks)
  3. From the excerpt, what do we learn about Mama Milanoi?      (4 marks)
  4. Explain two themes that are highlighted in the excerpt.      (4 marks)
  5. “What do you mean?” {Rewrite in reported speech}                                                         (1 mark)
  6. Discuss the effectiveness of two aspects of style employed in this excerpt. (4 marks)
  7. Describe the mood at the end of the excerpt.         (2 marks)
  8. Explain the meaning of the following expressions as used in the excerpt: (4 marks)
  9. Ruefully
  10. Contemptuously
  • Devil incarnate
  1. Obnoxious

 

 

  1. Read the poem bellow and then answer the questions that follow.

My grandmother

   She kept an antique shop – or it kept her.

Among Apostle spoons and Bristol glasses,

The faded silks, the heavy furniture,

She watched her own reflection in the brass

Salvers and silver bowls, as if to prove

Polish was all, there was no need for love.

 

And I remember how I once refused

To go out with her, since I was afraid.

It was perhaps a wish not to be used

Like antique objects. Though she never said

That she was hurt, I still could feel the guilt

Of that refusal, guessing how she felt.

 

Later, too frail to keep a shop, she put

All her best things in one long, narrow room.

The place smelt old, of things too long kept shut,

The smell of absences where shadows come

That can’t be polished. There was nothing then

To give her own reflection back again.

 

 

 

And when she died I felt no grief at all,

Only the guilt of what I once refused.

I walked into her room among the tall

Sideboards and cupboards – things she never used

But needed: and no finger-marks were there,

Only the new dust falling through the air.

                                                                                  – Elizabeth Jennings

  1. Identify the persona in the above poem. (2 marks)
  2. In note form, summarize what each stanza is talking about. (4 marks)
  3. Identify and briefly explain the use of any two images in the poem. (4 marks)
  4. What does the persona feel towards the subject matter?         (2 marks)
  5. What do the following lines mean in the poem?         (2 marks)

“too frail to keep a shop”                                                   …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………Only the new dust falling through the air”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Describe the tone the persona uses in the poem above. (2 marks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Explain the paradox in the line:                 (2 marks)

-things she never used

But needed:

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

  1. Explain the persona’s sense of guilt.         (2 marks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4       GRAMMAR

  1. a) Fill in the blanks with the correct alternative from the choices given. (2 marks)
  2. i) Since the introduction of community policing in our estates______ of theft have reduced.    (Incidence / incident / incidents)
  3. ii) An elephant looks after _______ calf. (it’s / its)
  4. b) Rewrite the following sentences as instructed.
  5. i) Someone is following us.                (Rewrite in the passive voice)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. ii) The victim and the neighbours did not speak to the reporters. (Begin; Neither ……….)

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

iii)                We light fire in the kitchen             (Rewrite in past tense).

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. iv) Okoyo will not win the elections if he does not clear himself of the corruption charges. (Begin: unless ……….)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. c) Use the correct form of the word in brackets to complete each of the foI1owing sentences.                                                                                                             (3 marks)
  2. i) Owino did not know that a tree had ___________ (strike) his house.
  3. ii) Nobody expected the company to make __________ (lose)

iii)                The three ______________ (passer-by) were arrested.

  1. d) For each of the following sentences replace the underlined phrasal verb with a word that has the same meaning (2 marks)
  2. i) I wished to meet him after classes yesterday but he didn’t show up.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. ii) After a hard day’s work, I sat on an easy chair and dozed off.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(e)Provide the most suitable prepositions for the sentences below.

  1. i) The soldier was punished_______________ neglect of duty.
  2. ii) The thief was disguised _____________ an official from the Ministry of Education.

iii)    They descended ______________ a noble family.

  1. iv) The doctor died ___________Corona virus.

 

   MERU CENTRAL CLUSTER EXAM

Kenya Certificate of Secondary examination

TERM 2, 2020

101/3

ENGLISH

Paper 3

(Creative Composition and Essays Based on Set Texts)

 

 

  1. .Imaginative composition (compulsory) (20mrk)

Either

  1. Write a composition ending with…………………………..”If I was given another chance, I would do things differently.”

or

  1. Write an essay on the role of the youth in curbing the covid-19 rising cases.

 

  1. The Compulsory Set Text (20 marks)

 

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

 

“Desperate situations call for desperate measures.” Referring closely to A Doll’s House, write an essay in support of this statement.

 

  1. Optional Set Texts

Either

  • Short Story

Moran (Ed) Memories we Lost and Other Stories

Using illustrations from Benjamin Branoff’s, The Window Seat, write an essay on the chaos of urban life. (20mks)

Or

  1. Drama

David Mulwa, Inheritance

“The citizens of Kutula have been betrayed by their leaders and have become disillusioned.”  Basing your essay on David Mulwa’s play The Inheritance, write an essay to justify this statement.

Or

  1. The Novel: The Pearl by John Steinbeck.

“Greed brings out the worst in us.” Show the truth of this statement with reference to John Steinbeck’s  ‘The Pearl’

 

 

MERU CENTRAL CLUSTER EXAMS

(Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education)

TERM 2, 2020

ENGLISH PAPER 1

MARKING SCHEME

Q1.Functional writing.

If should be minute- if not deduct ( 2mrk)

  1. FORMAT
  • Clear heading- ‘ minutes,’ Name of the group

Meeting, date, venue, time.

 

ii)Attendance – six present ½

  • Two absent with apologies ½
  • One in attendance (patron) ½

iii)Preliminaries ½

 

  1. iv) Reading and confirmation of the previous minutes ½

 

  1. v) Matters arising ½
  2. vi) AOB ½

vii) Adjournment ½

viii) Sign off – compiled by ½ confirmed by ½

secretary            chairman

 

  1. b) CONTENT
  • Registration of new members ( 1 mk)
  • Election of officials (Names of new officials. Should be (given) (2mrk)
  • Club activities for 2021 (2mrk)
  1. c) LANGUAGE – 4MRKS

Q 2. CLOZE TEST

  1. Read
  2. Accuracy /value
  • then
  1. Gist/summary /substance
  2. Vague/hazy
  3. Weak
  • Focused /centered
  • Retain/grasp /grip
  1. Comprehend /understand /grasp
  2. To

Q 3. Oral skills

  1. Use a riddle
  • clapping
  • whistling
  • drumming
  • clearing the throat
  • sing a short song

any two = 2×1=2mks

ii

– audience kept eye contact

  • emotional response at the end of the story eg sighing
  • laughing as you narrated the story
  • clapping
  • Upright sitting posture.

Any 3×1= 3mks

iii.

–      dozing

  • yawning
  • blank facial expressions
  • poor body posture
  • kept looking at their watches
  • fidgeting
  • playing with items around them.

Any 2×1==2mks

 

  1. Ideophone – brings out the unexpected situation that the chameleon was about to be sat on.

1×2=2mks

  1. b) Silent letters in the following words (6 marks)
  2. Practically
  3. Ballet
  • Bristle
  1. Guilt
  2. Baguette
  3. Psychotic

 

c ) i) pressure

  1. ii) monarch

iii) dough

  1. Stressed syllables in the following words (3 marks)
  2. Palatial
  3. Rejuvenation
  • Police
  1. You : Good morning Mr. Koech (or any other- title must be indicated) 1mk

You : It was the traffic jam sir. (1mk)

You : It was only for today. (1mk)

You : The route I use experiences terrible traffic jam…..(2mks)

NB: Please sir, I really need this job. Give me a chance sir. (2mks)

You : Please forgive me, it won’t happen again. (1mk)

You : Thank you very much sir. (1mk)

 

MERU CENTRAL CLUSTER EXAM

(Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education)

English Paper Two, End Year Exam 2020

MARKING SCHEME

Q1. COMPREHENSION PASSAGE

  1. Eating the right kind of food.(2mks)
  2. Consider the following points
  • Makes one feel less satisfied for long
  • Foods rich in carbohydrates are absorbed quickly therefore sugar is sent on a roller coaster ride.
  • As a result, ones appetite is taken away
  • Energy is depleted. (4mks)

Must be in prose form – if not deduct 50% ( ½ marks)

  1. They damage arteries and body cells. (2mks)
  2. Antioxidants can be consumed in the form of fruits and vegetables. (2mks)
  3. Don’t nutritionists recommend that we eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day?(1mk)
  4. That of approval – shown by “researchers believe calcium encourages fat cells to stop “getting fatter” and the cells burn extra fat with you having to go anywhere near a gymnasium” (2mks)
  5. Excess fat can be used up by eating a high-calcium diet as calcium encourages fat cells to stop getting fatter. (2mks)
  6. It is ironical that you can eat more in order to lose weight. (2mks)
  • a) daunting – difficult /challenging /discouraging
  1. b) baggage – weight
  2. c) down a mountain – consume a large amount of food.

2

  1. Before: Ole Kaelo had woken up his wife in the morning after the homecoming ceremony asking her if she was aware of what the culture they had been ushered to demanded of them. 1mk She tells him that she understands but proposes that they think about the interests of the family first. 1mk

After: Mama Milanoi decides to play along with her husband’s demands since she knew there was no room for her to dissent. 1mk She decides to broach the subject of F.G.M with the daughters to see how much they knew about it. 1mk

  1. She is regarded so since she criticised and campaigned against girl’s circumcision and early marriage, traditional practices that Nasila people valued. (2 marks)
  2. She is submissive/obedient1mk –this is seen from the fact that she was a faithful and obedient wife to Ole Kaelo as said in the excerpt. We see she could not dissent with him even when she does not support his proposal that the girls be prepared for circumcision. 1mk

She is informed – she knows so much about MinikeneNkoitoi including her education background and even the different views that the people held about her. 1mk – she also knows her age and occupation. 1mk “At thirty, she was already managing an expansive government sheep ranch.”

  • ü Place of women in society – 1 mk The society presented expects women to be submissive by being faithful and obedient to their husbands as is the case with mama Milanoi – 1mk
  • ü Conflict – 1mk The writer tells us that MinikeneNkoitoi campaign against girl’s circumcision and early marriages had put her in direct collision with the Nasila people. 1mk
  • ü Traditions – 1mk We see that people of Nasilapractise female circumcision and early marriages, which is why Emakererei is despised for campaigning against them. Ole Kaelo asks his wife to start counselling the girls in readiness for circumcision. 1mk
  1. He asked her what she meant/ Ole Kaelo asked his wife what she meant. 1 mark
  • Geographical allusion 1mk – Minik had attended Makerere University in Uganda. This allusion makes the story authentic and believable. 1mk
  • Dialogue 1mk – there is dialogue between Mama Milanoi and Ole Kaelo as they discuss the way forward for their daughters. This makjes the story realistic and helps in displaying the traits of the speakers. 1mk
  • Rhetorical questions 1mk – “Who would side with her if she were to oppose the cultural rituals?” It brings out the turmoil that Mama Milanoi is going through. 1mk
  1. The mood is uncertain, pensive and fearful. 1mk – Mama Milanoi wants to help her daughters but she is afraid of the repercussions. 1mk
  2. Regretfully 1mk
  3. Scornfully 1mk
  • Extremely wicked/evil person 1mk
  1. Highly offensive 1mk

3.

  1. The persona is a grandchild “My grandmother” (2 mks)
  2. -Stanza 1: describes her grandmother (1×4 mks)

-Stanza 2: describes the incident which causes guilt

– Stanza 3: shows her grandmother in retirement

-Stanza 4: after her grandmother has died, the persona reflects on her grandmother’s life and her own memories

  • Simile – “like antique objects” to show persona’s objection to the way she was treated by the grandmother (2 mks)
  • Metaphor – “the smells of absences; the place smelt old” (2 mks)
  1. The persona feels indifferent towards her grandmother. “and when she died I felt no grief at all” (2 mks)
  2. Symbolic of her death and absence. (2 mks)
  3. The persona uses a regretful tone. “I still could feel the guilt …Of that refusal, guessing how she felt” (2 mks)
  4. It means that the grandmother was attached to the things she had but she really didn’t use them. They did not have any value to her apart from being attached to them. (2 mks)
  5. The persona feels guilty for having failed to accompany his/her grandmother out, because he/she didn’t want to be used as one of the antique item. (2 mks)

4.a

  1. i) Incidents ii)Its (2mks)
  2. b) (4mks)
  3. i) We are being followed
  4. ii) Neither the victim nor the neighbours spoke to the reporters

iii)             We lit fire in the kitchen

  1. iv) Unless Okoyo clears himself of the competition charges he will not

win the elections.

  1. c) i)Struck ii) losses  iii)    passers-by

 

d i) Appear

  1. ii) Slept

e  .  i).  for      ii).  as        iii).  from      iv) of

MERU CENTRAL CLUSTER EXAM

TERM 2, 2020

ENGLISH PP3

MARKING SCHEME

  1. A) (20mrk) point of interpretation
  • The sentence given must appear at the end of the composition. If not, deduct (2mrk)
  • The story must be relevant to the given sentences i.e a situation where one regrets having done something in the wrong way.

Deduct up to 4mrk, AD for irrelevance.

  • The candidate must use the first person narration technique- if not treat as irrelevant any apply rule above.
  • Award a numerical mark based on the linguistic competence demonstrated by the candidate.

.b) You should take part in

  • Washing hand regularly
  1. Wearing of PPES eg masks.
  • Maintaining social distance in public places.
  1. Voluntary testing incase of symptoms.
  2. Sensitizing the public on the ways of preventing infection.
  3. Maintaining general hygiene

Nb expound the points in paragraphs.

NB; In question 1(a) and (b) examiners should be closely guided by the following guidelines so as not to under mark or over mark the candidates essays.

 

D CLASS The candidate does not communicate at all. His/ her language ability is so minimal that the examiner practically has to guess what the candidate wants to say. The candidate fails to fit English words he/ she know into meaningful sentences. The subject is glanced at or distorted. Practically no punctuation. All kinds of errors. Broken English is evident.

D- 01- 02      Chaotic. Little meaning whatsoever. Question paper or Words from it simply copied.

D 03           Flow of thought almost impossible to follow. The errors are continuous.

D+ 04-05    although the English is often broken and the essay is full of errors of all types, we can at least guess what the candidate wants to say.

C CLASS     The candidate communicates understandably but only more or less clearly.

He/ she is not confident with his language. The subject is often undeveloped. There may be some digressions. Unnecessary repetitions are frequent. The arrangement is weak and the flow jerky. There is no economy of language. Mother tongue influence is felt.

C-06 – 07    The candidate obviously finds it difficult to communicate, his ideas. He/she is seriously hampered by his/ her very limited knowledge of structure and vocabulary. This results in many gross errors of agreement, spelling, misuse of prepositions, tenses, verb agreement and sentence construction.

C+09-10     The candidate communicates but not with consistent clarity. His/ her linguistic abilities being very limited, he/she cannot avoid frequent errors in sentence structure. There is little variety or originality. Very bookish English. Links are weak, incorrect and repeated at times.

C + 09- 10      The candidate communicates clearly but in a flat and uncertain manner. Simply concepts

sentence forms are often strained. There may be an overuse of cliches, unsuitable idioms. Proverbs are misquoted or misinterpreted. The flow is still jerky. There are some errors of agreement, tenses, spelling.

B CLASS     This class is characterized by greater fluency and ease of expression. The candidate demonstrates that he/ she can use English as a normal way of expressing himself/ herself. Sentence are varied and usually well constructed. Some candidates become ambitious and even over- ambitious. There may be items of merit of the one word or one expression type. Many essays in this category may be just clean and unassuming, but they still show that the candidate is at ease with the language.

B-11- 12     The candidate communicates fairly and with some fluency. There may be little variety in sentence structure. Gross errors are still found occasionally.

B 13             The sentences are varied but rather simple. Straightforward. The candidate does not strain himself in an effort to impress. There is a fair range of vocabulary and idiom. Natural and effortless. Some items of merit. Economy of language.

B+ 14-15    The candidate communicates his ideas pleasantly and without strain. There are errors and slips. Tenses, spelling and punctuation are quite good. A number of items of merit of the “whole sentence” or the “whole expression” type.

A CLASS    The candidate communicates not only fluently, but attractively, with originality and efficiency. He/she has the ability to make us share his/ her deep feelings, emotions, enthusiasms. He/ she expresses himself/ herself freely and without any visible constraint. The script gives evidence of maturity, good planning and often humour. Many items of merit which indicate that the candidate has complete command of the language. There is no strain, just pleasantness, clever arrangement, felicity of expression.

A – 16 – 17   The candidate shows competence and fluency in using the language. He / She may lack

imagination or originality which usually provides the “spark” . in such essays. Vocabulary, idiom, sentence structure, links, variety are impressive. Gross errors are very rare.

A 18            Positive ability. A few errors that are felt to be slips. The story or argument has   a definite  impact. No grammar problem.  Variety of structures. A definite spark Many margin ticks.

A+19-20     The candidate communicates not only information and meaning, but also and especially the candidate’s whole self: his / her feelings, tastes, points of view, youth, culture . This ability to communicate his/ her deep self may express itself in many ways, wide range of effective-vocabulary, original approach, vivid sustained account in the case of a narrative, well developed and ordered argument in the case of a debate or discussion. Errors and slips should not deprive the candidate of the full marks he/she deserves very definite spark.

 

  1. The compulsory set text

“Desperate situations call for desperate measures.” Support this statement with a close reference to A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen.

Consider

  • Nora becomes desperate when she is informed by the doctors that her husband is very ill and needs to go to Italy for a year to recover yet they have no money. She takes a loan with Krogstad, an individual of questionable character who blackmails her later.
  • Nora becomes desperate again when her husband fires Krogstad yet the latter threatens to expose both Nora and Helmer on the matter of Nora’s forgery. This leads Nora to plan for suicide to save her husband.
  • Krogstad is desperate to regain his reputation which won’t happen if he is fired. He blackmails Nora to try and secure his position in the bank.
  • Linde forfeits her relationship with the person she loves because he is penniless. This is because her mother is very sick and there are two younger brothers to fend for. Mrs. Linde marries a rich man to take care of herself, her mother and her brothers.
  • Nora has to work in secret to get money to repay the loan from Krogstad. Out of desperation, she has to sacrifice any money due to her for her personal needs to pay both instalments and interest.

 

Accept any other valid points.

      Mark any 4 points

      3:3:3:3 =12 marks

      Introduction: 2 marks

      Conclusion: 2 marks

      Language competence: 4 marks

  1. a) First, transport is uncomfortable. The narrator travels around town in an overcrowded van. It carries twenty-four passengers in a space meant for ten. He says that they are packed like sardines and that their backs are fused together.

 

The roads are dusty and bumpy. Dust drifts into the vehicles and the sides of the road are overgrown with grass. Sometimes the dust is red other times grey.

 

The environment is noisy at all times. There is shouting from the numerous conductors calling for passengers, music blaring   from disc vendors. The conductor yells obscurities.

 

People are burning foliage and garbage on the sides of the roads. The fire is left to burn large swathes of grass. Various smells are evident. Smoke from the bush fire, garbage, sweat and the smell of sea salt. There are piles of garbage left to rot by the roadside.

 

The town streets are overcrowded. Then narrator talks of currents of human traffic that prevents him from chasing after Monique. He talks of a million feet shuffling out of the daladala.

The policemen manning the city streets are corrupt. He stops the daladala in which the narrator is riding and on finding no fault with the vehicle, grabs ignition keys and only returns them when the crew gives him some money.

 

The town as portrayed in the story is a theatre of disorder. The chaos in travel, the polluted environment, the not-so-smooth roads and the insecurity is worrying. The story ends with the narrator realizing that he has lost his wallet in the melee, probably to the kanga lady that he had earlier admired.

Or

  1. DRAMA

Introduction

As a result of bad leadership, the people of Kutula are disappointed by their leaders who have impoverished those broken families and gotten them into debt. They suffer injustice in the hands at the hands of their own leaders.

  1. Lacuna grabs the people’s wealth.
  • He kills his father, the people’s leader, and takes the crown.
  • He keeps money in foreign accounts that he has embezzled from Kutula.
  • Buys a plane with the people’s money.
  • He runs down the economy.
  • The people feel hopeless. Tamina changes her name from Anna to Tamina because she feels she cannot associate with the same God as Lacuna.
  1. The people suffer because of corruption.
  • Judah invests in bribing Mithambo (his boss) with drinks to get the job of machine operator.
  • His family suffers when he does not send money home.
  • Lulu his daughter is sent home from school. For her, God does not exist; for He cannot allow such suffering on them if he did. She is disillusioned.
  • Lacuna thrives on nepotism.
  • He rewards sycophants and his clansmen.
  • Qualified citizens are left unemployed.
  • Those employed are poorly paid and overtaxed.
  • Judahn Zen Melo loses hope in God, and the desire to pray.
  1. Many people are killed, while others disappear.
  • On the night of Lacuna’s inauguration, many people disappear.
  • Judah is killed for refusal to allow Lacuna to marry Lulu.
  • Judah’s death and locking up of Lulu make Tamina to go insane.

 

Conclusion

All in all, it is true that the people are betrayed by their leaders and their government. They are disappointed and feel hopeless with no one to turn to.

Accept any other valid points.

Mark any 4 points 3:3:3:3 = 12 marks

Introduction: 2 marks

Conclusion: 2 marks

Language competence: 4 marks

 

  1. THE NOVEL : THE PEARL BY JOHN STEINBECK

 

“Greed brings out the worst in us”

Introduction

Greed is a vice that can portray us in a very negative way. Quite undesirable traits in people stem from  greed. This is what happens in The Pearl where some characters are unable to restrain their greedy nature as discussed below.

 

Body

Greed makes the doctor completely inhuman and detestable. When Coyotito is brought to him for treatment, he turns them down because he knew they didn’t have money. His greed for money comes before the life of humanity. He later wants to cheat Kino out of his Pearl. This is after he learns that Kino has the Pearl of the world and claims Coyotito is his patient.

 

The pearl buyers greed turns them into cheats. They cheat the Pearl sellers so as to make good sales. They term Kino’s Pearl a monstericity so as to hoodwink him to sell them the Pearl at a throw away price. The collude with other Pearl buyers so that they act as many yet, it was one. They have even agreed amongst themselves the prices to offer Kino.

 

The priest’s greed makes him manipulative. He psychologically manipulates Kino telling him that he is a namesake to a great man in the church. He wants Kino and Jauna married in church. He also wants Coyotito baptized and the church repaired. All these demands are meant to armtwist Kino to share the proceeds of the Pearl with the “church.” This brings the priests character as a religious hypocrite as we know he has never been to the brush houses.

The trackers greed turn them to man hunters. They follow Kino to the bitter end up to the mountains just to get the Pearl from him. Eventually, this leads to the shooting of Coyotito.

Conclusion

It is during such times when one desires something so much that their true colours are evident. The doctor, the priest, the trackers and the Pearl buyers’ characters come to the fore during their moments of desire, hence making greed a vice.

 

  • Accept other well illustrated and valid points.
  • 4 points 4 x 3=12- body
  • Introduction – 2mks
  • Conclusion – 2mks
  • Language – 4mks – tied the marks on the content

NB: All essays must be in continuous prose. If not mark out 50%

 

 

BUNAMFAN PRE-MOCKS

101/1

ENGLISH

PAPER 1

FUNCTIONAL SKILLS

  1. Imagine that you are the Member of Parliament representing Rongai constituency where former president Daniel ArapMoi resides and have received news of his demise.
  2. Write a condolence note that you would give to the family of the late president. (8mks)
  3. Prepare an invitation card that would be given to fellow members of parliament to attend his burial to be held at his Kabarak home in Nakuru. (12mks)
  4. CLOZE TEST. (10mks)

Acute teacher ………………………………..(1), poor infrastructure, high levels of poverty and ………………………….(2) budgetary allocations are the major challenges ……………………………(3) access to education in East African Countries.

These challenges, besides cultural ……………………………………(4) such as early marriages, were ………………………………………..(5) the hindrances isolated when education stakeholders met in Djibouti to discuss …………………………………(6). affecting inclusivity.

Uganda Prime Minister RugundoRuhakana said governments must ………………………………….(7) gender, social and economic biases to ensure education is accessible. “Education is a ……………………………………..(8) right for all children. ………………….(9) Uganda we ensure all children including those of special needs get ………………………………(10) to education,” said Dr.  Ruhakana.

  1. ORAL SKILLS
  2. Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow. (8mks)

SIGNS OF LOVE

When you see me look at you with a keen eye

And when you see me smile with a sigh;

When you hear me call your name

And when you catch me studying your body frame;

When you pass by and I smell your perfume;

And when the beatings of my heart fume;

When I with sincerity at you smile

And you pose to stare at me for a while;

When you behold me pointing at the moon

And you reckon that romance is knocking soon;

When you find me holding a red flower

And you see me weak before you, without power:

Know that my heart beats, my love is, for you

And that without you am nothing, that’s true

  • Describe the rhyme scheme of the poem above. (2mks)
  • What has the poet used to achieve musicality in the poem? (3 mks)
  • Comment about the words you would stress in line eight of the poem. (2mks)
  • How would you make the recitation of the above poem interesting? ( 3mks)
  1. Read the item below and answer the questions that follow: –

She sells seashells on the seashore

The shells she sells are seashells,

I’m sure

And if she sells seashells on the seashore,

Then I’m sure she sells seashore shells

 

  • Identify the above piece?                                (1mk)
  • Assume you are to present this item to an audience. What aspects should one work on in order to make it a success? (3mks)
  • During the presentation, how would a presenter tell that the listeners are inattentive? (3mks)
  1. For each of the following words provide another with a similar pronunciation. (3mks)
  2. Rota ………………………………………………
  3. Whoa ……………………………………………….
  4. Jewel ……………………………………………….
  5. Identify by underlining the silent letters in the following words. (3mks)
  • Raspberry
  • Apostle
  • Vegetable
  1. Consider the following interview between the manager of a company and Kabonyi and then answer the questions that follow. (9mks)

 

Manager:    Good morning Mr. Kabonyi. Please have a seat and feel at home.

Kabonyi:     (Oh God, I really need a job) Thank you sir.

Manager:    You have applied for the job of records clerk.

Kabonyi:     Yes, sir (I wonder whether he is going to give it to me).

Manager:    Do you know what the job involves? Did you read our advertisement in the newspaper?

Kabonyi:     (Looking absent-minded, fiddling with his finger and avoiding eye contact). Excuse me; did you say something about newspapers? Yes, I read newspapers but not every day. They are rather expensive, but once in a while I meet a friend who has bought one.

Manager:    You are obviously not listening. I asked you about the advertisement.

Kabonyi:     (Oh God I need the job badly). Yes, yes you talked about listening. Yes, it is important to listen to your boss.

Manager:    Mr. Kabonyi are you with me? This is the end of the interview. You will hear from us in due course.

Kabonyi:     Thank you sir, I hope you consider me for the job.

  • Identify the shortcomings in Kabonyi’s listening skills? (3mks)
  • List the specific listening skills Kabonyi could have used during their interview. (3mks)
  • State two things you need to do before attending an interview. (3mks)

 

 

BUNAMFAN CLUSTER EXAMINATION – 2020

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (K.C.S.E)

ENGLISH PAPER 2

  • Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

In case you’ve ever wondered how much time your daughter spends taking selfies, a poll in 2015 found that the average woman between 16 and 25 years old spends over five hours a week. It sounds like a lot unless you’ve tried to take selfies yourself and know what an elaborate process it can be. Women take an average of seven shots to get one image, according to the poll; Kim Kardashian said it takes about 15 to 20. Then there are the filters, not to mention real-life alterations like changing lighting or touching up makeup. There are also apps you can use for more drastic procedures like changing your bone structure, slimming your waistline, erasing pimples, and more.

Selfies can be silly and lighthearted, of course, notes Alexandra Hamlet, PsyD, a psychologist at the Child Mind Institute. But she also recognizes the darker side, when photos become a measure of self-worth. “With makeup, with retouch, with filters, with multiple, multiple attempts, it’s almost like you’re never going to stack up,” says Dr. Hamlet, “And that is where I think it gets dangerous.”

We’re used to worrying about how girls will be affected by seeing too many air-brushed images of models in magazines or movies. But now young people themselves are the models and they’re wielding their own image-editing software. This leads to a lot of self-scrutiny as they try to perfect their own images, and comparisons to the pictures their peers are posting. Experts are understandably worried about what this means for kids’ self-esteem

If you’ve been telling your daughter that she’s beautiful just the way she is, she’s getting a different message when she opens up Snapchat and sees filters and lenses that alter appearances. Pictures used to be final; now we have post-production.

Dr. Hamlet acknowledges that some of the filters are fun and distort in amusing ways, but also points out there’s a so-called “pretty filter” on Instagram and Snapchat. Beautifying filters are used almost reflexively by many, which means that girls are getting used to seeing their peers effectively airbrushed every single day online. There are also image altering apps that teens can download for more substantial changes. Facetune is one popular one, but there are many, and they can be used to do everything from erase pimples to change the structure of your face or make you look taller. One app called RetouchMe gives your photo a “professional retouch” using a photo editing team for under a dollar. The possibilities can be overwhelming, particularly since girls know they are scrutinized on their appearance — as, of course, they are scrutinizing their peers.

Self-esteem often takes a hit when you start comparing yourself too much to other people, which is something social media seems to be made for. One study found that frequently viewing selfies led to decreased self-esteem and decreased life satisfaction. Another study found that girls who spend more time looking at pictures on Facebook reported higher weight dissatisfaction and self-objectification.

Parents who want to provide a healthy counterbalance to the pressures of social media can start by evaluating how they use social media themselves. Make sure you aren’t talking too much about the pictures you post or see, or ask your children to take too many pictures. The occasional photo is fine, of course, but make a point of prioritizing being in the moment, too. “If you’re taking your kid to a concert, don’t allow them to film the whole thing and see it only through the eyes of the camera,” says Dr. Hamlet. “That’s reinforcing this concept that just being here is not good enough.”

Questions

  1. What shows that women take selfies seriously?    2mks
  2. Why does the author mention Kim Kardashian­?    2mks
  3. Explain how selfies become harmful to those who take them.    3mks
  4. What do you think is the different message one’s daughter gets when she opens Snapchat?                                                                                                                                                          2mks
  5. Explain the relationship between self-esteem and social media.    3mks
  6. Rewrite the following sentences as instructed:    2mks
  7. “If you’re taking your kid to a concert, don’t allow them to film the whole thing and see it only through the eyes of the camera,” says Dr. Hamlet. (Re-write in reported speech)
  8. Dr. Hamlet acknowledges that some of the filters are fun and distort in amusing ways, but also points out there’s a so-called “pretty filter” on Instagram and Snapchat. (Replace the underlined words with suitable word)
  9. Illustrate and comment on the effectiveness of quotation from authority. 2mks
  10. Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage: 3mks
  11. stack-up
  12. overwhelming
  13. self-esteem
  • EXCERPT: BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH

Mama Milanoi wondered where that culture had fled to. Was there no one to tame the likes of Oloisudori? Had the culture become moribund, useless and impotent? Another husky whisper told her the Maa culture had gone nowhere. It was still there and it was intact. It was like the waters of Nasila and all other rivers of Maa.

Nasila river had been there as far back as Nasila people could remember. It had sustained the life of man and beast from time immemorial. But Nasila water was no longer the water she drew when she was a little girl. It was no longer the water she and her friends scooped up with their hands and drank happily to quench their thirst after a long hot day in the fields. No, the water was no longer the same. The water had been polluted. In those days the water was so clean and clear that the pebbles on the riverbed were visible. Even the mudfish and the crab-like creatures called enkileleo were so clearly visible in the water one would have thought they were in a clear glass container.

That was no more. Upstream, people were washing vehicles, they were washing smelling hides and skins, they were emptying sacks of agricultural chemicals and other offending and poisonous pollutants into Nasila river. It would not be long, Mama Milanoi reasoned sorrowfully, before the life-giving water of Nasila began to sicken and kill.

And so was Nasila culture. The founder had intended that the culture would regulate the lives of the people, and indeed it did. It charted out the way for everyone, from cradle to the grave. It defined relationships, it created laws that governed ownership of property and settled disputes. It did not discriminate, it did not favour anyone over the others, it gave everyone a chance to live a full life; it protected everyone within its confines and provided cleansing procedures for those who defiled it. It was simply a cherished way of life for all the Maa people, including those in Nasila. It was no more. It was now defiled and polluted by the likes of Oloisudori. Yes, the old Nasila culture had become mutable and it now contained defiant mutants that it could not regulate and which were above Nasila Laws.

She thought of her own house. Yes, change was creeping in. Her daughters were different. They had gone through a school system that intermingled them with children from other cultures. They knew very little of Nasila culture. They were children of a new undefined culture. Theirs was a mutant of another kind.

Her daughter Resian, Mama Milanoi thought sadly, as she turned once more on her bed, was a hard nut to crack. She was obstinate a nd defiant. She certainly epitomized the new undefined culture. She knew she had an independent mind and she was not easy to handle. If her father thought she was docile and that he would just call her and hand her over to Oloisudori, he was in for a rude shock. No amount of intimidation or threats could easily break her. She always said she knew her rights and would not allow anyone to trample on them.

Questions

  1. What happens after this excerpt? (2mks)
  2. How could the culture, Mama Milanoi is thinking about, come to her rescue in her current predicament basing your answer from elsewhere in the text? (4mks)

 

  1. Explain the relationship between the current state of the Nasila river and the Nasilian culture    4mks
  2. Explain one way the Kaelo family find themselves at odds with the Nasilian culture. 2mks
  3. What do we learn about Resian from this excerpt? 2mks
  4. Explain the major issue emerging from this excerpt?    2mks
  5. What is the prevailing mood in this excerpt?                   2mks
  6. Illustrate two stylistic devices evident in this excerpt.    4mks
  • From your understanding of the entire text, explain and illustrate one way the Nasilian culture defines relationships. 2mks
  • In those days the water was so clean and clear that the pebbles on the riverbed were visible.

(Rewrite the sentence starting with; So…)                                                                                     1mk

  • LITERARY APPRECIATION

Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow:

MUNICIPAL DUTY

 

She stood by the wares
Her child tied to the back
Nibbling a dry slice
While she haggled with customers,
As people milled by

To this and from that care,

With scary eyes.

 

With no warning
She had gathered
The sack across the chest
Darted off
Like an antelope who has seen a lion.

He raced after her
Wielding the municipal club
Knocking off pedestrians

In the municipal rush.

 

The child shrieked like a police siren
But he wasn’t deterred

She looked behind

Gasping for scarce air

He only a step away.

 

Not caring for the lights she dashed into the street.

As he raised the rungu

The driver stepped on the brakes

The car skidded with momentum

Her mouth opened, dazed

But no sound came
Except the agonized crash

Of steel, flesh and macadam
Mashed

Leaving the uniformed phantom
Transfixed
Executing municipal duty.

 

Questions

  1. Explain briefly what happens in the poem. 4mks
  2. Who is the persona in the poem? 2mks
  3. Give evidence from the poem to show that the woman is poor. 2mks
  4. Identify an image used in the poem and comment on its effectiveness 2mks
  5. How is the askari’s inhumanity brought out in the poem? 4mks
  6. What is the persona’s attitude towards the askari in this poem?    2mks
  7. (i) She looked behind. Gasping for scarce air. (join the sentences using ‘as’) 1mk

(ii) He only a step away. (Rewrite the sentence to make it complete)                   1mk

  1. . Explain the meaning of the following lines in the context of the poem. (2mks)
  • (a) “nibbling a dry slice”

 

(b) “ Gasping for scarce air”.

 

  • GRAMMAR
  1. Rewrite each of the following sentences according to the instructions given. Do not change the meaning. 5mks
  • I do not want to see you anymore, please leave.(Begin: I would rather…)
  1. He will not pass his examination until he realizes the value of hardwork(Begin: Not …)
  • She was poor. She completed her schooling. (Join into one sentence using the words:’ in spite of’)
  1. Mariam would have won the competition if she had done enough practice.

(Rewrite starting with ‘Had …)

  1. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa.

(Rewrite using ‘larger’ instead of ‘largest’)

 

  1. Join the following sentence using a present participle. 1mk

The thief cut through the padlock. He opened the wooden door.

  1. Fill in the blank spaces using the most appropriate preposition. 2mks
  • He sits …………….. at least six committees.
  1. The lazy live …………….. the sweat of the diligent.

 

  1. Choose the correct pronoun from the options provided. 2mks
  • Between you and ………………. no other choice seems reasonable.(I/me)
  1. To ……………… (who/whom) are you sending this parcel?
  2. Rewrite the following sentence below, replacing the underlined idiomatic expression with words of a similar meaning. 1mk
  • Johnny had the best of both worlds because of his diverse heritage.
  1. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate form of the word in brackets 2mks
  • Kenya Premier League is still plagued by fan …………………………………….. (hooligan)
  1. He was …………………………………………. (mischief) named in the scandal
  2. Complete the following sentence using an infinitive formed from the verb in brackets 2mks
  • ……………………… (know) all is …………………………. (forgive) all.

BUNAMFAN

101/3

ENGLISH

PAPER 3 (Creative Composition and Essays based on Set Texts)

MARCH, 2020

Either

  1. Imaginative Composition (Compulsory) 20 marks
  2. a) Write a composition beginning with the words:

“You will serve as an example to the rest of the students in this school”, the principal said as he pushed me into his office.

Or

  1. b) Write a composition based on the saying, “Patience pays”.

 

  1. Drama (Compulsory) 20 marks

Henrik Ibsen, ‘A Doll’s House’

‘The play ‘A Doll’s House ‘is a reflection of the sacrificial role of women in family and society.’  Write an essay in support of this statement drawing illustrations from Henrik Ibsen’s ‘A Doll’s House’.

 

  1. Optional texts
  2. Memories we lost and other Stories

Life contrasts the way people live in the society. Justify this statement basing your illustrations using Hitting Budapest by No Violet Bulawayo

 

  1. Inheritance by David Mulwa

Resilience always pays. Validate this statement.

 

  1. The pearl by John Steinbeck
  2. c) Fortune makes individuals wish themselves and their families well. Write a composition to show the truthfulness of this statement.

 

4.   BUNAMFAN FORM 4 ENGLISH PAPER 2 TERM 1 2020

 

Questions 1: READING COMPREHENSION

  1. What shows that women take selfies seriously?    2mks

According to a poll in 2015, the average woman between 16 and 25 years old spends over five hours a weekü1. Also women take an average of seven shots to get one imageü1.

  1. Why does the author mention Kim Kardashian­? 2mks

The mention of Kim Kardashian illustrates the extent women go to get one imageü1; where Kim Kardashian said it takes about 15 to 20 shots. ü1

 

  1. Explain how selfies become harmful to those who take them. 3mks

When they become a measure of self-worthü1. Use of make up and multiple attempts one feels like they’re not going to stack-upü1. It also leads to a lot of self-scrutiny as girls try to perfect their own images and make comparisons to the pictures their peers are postingü1.

  1. What do you think is the different message one’s daughter gets when she opens Snapchat?    2mks

That they’re not as beautiful the way they are when she sees images of her peers that have used lenses that alter appearances seem more beautiful than she is. ü2

  1. Explain the relationship between self-esteem and social media. 3mks

Self-esteem often takes a hit when one starts comparing themselves too much to other people, which is something social media seems to be made for. A study found that frequently viewing selfies led to decreased self esteem and decreased life satisfaction/and another showed higher weight dissatisfaction and self-objectificationü3.

  1. Rewrite the following sentences as instructed: 2mks
  • “If you’re taking your kid to a concert, don’t allow them to film the whole thing and see it only through the eyes of the camera,” says Dr. Hamlet.

Dr. Hamlet says that if you are taking your kid to a concert, you should not allow them to film the whole thing and see it only through the eyes of the camera.

  1. Dr. Hamlet acknowledges that some of the filters are fun and distort in amusing ways, but also points out there’s a so-called “pretty filter” on Instagram and Snapchat. (Replace the underlined words with a suitable word)

purported/ alleged

  1. Illustrate and comment on the effectiveness of quotation from authority. 2mks

It lends support to the writer’s argumentü1 and shows that other people hold the same viewü1.

  1. Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage: 4mks
  2. stack-up – measure up
  3. overwhelming – vey great or intense
  4. self-esteem – confidence in one’s worth; self respect
  5. self-objectification – when people view themselves as objects for use.

 

Questions 2 EXCERPT

  1. What happens after this excerpt? (2mks)

Mama Milanoi wondered how they would have handled the question of Resian’s circumcision. She also wondered how Oloisudori would react when Resian rebuffed him. She feared for her daughter’s life.

  • How could the culture, Mama Milanoi is thinking about, come to her rescue in her current predicament basing your answer from elsewhere in the text? (4mks)

Culture would not have allowed Oloisudori, who was the age of her husband, be her son-in-lawü1. She would have appealed to the elders court which certainly would have ruled her husband out of order and possibly fined him together with his purported son-in-lawü1. Culture-abusers and their collaborators would have been shamed through a public rebuke and a cleansing ceremonyü1. Also, culture gave her room to call for mass action which was swift, vindictive and decisiveü1.

  1. Explain the relationship between the current state of the Nasila river and the Nasilian culture    4mks

Both the Nasila river and Nasilian culture have been pollutedü2. Mama Milanoi says that the water was no longer the water she drew when she was a little girl…the water had been pollutedü1. And so was Nasila culture…it was now defiled and polluted by the likes of Oloisudoriü1.

  1. Explain one way the Kaelo family find themselves at odds with the Nasilian culture. 2mks

-the Intoiyenemengalana status of ole Kaelo’s daughters, Resian and Taiyoü1. The girls had delayed in undergoing the circumcision against the society’s expectationü1.

-Ole Kaelo’s monogamous marriageü1.

  1. What do we learn about Resian from this excerpt? 2mks

-Assertive/Self-assured/Confident/Bold – no amount of intimidation or threats could easily break her/she knew her rights

-Independent-minded – she had an independent mind and was not easy to handle.

  1. Explain the major issue emerging from this excerpt? 2mks

Change -But Nasila water was no longer the water she drew when she was a little girl. / Yes, change was creeping in. Her daughters were different. They had gone through a school system that intermingled them with children from other cultures 

  1. What is the prevailing mood in this excerpt?    2mks

Melancholic – It would not be long, Mama Milanoi reasoned sorrowfully, before the life-giving water of Nasila began to sicken and kill./ Her daughter Resian, Mama Milanoi thought sadly, as she turned once more on her bed, was a hard nut to crack

  1. Illustrate two stylistic devices evident in this excerpt. 4mks

Idiomatic Expression – Her daughter Resian… was a hard nut to crack

Rhetorical questions – Was there no one to tame the likes of Oloisudori?

  1. From your understanding of the entire text, explain and illustrate one way the Nasilian culture defines relationships. 2mks

It dictates who one could marry and not marry. Taiyo is offended that she could not be in a relationship with Joseph Parmuat because they are from the same clan.

  • In those days the water was so clean and clear that the pebbles on the riverbed were visible.

(Rewrite the sentence starting with; So…)                                                                                     1mk

So clean and clear was the water that the pebbles on the riverbed were visible.

Questions 3: POETRY

  • Explain briefly what happens in the poem. 4mks

A woman hawker is selling her wares on a town street. Suddenly, a municipal askari appears and she quickly gathers her wares and takes flight as the askari chases her. She dashes across the street and unfortunately there is an oncoming car that runs into her, killing her instantly.

  1. Who is the persona in the poem? 2mks

An observer/bystander – the persona is an observer who observed the woman being chased by the askari: She stood by the wares/ Her child tied to the back

  • Give evidence from the poem to show that the woman is poor. 2mks

She has a child tied on her back and the child is nibbling on a dry slice. Also, we are told that all her wares are tied with a sack.

 

  1. Identify an image used in the poem and comment on its effectiveness 2mks

simile – like a police siren meaning that the scream was very loud

simile – like an antelope, meaning that the woman was terrified of the askari

metaphor – uniformed phantom meaning the askari acted strange and alien.

  1. How is the askari’s inhumanity brought out in the poem? 4mks

The askari wields the rungu menacingly. His humanity has been reduced by the frequent reference to him using ‘municipal’. He does not seem to have a personality or a mind of his own. He is a mindless robot performing his orders with no feeling as he chases the woman with the child across the road. At the very end he causes the death of the woman and he just remains a phantom seemingly not grasping the magnitude of what has happened.

  1. What is the persona’s attitude towards the askari in this poem?    2mks

Contemptuous/ scornful/ despising – Leaving the uniformed phantom/ Transfixed/ Executing municipal duty.

  1. (i) She looked behind. Gasping for scarce air. (join the sentences using ‘as’)               1mk

She looked behind as she gasped for scarce air.

(ii) He only a step away. (Rewrite the sentence to make it complete)                   1mk

He is only a step away.

  1. . Explain the meaning of the following lines in the context of the poem. (2mks)
    (a)  “nibbling a dry slice”

quick bites of bread by the hungry child

(b) “ Gasping for scarce air”.

Struggling to breathe in a crowded place while she is fleeing.

 

 

Grammar

  1. Rewrite each of the following sentences according to the instructions given. Do not change the meaning. 5mks
  2. I do not want to see you anymore, please leave.

 I would rather not see you anymore, please leave.

  • He will not pass his examination until he realizes the value of hardwork

 Not until he realizes the value of hardwork will he pass his examination.

  • She was poor. She completed her schooling. (Join into one sentence using the words:’ in spite of’)

In spite of being poor, she completed her schooling/ She completed her school in spite of being poor/ She completed her schooling in spite of her poverty

  1. Mariam would have won the competition if she had done enough practice.

(Rewrite starting with ‘Had …)

Had Mariam done enough practice, she would have won the race.

  1. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa.

(Rewrite using ‘larger’ instead of ‘largest’)

Lake Victoria is larger than any lake in Africa/ No other lake in Africa is larger than Lake Victoria

 

  1. Join the following sentence using a present participle. 1mk

The thief cut through the padlock. He opened the wooden door.

Cutting through the padlock, the thief opened the wooden door.

  • Fill in the blank spaces using the most appropriate preposition. 2mks
  • He sits __on_ at least six committees.
  1. The lazy live __off_ the sweat of the diligent.

 

  1. Choose the correct pronoun from the options provided. 2mks
  • Between you and _me_ no other choice seems reasonable.(I/me)
  1. To __whom___ (who/whom) are you sending this parcel?
  2. Rewrite the following sentence below, replacing the underlined idiomatic expression with words of a similar meaning. 1mk
  3. Johnny had the best of both worlds because of his diverse heritage.

                                    all the advantages

  1. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate form of the word in brackets 2mks
  • Kenya Premier League is still plagued by fan __hooliganism__ (hooligan)
  1. He was ______mischieviously____________ (mischief) named in the scandal
  2. Complete the following sentence using an infinitive formed from the verb in brackets 2mks
  3. __To know_ (know) all is _____to forgive__ (forgive) all.

 

 

BUNAMFAN  PRE-MOCK 2020

ENGLISH PAPER 3 – MARKING SCHEME

Question 1

  1. Imaginative composition.

 

Points of Interpretation.

  1. –Must begin the story with the given statement, if not deduct 2mks.
  • Must be a relevant story, if not deduct 4 marks AD for irrelevancy
  • Must be a story involving a student and the principal.
  • Cases of indiscipline develop the story. A resolution may be reached.
  • It must be in past tense, if not deduct 4 AD
  • Deduct 2 marks if length is more than 450 words’

– Must be a story, if not deduct 4 marks AD for irrelevancy.

– The story must illustrate the meaning of the saying.  It should not be a philosophical discussion of meaning, if philosophical, deduct 4 marks AD for irrelevancy.

 

 

Q.1.              Is intended to test the candidate’s ability to communicate in English.

Communication is established at different levels of intelligibility, correctness, fluency, pleasantness and originality within the constraints set by each question.

 

NB: It is linguistic ability of the candidate that should carry most marks.

 

Marks Categories

 

D  Class Composition            (01 – 05 marks)

 

– The candidate doesn’t communicate at all or has minimal linquistic ability.

– The subject is distorted, the examiner practically has to guess what the student wants to say.

– No valid punctuation.

– All kinds of errors.

 

C Class Composition (06 – 10 Marks)

  • Candidate communicates more or less clearly but not confidently.
  • The story is under developed.
  • Unnecessary repetitions and digressions.
  • The arrangement is weak and the flow is jerky.
  • Mother tongue interference is felt.
  • Mis-used proverbs, use of clichés, spelling errors, errors of agreement, tenses and simplistic ideas.

 

 

 

B Class Composition             –              (11 – 15 marks)

General characteristics

  • Greater fluency
  • Variety of sentences
  • Some items of merit
  • Gross errors may be found.
  • Good communication of ideas
  • Tenses, spellings and punctuations are good.

 

A-   Composition     –              (16 – 17 marks)

– Candidate communicates pleasantly.

– Few slips.

– Proverbs, idioms, vocabulary – well used.

– No grammar problems

– Many items of merit

 

A   Class  – 18 – 20  marks

– The candidate is highly competent

– Communicates his/her whole self – feelings and points of view.

– Many twists and turns.

– Original approach, vivid and sustained account.

– Well developed.

– Variety of sentences

– Many merit ticks.

– has a definite spark.

 

  1. Introduction

In the play ‘A Doll’s House’ by Henrik Ibsen, women play a significant role in the family and society at large.  This is achieved through Nora, Christine and the Nurse.

(Accept any other relevant introduction.)

CONTENT

-Mrs Linde loves Krogstad and would have wanted to marry him.  She, however, has to abandon him and, instead marry a rich man. She does this in order to take care of her sick mother and two brothers.

-Nora asks her if it’s true that she did not love her love husband and why she married him.  She sacrifices her love for Krogstad because her mother was alive then, and bedridden and helpless and she had to provide for her two younger brothers.  Her late husband had the wealth Christine needed to take care of both her ailing mother and her two siblings.  No wonder Nora says that she looks older.  She has sacrificed a lot for her mother and younger brothers.  However, the business was a precarious one when the husband died. It soon went to pieces and there was nothing left.  Then, she turned her hand to anything she could find, first a small shop, then a small school, and so on. (pg14).

 

Nora herself makes a huge sacrifice to save her husband’s life. She borrows 250 pounds from Krogstad and forges her father’s signature to be able to save Torvalds’s life.  This is at a time when in society a woman could not obtain a loan without her husband’s permission.  For nearly ten years Nora has to work hard and in secret and live on bare minimum so as to pay the loan.  It expose her to blackmail from Krogstad.  The man whose life she turns against her and calls her a criminal and declares her morally incapable of raising her own children.  Nora is forced to leave everything behind including her home and her children.

 

Nora tells her husband, Torvald, that even though men refuse to sacrifice their integrity, ‘hundreds of thousands of women have’.  And while talking to Krogstad, Nora justifies, forging her father’s signature.  She had done so to save her husband’s life.  And when Krogstad retorts that his own act of forging someone’s signature was not worse than hers; she loudly wonders whether he was brave enough to run a risk to save his wife’s life.  In other words, it’s only women who made such sacrifices.

Anne, the nurse to Nora’s children has also had to make a huge sacrifice.  She had to leave her child so as to earn a living.  When Nora asks her how she could willingly put her child out among strangers, she says that she did not want to but was obliged.  She describes herself as a poor girl who got into trouble and adds that ‘that wicked man didn’t do a single thing for her’. (pg. 50).

 

 

Conclusion.

It is evident in the play that women have made sacrifices for their spouses, parents and children.

  1. c) Fortune makes individuals wish themselves and their families well. Write a composition to show the truthfulness of this statement.

 

 

 

 

3(a)

Introduction

People in Paradise and Budapest contrast in their way of life in terms of economy where by poverty is paralleled with abundance and extreme wealth.

Li) Recreational facilities

This is evident in the distribution of facilities of comfort. In Budapest, along Hope Street there is a big stadium with glimmering benches that children in Paradise will never sit on (pg 97) . Children in Budapest can afford to listen to good music , not Kwaito or dance hall like in Paradise(pg 100).Mello takes pictures for fun .She has a nice pink camera which fascinates the children because it is not in their experience .No wonder, taking pictures does not appeal to the children at all.

Lii) Food

Hunger pangs drives children into stealing guavas fruits as Budapest chocks in plenty and waste.

The children sneak out of their dwelling place and go to steal guavas because of hunger.

The narrator says he would die for guavas or anything because his stomach feels like somebody just took a shovel and dug everything out (pg 97).They have stolen from Chipo’s uncle’s trees , they have harvested all the fruits at SADC street and now they are adventuring in the IMF street where they are sure to find some . By the time they get back to paradise the stomachs are so full they will just drink water for the night, listen to Mother of Bone’s stories and go to sleep. Contrast this to the experience of Budapest where the woman comes out eating ice cream and can afford to throw the remains into the waste bin .The children wonder because they have never seen anybody throw food away (pg 100).

Liii) Clothing and Water.

These are lacking in Paradise whereas there is plenty in Budapest. When Mello run her hands in her hair which looked matted and dirty the narrator wonders and wishes that he was in Budapest(pg 101).Even clothing is a problem in Paradise .God knows shorts are torn at the ugly one cannot tell cannot tell whether he is a man or a woman .In Budapest , Mello is wearing a neat dress .She is clean and pretty, like a baby. She adorns jewelry and her skin is smooth brown and does not have a scar. (pg 100,101)

 

 

Liv) Housing and Shelter

Paradise and Budapest are two worlds apart, The narrator states  that people in Paradise live in shanties and shacks whereas Budapest is characterized with big houses with graveled yards and tall fences and walls and flowers and green trees, heavy with guava fruits to steal, page 98.They argue about and adopt houses they can only dream page 102,103.

 

Lv) Interaction

This is characterized by levels of interaction and relationships in Budapest and Paradise Children in Paradise interact easily and even plan to go and steal guava fruits from the neighborhood. Women and men can have time for each other page 97,98,102,The narrator tells us of Mother of Bones telling them stories in the evenings  before they sleep. Budapest on the other hand is deserted and forlorn. The narrator says, “Budapest is like a different country….But not an ordinary country –it looks like everybody woke up one day and closed their gates, doors and windows; picked their passports and left…Even the air is empty; no burning things, no smell of cooking food or something rotting; just plain air with nothing in its hands “page 100,101.

Conclusion

From the above illustrations it is evident that disparity is common in life.

(Any other relevant point).

b)

Introduction.

We are faced with many difficult situations but it should never be the end of everything. We should press on just like Lulu,,Bengo,ReverendSangoi

Ri) Citizens

The citizens of Kutula are subjected to inhumane conditions. They are mistreated,killed,maimed,exploited intimidated and denied their rights .These barbaric acts set them against the cruel regime of Lacuna Kasso,these bad experiences do not put them down but they revolt and are unable to move on as liberated citizen.

Rii) Bengo

Bengo preaches the message of the removal of the dictatorial regime, even when in prison; he still communicates to the people and this confirmed by Lulu who says they got his message even when he is in prison, he does not even give up the fight to see removal of bad leadership even after being imprisoned for more than ten years. He comes out and proceeds with the revolutions and rebellion against Lacuna, this eventually comes to fruition when Lacuna is toppled.

 

Riii) Reverend Sangoi

Lacuna says “…Now my sister..is it possible that this pig headedness, this silent rebellion…has anything to do with you?…Drastic measures will be taken against all dissidents…”(pg; 67, 68) ….she will pay heavily for her revolution, she doesn’t give in….she pushes to the end. She leads rebels and revolutionists who are tired of with the cruel regime. She leads the [people in a march against the regime of Lacuna Kasoo, which leads to Lacuna being removed from leadership in a civil changeover; Lacuna is apprehended and awaits common law to be charged.

 

R iv) Lulu

Lacuna, who is many times over her father’s age, makes advances; he even detains her against her will at the palace. He kisses her forcefully and wants to marry her against her will. She does not fear to air her concerns and say what she wants. She candidly tells the leader to let her go home. “Your Excellency! I want to leave. I want to go home to my mother.” (pg; 93)…”it’s not possible! Me! Your Excellency, I’m your daughter many times over, and still in school.”(pg; 93). She does not give in. she remains chaste just as her mother taught her.

 

Conclusion:

Resilient people always excel in life.

 

(Any other relevant point).

 

C,

Introduction:

When people get wealth, or fortune, they always wish to improve themselves and their family members just as we see Kino.

F i) Wedding.

When Kino finds the pearl of the world, he sees good things coming to his family; in the pearl he saw Juana, Coyotito and himself, standing and kneeling at the high altar, and they were being married now that they could pay. He spoke softly, “we will be married in church”. Even when the Priest comes, and asks whether they are married, Juana tells him they will get married in church.

 

Fii) Clothes

In the pearl, he saw how they were dressed- Juana in a shawl stiff with newness and a new skin, and from under the long skirt, Kino could see that she wore shoes. He himself dressed in new white clothes and he carried a new hat- not of straw but of fine black felt- and he too wore shoes- not sandals, but shoes that laced. He saw Coyotito in a blue sailor suit from the United States, and a little yachting cap such as Kino had seen once when a pleasure boat put into the estuary. All these things, Kino saw in the lucent pearl, and he said, “we will have new clothes”.

Fiii) Harpoon

Kino wanted a harpoon to take the place of one lost a year ago, a new harpoon of iron with a ring in the end of the shaft; and- his mind could hardly make the leap-a riffle- but why not since he was so rich and Kino saw Kino in the pearl, Kino holding a Winchester carbine.

 

F iv) Coyotito

He sees Coyotito sitting at a little desk in school, just as Kino had once seen it through an open door. And Coyotito was dressed in a jacket, and he had a white collar and a broad silken tie. Moreover, Coyotito was writing on a big piece of paper. Kino looked at his neighbors fiercely, and said his son would go to school and the neighbors were hushed. He says his son will read and open books, he will write and make numbers. He sees all these in the pearl.

Conclusion:

From the above illustrations, we see Kino had good intentions when he got the pearl.

(Any other relevant point).

 

(Accept any other relevant conclusion)

INTRODUCTION……..2MKS

CONTENT……….4 POINTS@ 3MKS=12MKS

LINGUISTIC ABILITY………4MKS

CONCLUSION………….2MKS

 

 

 

EMBU THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL

KENYA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION

101/1                                         ENGLISH                                         Paper 1

(Functional skills)

Dec. 2020 – 2 Hours

 

 

 

  1. FUNCTIONAL WRITING
  • Sawasawa Institute of Technology, a new college in Embu Town wishes to invite applications for computer Engineering, Hotel management, Nursing and Medical laboratory as well as Early childhood Education. Only those who have attained a KCSE mean grade of C+ qualify.  Applications should reach the Director before 4th January 2021.  Write an advertisement in the local dailies for this. (8mks)

 

  • Write a confidential letter you receive from the principal in your former school, recommending you for admission to SawaSawa Institute. (12mks)
  1. CLOZE TEST ( 10MKS)

__________________is the impact of COVID-19 on patients seeking services for other diseases?  Many governments in Africa ____________________(2) measures to combat the spread of COVID-19.  __________________(3) some of the measures totally disrupted the supply chain and health care service delivery system as all ________________(4) were focused on COVID-19.  Governments diverted personnel and resources away ________________(5) priority diseases. Patients with HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, cancer, hypertension, hepatitis B, epilepsy, sickle cell as well as mental health, ___________________(6) or childhood conditions, faced an increased risk of complications and death due ____________(7) inability to access healthcare because of transport restrictions, _______________(8) and fear of contracting the virus from healthcare settings.  The situation was made ___________________(9) by existing healthcare system challenges which include among other inadequate human resources, financial, infrastructural, supply chain and logistical.

  1. ORAL SKILLS
  2. Read the poem below then answer the questions that follow.

Henry King

The Chief Defect of Henry King

Was chewing little bits of string

At last he swallowed some which tied

Itself in ugly notes inside

Physicians of the utmost Fame

Were called at once; but when they came

They answered, as they took their fees

“There is not cure for this disease.

Henry will soon be dead.”

His parents stood about his bed

Lamenting his ultimately death

When Henry with his Latest Breath

Cried, ‘Oh, my friends, be warned by me

That Breakfast, Dinner, Lunch and tea

Are all the Human frame requires.

With that the wretched Child expires.

 

  1. Describe the rhyme scheme for the above poem. (2mks)

 

  1. Identify and explain how you would use any two non-verbal cues when reciting the above poem. (4mks)

 

  • Apart from rhythm, identify two other sound devices used in this poem. (4mks)
  1. How would you say the last line and why? (2mks)
  2. Your class has been invited to participate in The Great Debaters contest together with other

schools in the county.  You are one of those students to represent your class which will be

opposing the motion that “Kenyan should support the Building Bridges Initiative.”

 

  1. How would you adequately prepare for this debate? (4mks)
  2. Why will it be necessary for you to look directly at the people when debating? (2mks)

 

  • Why will you consider using pauses when speaking? (2mks)
  1. For each of the following words, write a word that has a similar pronunciation.
  2. Side
  3. Baize
  • Greys
  1. Threw

 

  1. You have attended a one day seminar. After the seminar, one of your friends is advised to

observe and respect other persons’ space, especially the one sitting next to him or her.  What

personal space could this person have failed to observe.  (2mks)

 

  1. Read the conversation below between two students from MasomoMazuri High School

    and then answer the questions that follow.

 

WAKONYO: (Shortly after attending an English symposium) Good morning, Kebu, How are

you fairing on with your academic work?

KEBU:  Good morning, I don’t even wish to talk about my performance.  I didn’t get the score

I had promised.

WAKONYO: Come on, Kebu, you are taking your failure too much to heart.  I know it’s a

great disappointment to score a grade below what you expected in the pre-mocks and I

sympathize with you but you must not allow it to make you sound unhappy.

KEBU: (Looks sullen) it is all very well for a lucky lass like you, Wakonyo.  You have passed

and you would not feel cheerful if you were in my place.

WAKONYO: (Leaning forward) I know, but you must pull yourself together, and wake your

mind up.  You will pass next time.  Remember the old saying, “if at first you don’t succeed,

try, try, try again!

KEBU: I think the other version of the saying has more sense to it.  “If at first you don’t

succeed, quit quit, quit at once!

WAKONYO: (Nodding her head encouragingly) Mmm……….

KEBU: I should just give-up

WAKONYO: Oh nonsense! You will never do anything if you don’t persevere.  Now why do

you think you failed?

KEBU: Last term had been very challenging for me.  I was down with malaria for three weeks

and I could not prepare properly.

WAKONYO: Well, you did have bad luck, I am sorry, but I am sure you will do well in the

mocks and National Exams, so you must make your mind to win through.

KEBU: I wish I had your will-power.  Still, I will take your advice and put more effort.

WAKONYO: That’s the way forward! And I am sure you will register a better grade next

time.

 

  1. Although interrupting a speaker if often taken to be impolite, there are times when such interruption would be welcome. Cite two such instances.  (2mks)

 

  1. Identify and explain two strengths in Wakonyo’s speaking and listening skills. (2mks)

 

EMBU

FORM FOUR END   TERM 2 EXAM

Kenya certificate of secondary education (KCSE)

Dec. 2020

101/2

ENGLISH

 

  1. Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

 

A team of researchers from institutions in the United Kingdom and Kenya has been conducting research to explain Kenya’s comparatively low COVID-19 infection and death rates.  In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes analyzing blood from donors in Kenya for SARS-COV-2 antibodies as a means to estimate infection rates in that country.

 

As the world continues to grapplewith the global pandemic, Africa has begun to stand out from other regions.  Infection rates and deaths from COVID-19 have remained much lower across the continent (except South Africa) than in most of the rest of the world.  Thus far, little work has addressed why African infection rates have been lower, but some experts in the field suggest it is likely due to demographics-the average age of people across Africa is much lower than in other parts of the world.  Others suggest it might simply be a matter of less accurate reporting of infections and deaths.  In this new effort, the researchers sought to discover which explanation is more likely.  To that end, they conducted a study of donated blood in Kenya – a country in Africa that, like the rest of the continent, has not seen the sky-high infection and deaths rates found in other parts of the world.

 

The work involved analyzing blood samples collected from donors across the country over the months April to June.  Each sample was tested for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies – a sign that the person who had donated the blood had experienced a COVID-19 infection.  The researchers found that approximately 4.3 percent of the donor samples had SARS-Cov-2 antibodies, which, the researchers suggest, indicates that approximately the same percent of the population had been infected – a very high number compared to the number of deaths reported for the same period: roughly 341.  They note that during the same time period, Spain had roughly   the same percentage of infections but experienced 28,000 deaths.

 

The researchers were not able to explain why death rates from COVID-19 infections appeared to be lower in Kenya than in other parts of the word, but suggest it might be due to the low average age of people living there.  However, they also acknowledge that they might have seen higher-than-average infection rates in their study because people in Kenya who are willing to donate blood might also be more likely to have been infected.  They also suggest the possibility that people in Kenya might simply have more natural resistance to such infections.

 

(Adapted from The East African September 23rd, 2020)

 

  • What was the mission of the team of researchers mentioned in the passage?  (2mks)
  • Explain how Africa’s Covid-19 pandemic situation is unique. (2mks)
  • In point form, summarize the reasons given to explain the uniqueness identified in question (b) (3mks)
  • Why is Spain mentioned in this passage? (2mks)
  • What is the overall tone of this passage? (3mks)
  • According to the passage, what was the bias for the higher-than-average infection rates in the study conducted by the researchers in Kenya? (2mks)
  • The study discussed in this passage can be said to be inconclusive. Explain why.  (2mks)
  • Rewrite the statement below to add a question tag. (1mk)

“Others suggest it might simply be a matter of less accurate reporting of infections and deaths”

  • Explain the meanings of the following words and phrase as used in the passage. (3mks)

(i)   Grapple with……………………………………………………………………………

(ii)   Expert………………………………………………………………………………

(iii)   Roughly……………………………………………………………………………

 

  1. 2. Read the excerpt below and then answer the questions that follow.

 

When their mother spoke to them later, emphasizing what their father had told them, theywore blank faces and deliberately concealed their reaction.  She therefore, did not realize that they held extremely divergent views.

That was the most exciting news that Taiyo had received ever since they came to Nasila.  She was exultant.  Although their father never for once mentioned that Joseph Parmuat was to coach her in traditional music and dance, the fact that he had allowed them to interact with him filled her heart with joy.  She could hardly hide her elation.  Even the repeated assertion that Joseph Parmuat was their brother by virtue of their cultural links, failed to daunt her spirits. Was she simply infatuated with him?  If she was, she hoped the feeling would soon simmer down.  What pleased her most, however, was that she now had a confidant whom she could ask some of those embarrassing questions that she could not dare ask her mother or anybody else.

 

It was, however, different for Resian.  Deep right into her heart she was seething with ire.  It irked her terribly to have had to listen to their father as he prepared them for a journey that she thought was to lead them   back to the stone-age era.  She scornfully dismissed the cultural coaching that Joseph Parmuat was to undertake as worthless.  She likened the whole saga to a grown-up person whose mind degenerated into an idiot and had to content with playing with mud.  It was utter foolishness!

 

“It may not be a bad as you imagine, little sister,” Taiyo said, trying to mollify her angry sister, “maybe by the time brother Parmuat is through with us, we shall be the wiser.”

 

“Wiser indeed!” jeered Resian, “Yes, by the time he shall be through with us, we shall have been taught a great lesson in stoicism.  We won’t blink or wince even as enkamuratani mutilates our sexuality into smithereens!”

 

Questions

  • Briefly state what the father had earlier on told his daughters.  (3mks)
  • From elsewhere in the novel, state and explain two issues regarding Nasilian culture that Joseph Parmuat taught the girls about. (4mks)
  • Discuss any two thematic concerns raised in this excerpt. (4mks)
  • What do we learn about Taiyo in this excerpt? (2mks)
  • Describe the attitude of Resian towards the proposed cultural coaching. (3mks)
  • Identify and illustrate any two stylistic devices evident in this excerpt. (4mks)
  • “….to listen to their father as he prepared them for a journey….” What journey was this? (1mk)
  • Give the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in this excerpt. (4mks)

(i) Wore blank faces……………………………………………………………………….

(ii)  Simmer down…………………………………………………………………………

(iii)  Ire…………………………………………………………………………………….

(iv)  Mollify………………………………………………………………………………..

 

  1. Read the poem below and answer the following questions.

 

We Wear the Mask

 

We wear the mask that grins and lies.

It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,

This debt we pay to human guile;

With torn and bleeding hearts we smile,

And mouth with myriad subtleties.

 

Why should the world be over-wise,

In counting all our tears and sighs?

Nay, let them only see us, while

We wear the mask.

 

We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries

To thee from tortured souls arise.

We sing, but oh the clay is vile

Beneath our feet, and long the mile;

But let the world dream otherwise,

We wear the mask!

 

By Paul Laurence Dunbar

(Adapted from “We Wear the Mask.” The Collected Poetry of Paul Laurence Dunbar. Ed. Joanne M. Braxton.  Charlottesville:  University Press of Virginia, 1993, Print.)

 

Questions

 

  • Briefly describe what the poem is about.  (3mks)

 

  • Comment on the effectiveness of using the pronoun “we” instead of “I” in this poem. (2mks)

 

  • Why is it important that the mask “hides cheeks and shades eyes” instead of other parts of the face? (2mks)

 

  • Identify two lines in the poem that illustrates the poet’s use of personification. (2mks)

 

  • Explain any other two literary devices used in the poem. (4mks)

 

  • What does this poem reveal about the character of the persona (e) (2mks)

 

  • Why do you think in the present day some people still chose to “wear the mask” (2mk)

 

  • Summarize the central theme of this poem with an appropriate proverb. (1mk)

 

  • Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the poem. (2mks)

 

(i)  Guile………………………………………………………………………….

 

(ii)  Thee…………………………………………………………………………

 

 

  1. GRAMMAR

 

  • Rewrite the following sentences according to instructions given after each. Do not change the meaning. (3mks)

 

(i)  The young man did not join a public university.

He did not pass the exam.  (Rewrite as one sentence beginning:  If……..)

 

(ii)  I never thought I would ever be a minister.

(Begin: Not once……….)

 

(iii)  Many dignitaries attended the seminar.  They were from all over Africa.  (Combine

into one sentence using a relative pronoun)

 

  • Fill in the blank with the correct preposition. (3mks)

 

(i)   Our school is equidistant ___________________ the two shopping centres.

 

(ii)  ________________________scientific investigations, HIV and AIDS is mainly

transmitted through bodily fluids.

(iii)  _________________________________popular belief, lightning can strike twice in

the same place.

 

  • Fill in each blank space with the correct form of the word in brackets. (3mks)

 

(i)  The baby had __________________________ there crying for hours when the

mother returned.

(ii)  Swiss watches are known for their ________________(precise)

(iii)  It is important to follow ____________________(syllabus) when revising for

various subjects.

 

  • Complete the following with an appropriate quantifier from the list given below. (3mks)

(i)  As the drought intensified, the school cow produced _________________milk.

(ii)  Don’t worry, __________________________   paraffin will push you till mid-night

(iii)  Since the game is quite risky, ____________________ students participate in it.

 

  • Replace the underlined words with one word. (1mk)

 

(i)  The rising value of the shilling has positively affected the economy of the country

 

  • Explain the difference in meaning between the following pair of sentences. (2mks)

 

(i)  Mutunga has ten-day-old puppies in this kennel.

(ii)  Mutunga has ten day-old puppies in this kennel.

EMBU

THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL

Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

101/3                                                        ENGLISH                                                        Paper 3

(Creative Composition and Essays Based on set texts)

Dec. 2020 – 2 ½ hours

 

  1. Imaginative composition   (20 marks)

Either

  • Write a composition beginning with the following statement:

“The moment I walked away, I knew it was the beginning of a better life ahead…

Or

  • Write a story to illustrate the saying

“Health is wealth”

  1. The compulsory set Text A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen    (20 marks)

“Too much selfishness has repercussions” Write an essay to show the truth in this assertion in reaction to Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House.

  1. The Optional Set Texts (20 marks)

Answer any one of the following three questions

  • Memories we Lost and Other Short Stories.

Showing love and care to people living with metal diseases enables them to improve   their states.  Drawing evidence from “The Umbrella Man” by Siddhartha Gigoo, write an essay supporting this view.

  • Drama Inheritance By David Mulwa

Basing your argument on David Mulwa’sInheritance, write an essay showing how citizens suffer due to bad leadership.

  • The Novel John Steinbeck, The Pearl

Juana is a character who reasons sensibly. Basing your illustration on John

Steinbeck’s The Pearl, write an essay to validate this statement.

 

 

 

ENGLISH PAPER 1 101/1

MARKING SCHEME                                                                                                          SAWS

  1. Points of interpretation
  • Must be an advert if not deduct 2mks
  • Should include:
  • Name of the institution ( ½ mk)
  • Invitation (1mk)
  • Courses offered (1mk)
  • Qualifications ( ½ mk)
  • Date expected ( ½ mk)
  • Contact address of the director ( ½ mk)
  • Must be in frame ( ½ mk)
  • Must be eye catching ( ½ mk)
  • Must be clear to understand ( ½ mk)
  • Must be brief ( ½ mk)
  • Language ( 2mks)

Total = 8mks

 

 

 

  1. (b) POINTS OF INTERPRETATION

Must be an official letter (if not deduct 1mk)

Format   4mks

Addresses  – two  @ ½ mk = 1mk

Date   ½ mk

Salutation – Dear ½ mk

Subject  ½ mk

Valediction – yours faithfully ½ mk

Signature ½ mk

Position/Description ½ mk

Content  4mks

  • Nature of the relationship must be established, duration of the relationship. 1mk
  • Must include the course applied for (1mk)
  • Information about the student/why they think they are qualified (1mk)
  • Willingness to provide further information/include information incase of further questions to be answered. (1mk)
  • Language/Tone (4mks)

A    4mks

B    3mks

C   2mks

D   1mk

 

  1. CLOZE TEST ( 10MKS)

 

  1. What (must begin with a capital letter)
  2. took
  3. However, (must begin with a capital letter and followed by a comma)
  4. efforts (plural)
  5. from
  6. maternal
  7. to
  8. curfew
  9. worse
  10. challenges/problems

 

  1. ORAL SKILLS

 

  1. Aabbccddeeffgghh. (1mk) It is regular  (1mk)

 

  1. Gestures e.g stretch out hand to indicate ‘picking of fees’

Facial expression e.g putting on a sad face to indicate the new Henry will soon be dead

Tone variation – falling intonation for the last line, rising intonation for the first line

Any other suitable.  Award and 1mk for identification and 1mk for illustration

 

  • Consonance ………chief defect……..

Assonance…………chewing little bits of string

Alliteration ………at last he swallowed some…….

Sibilance/Sibilant sounds …….. he swallowed some

Any two well illustrated.  Award 1mk for identification and 1mk for illustration.  The sound, not the word must be underlined.  Candidate can also highlight the sound this /f/,/i/,/s/ after writing down the words where the device is found.

 

  1. Slowly and emphatically/with a fall in intonation – to produce the dramatic mood of death/signifies the end of the poem.
  2. (i) -research thoroughly on the topic

– make short note that will form part of the points you will raise

– time yourself

– Identify suitable verbal and non verbal cues to use

– dress smartly for the occasion to build confidence

Award any other suitable answer

 

                (iiTo get feedback from the audience/know how they are reacting to your

Presentation.

To give your audience a positive impression about yourself

To impress their moods

(iii)   To draw attention

To  allow the audience think/internalize what you have said

To draw in breath/To relax

 

  1. (i)  Sighed

(ii)  Bays

(iii)  Graze

(iv)  Through

 

  1. – Whispering during the session

–  Checking/peeping at the other person’s notes

–  Getting distracted by the phone

–  Leaning on the seat-mate

–  Patting on the other person’s shoulder or back unnecessarily

–  Fidgeting

(Any other relevant answer  (2mks @ 1mk)

 

  1. (i) Interruption is welcome  (2mks)

–  When the speaker distorts facts

–  When the listener wishes to seek for clarification

–  When the speaker digresses from the topic

–  When the speaker is not audible

–  If the speaker has missed a crucial part of the discussion

(ii)  She listens attentively to Kebu without interrupting.  (2mks)

  • She puts herself in Kebu’s shoes and tries to understand his position
  • Tries to lessen the tension by lowering Kebu’s anger
  • Explains clearly why she disagrees with Kebu and tries to tackle the problem soberly.
  • Uses polite language” …. I am sorry….”
  • Empathizes with Kebu”….. I am sorry…..”
  • Assures her al will be well

EMBU ENGLISH  PAPER 2 101/2

MARKING SCHEME

Question 1: Comprehension (20 marks)

  • To conduct research so as to explain Kenya’s comparatively low COVID-19 infection and death rates.  (2mks)

 

  • Save for South Africa, the continent has experienced much lower infection rates and deaths from COVID-19 than in most of the rest of the world. (2mks)

 

  • – demographics – Africa has a relatively young population as compared to other parts of

the world.  (1mk)

– Less accurate reporting of infections and deaths.  (1mk)

–  Africans might simply have more natural resistance to such infections.  (1mk)

 

NB: Must be written in point form, otherwise penalize 50% of the total marks

 

  • Spain is mentioned to show how low the number of COVID-19 related deaths were in Kenya (between the months of April-June) (2mks)

 

  • – Informative/educational (2mks) – the passage provides useful information regarding the

low COVID-19 infection rates and deaths in Africa.     (1mk)

 

  • Higher-than-average infection rates were observed in this study because people in Kenya who are willing to donate blood might be more likely to have been infected.(2mks)

 

  • The researchers did not find hard evidence/were unable to explain why death rates from COVID-19 infections appeared to be lower in Kenya than in other parts of the world. (2mks)

 

  • Others suggest it might simply be a matter of less accurate reporting of infections and deaths, don’t they? (1mk) (NB:   Do not award if the question mark or comma are

missing)

  • (i) Grapple with – deal with/contend with/handle/manage  (1mk)

 

(ii)  Experts – Specialists/Professionals (1mk)  (NB: must be in plural)

 

(iii)  Roughly – approximately/nearly/around(1mk)

Question 2: Excerpt from Blossoms of the savannah by H.R.OleKulet.  (25 marks)

 

  • –  That Joseph Parmuat was their brother/they all belonged to the same clan and

sub-   clan.  (1mk)

–  It was important that they learnt the habits, traditions and the culture of Nasila

(1mk)

–  He considered the girls intelligent.  (1mk)

–  He warned them of some cultural demands that they would find unpleasant and

offensive.  (1mk)

–  That these unpleasant traditions nurture and bound the Nasalia people together

–  Families that refused to rejoin their people had been destroyed by alien

cultures.(1mk)

(Any 3 points 1mk @ = 3 marks

 

  • – The origin of FGM – that it was initiated by women themselves about 200 years

earlier as a result of sexual abuse and harassment by Olarinkoi and his worriers.

(2mks)

–  The kinds of loves that young people in Nasila were involved in-the elangatare

which was a competitive love and patureishi which was a platonic love.  (2mks)

 

  • Love and friendship (1mk) – Taiyo is strongly attracted to Joseph Parmuat and

considers him a close confidant.  (1mk)

 

–  Tradition/culture (1mk) – Joseph Parmuat is related to the girls through cultural

links/the girls are to undergo a cultural coaching.  (1mks)

 

–  Conflict/antagonism  (1mk) – Resian is opposed to her father’s idea of having

Them undergo cultural coaching.

 

  • Amenable/agreeable(1mk) – She readily agrees with her father’s idea of having

Parmuat train them about Nasilian Culture.  (1mk)

 

–  Loving/caring (1mk) – She tries to soothe her sister’s anger (1mk)

(Identification = 1 mark; illustration = 1 marks)

 

  • – Scornful/contemptuous/defiant/rebellious  (2mks)  – She scornfully dismissed the

cultural coaching that Joseph Parmuat was to undertake as worthless.  (1mk)

 

  • Dialogue/direct speech – Resian holds a conversation with her sister Taiyo.

–  Local dialectenkamuratani.

–  Sarcasm – “Wiser indeed,” jeered Resian

Imagery (simile) – “she likened the whole saga to a grown up……”

     (identification = 1 mark; illustration = 1mark)

  • The process of the cultural practice of female genital mutilation (FGM)  (1mk)

 

  • – Wore blank faces – were expressionless/were impassive/were straights faced. (1mk)

–  Simmer down – calm/cool down  (1mk)

–  Ire – anger/rage/fury/wrath  (1mk)

–  Mollify – calm/soothe (1mk)

 

Question 3: Poetry

  • The poem is about how people hide their sadness/pain/agony behind a smiling/happy face. (1mk)  These people do not want the world (other people) to see their sadness.  (1mk)  They admit that it’s not easy to keep up the pretense and call for divine help.  (1mk)  However, they resolve to never admit their sadness.  (1mk)

 

  • – It clarifies that the speaker isn’t the only one who conceals his/her emotions – everyone

does, to some degree this underscoring the prevalence of the practice.  (3mks)

– It helps to include the reader among those who conceal their emotions which builds

empathy.  (2mks)

–  It sets up two opposing groups in the poem- those f us who hide our pain and them, the

world who are not a part of our group and this helps to intensify the

antagonism/conflict.  (2mks)

  (Any 1 point 2mks @ = 2mks.  NB: Candidate must comment o the effectiveness

  otherwise do not award)

 

  • It is important to mask these two parts of our face because they easily betray our true emotions/others would easily notice our sadness especially the tears from our eyes that flow sown our cheeks. (2mks)

 

  • – We wear the mask that grins and lies (1mk)

–  It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes.  (1mk)

–  But let the world dream otherwise.  (1mk)

(Any 2 points 1m @ = 2mks)

 

  • Rhyme (1mk) – eyes/lies, guile/smile: enhances rhythm etc.  (1mk)

–  Repetition (1mk) – we wear the mask: enhances rhythm (1mk)

–  Metaphor (1mk) – the mask – to mean cheerful/happy facial expression.  (1mk)

–  Apostrophe (1mk) –  The persona directly addresses Christ I an appeal for His

intervention.  (1mk)

–  Biblical allusion (1mk) – O great Christ: shows desperation hence invokes God’s

intervention (1mk)

 

–  Paradox (1mk) – With torn and bleeding hearts we smile: emphasizes pretense,

endurance  (1mk)

                                (Any 2 points 2mks @ = 4mks

  • – Strong/resilient/stoic (1mk) Smiles through pain to conceal his/her suffering  (1mk)

–  Spiritual/Religious/Pious (1mk) – Asks Christ to help with the difficult journey.

(1mk)

  • In the present day, some people chose to conceal their pain and suffering due to the fear of being stigmatize/ridiculed/rejected or judged. (2mks)

 

  • – Looks are deceiving (1mk)

–  Do not judge a book by its cover  (1mk)

(Any other appropriate proverb)

 

  • – Guile – treachery/deceit/deception/duplicity  (1mk)

–  Thee – you  (1mk)

 

  1. GRAMMAR

(a)   (i)  If the young man had passed the exam, he would have joined a public university.

(ii)  Not once did I think I would be a minister

(iii)   Many dignitaries who attended the seminar came from all over Africa.

 

(b)  (i)  from

(ii)  According to/Through/By (penalize for wrong punctuation)

(iii)  contrary to

 

(c)  (i)   lain

(ii)  precision

(iii)  syllabi

 

(d)  (i)  little

(ii)  a little

(iii)  few

 

(e)  appreciation

 

(f)  (i)  tem-day-old: number. Not given but the puppies were aged ten days

(ii)  ten day – old: puppies were ten in number each aged one day old

 

ENGLISH PAPER 3 MARKING SCHEME DEC.,2020

  1. Imaginative composition

(a)  Points of interpretation

–  Must be a story.  If not deduct up to 4 mks AD (Irrelevancy)

–  The story must begin with the given statement if not deduct 2mks  (AD) (Rubric)

– Must be told in the first person

–  Must present a credible scenario depicting from the sentence given.

– Can either present a scenario depicting surprise, a good fortune before him or her

because of some major achievement/survival/escape

 

(b)  –  Must be a story.  If not deduct up to 4mks  (AD) (Irrelevancy)

–  The story must be illustrative of the saying.  If not deduct 2mks (AD)

–  The candidates should make no attempt of defining the saying.  If it happens

deduct 2mks AD for digression

–  The candidate should create and sustain a scenario of one who put so

much on riches rather than physical and mental fitness.  This does not bring

contentment to his or her life but rather suffering.

–  Still a scenario where one is physically and mentally fit enjoys life

and is contented without riches.

 

NB: For both (a) and (b), candidate MUST NOT exceed 450 words.  If not, deduct 2mks AD (length).   However, penalize only ONCE i.e the highest deduction.

 

Use the KNEC marking guidelines on classes given below.

D (01-05) – Does not communicate at all

  • Minimal language ability
  • Subject glanced at or distorted
  • No valid punctuation
  • All kinds of errors

C (06-10) – Communicates understandably but only more or less clearly/flat

  • Not confident with language
  • Subject often underdeveloped
  • Some digressions
  • Unnecessary repetition are frequent
  • Arrangement is weak or flow jerky
  • No economy of language
  • Mother tongue influence is felt
  • Overuse of clichés
  • (Communication with difficulty)

B (11-15) – Greater fluency and easy of expression

  • Sentences are varied and well-constructed
  • Some candidates become ambitious or even over ambitious
  • There may be items of merit (one word expression type)
  • Clean and unassuming essay
  • Candidate is at ease with the language
  • Give credit for tone-choice of words in context e.g. court, weddings – mood etc.
  • (Communicates with some fluency)

A 16-20) – Candidates communicates not only fluently but also attractively with

originality and efficiency ( A definite spark)

  • Candidate makes use or shares his/her feelings, emotions enthusiasms.
  • Expresses themselves freely and without any visible constraint.
  • Script gives evidence of maturity, good planning and often humour.
  • Many items of merits – i.e Complete command of language
  • Apt expression/clever arrangement/felicity of expression
  • Vocabulary/idioms/sentences structures are excellent.
  • (A definite spark)

 

  1. Introduction (2mks)

Selfishness is a vice that hurts other people and sometimes it breaks marriages and one ends up losing friend or loved ones.  A relationship with a selfish person is hard, to maintain, as seen in Ibsen’s A Doll’s House.

Accept any other relevant introduction

 

Body ( 12 marks)

Torvald dismisses Krogstad from his job for trivial reasons.  His selfishness takes an upper hand as he claims that it I already known in the bank that he means to dismiss Krogstad and changing his mind, at his wife’s bidding would make him look ridiculous before his staff.  He regards Krogstad as a liar and a hypocrite who poisons his home with germs full of evil.  The fact that he thinks Krostad immoral, and also addresses him in an informal tone when people are around is quite a selfish act.  Krogstad, is struggling to keep his job at the bank in order to take care of his children.  When Torvald dismisses him, he is distraught.  Torvald also suffers anguish, saying Nora has destroyed his family, his life when Krostad reveals her secrets on loan and forgery.

 

Torvald concerns are only about his reputation.  He lacks consideration for Nora.  She borrows 250 pounds from Nils Krostad in order to save her ailing husband.  When he finds out, he rebukes her claiming that Nora has destroyed his happiness and ruined his future.  He calls her a liar, a criminal and a thoughtless woman.  He also treats her like a child and a play object instead of a wife and an equal partner.  He calls her silly names like squirrel, skylark and little spendthrift.  She is not allowed to eat macaroons.  All this pains Nora who says she was never happy.  She decides to leave him and the children to seek self-fulfillment and independence.  Torvald loses the good reputation he always tried to have in the public eye because his marriage fails.

 

Torvald himself suffer the consequence of having a live without a wife because of his chauvinism.  He has to face the same world he has lived all his life trying to please by displaying a perfect functioning family.  This is after his wife left him after mistreating her just to appear strong before the world.  He restricts her from doing what she wants and treats her like a Doll-an object to be played with. Yet one is a grown-up.  For instance he stops her from eating macaroons.  Their marriage is full of pretence and deception.  Disappointed Nora decides to leave, he begs her to stay but to no avail.  He sinks in a chair and buries his face in his hands.  He suffers mental anguish for his chauvinistic behavuiour.

 

Torvald is so much self-absorbed that when he discovers the secret about his wife, he states that she is no longer allowed to raise his children.  He says Nora will infect the children with the germs of immorality.  When she could not take it anymore, she decided to leave the children under the care of a maid, Anne.  The children suffer the pain of growing up without their mother.  Nora is pained leaving her children, yet Torvald is hit hard by the realization that Nora no longer loves him. He is left alone without his wife and with children he never really interacts with, for a house with children can only be good for a mother, a wife.

 

NB:  The candidate must bring out textual details of a character’s selfishness, then the consequences repercussions he suffers because of this selfishness and the suffering of the victim of his selfishness. Expect reference to Torvald as the selfish character.

Accept any four WELL DEVELOPED paragraphs Mark 3:3:3:3

 

Conclusion    (2 marks)

Selfishness brings bitterness and regrets: Selfishness is a virtue we should embrace.

Accept any other relevant conclusion.

00 marks in body, conclusion = 0; 01-05 = 01; 06 – 12 = 2

 

Grammar ( 4 marks)

 

Body/Content marks: 1-4+ 1 mk grammar; 5-6+2 marks; 7-8+3 marks; 9-12 = 4 marks

 

  1. (a) The Umbrella Man by Siddhartha Gigoo

Showing love and care to people living with mental diseases enables them to improve their states.  Drawing evidence from “The Umbrella Man” by Siddhartha Gigoo, write an essay supporting this view.

 

 

 

Introduction  (2mks)

What people who live with mental sicknesses expect from their communities is love, care and concern from everyone.  This enables them to lead fulfilling and humane lives as seen in “The Umbrella Man” by Siddhartha Gigoo.

Accept any other relevant introduction

 

L(i) Allowed to keep an Umbrella, his only companion in isolation.

Mentally sick people should be allowed to have possession of the things they like so long as they don’t hurt them.  The man is allowed to keep an umbrella and it had become his playmate.  The inmates never had visitors nor were they allowed to have any possessions, apparently to avoid hurting themselves or other inmates.  They were bereft of any worldly possessions apart from two sets of clothes, made of cotton and wool respectively.  The umbrella brought much satisfaction to the man.  It was the most beautiful thing in the entire asylum, and brought a smile on his lips.  He took leisurely walks in the compound holding over his head to the admiration and envy of fellow inmates.  The umbrella also enables him to while time long, lonely times in his ward and everywhere he carried IT, all the way to his freedom.  It had become his playmate.  An ordinary, inanimate thing like an umbrella may seem a nonsensical tool of ownership to the ordinary person, but may be the only means of meaningful interaction for mentally challenged people and the bridge between complete insanity and substantial recovery as witnessed in the umbrella man.

 

L (ii)  Permission to keep umbrella gives the man hope

Allowing people living with mental to own what they love gives them hope to live to see another day, to trudge on in life.  The umbrella man keeps and goes out every evening, hoping that it would rain.  Rain had evaded the place for several months.  He looked forward to making good use of the umbrella because it’s only rain that defines it, makes it worthwhile.  So, as the man waited long for the clouds and the rain, he kept hoping and this enables him to endure the stay in the asylum.  He believes      I the rain and this keeps him living for something.  His fascination for the rain keeps him hoping it is going to rain soon.  On his last day in the asylum, it does rain and this coincides with his release and freedom.  He walks to freedom sheltering himself from the rain splashes using his umbrella.  Were it not for this one commodity that he was allowed to keep. Perhaps Number 7’s mental condition may not have improved, and may not left the asylum after all.

L(iii)  Allowance to stroll about in their confinement improves their conditions.

Exposing mentally sick people nature and guided movement enhances their healing process.  They should not be bound with ropes and contained in complete isolation.  The inmates were only allowed to go out of the confinement wards in the evenings.  This enabled them t have a sense of freedom leading to amelioration of their mental conditions.  Number 7 was the only one allowed to walk out of the gate and spend some time in the street nearby.  The doctors allowed him this privilege because of his obedience and calmness.  Though it is part of the confined compound f the asylum, this permission granted to the man greatly complements his recuperation process.  He was allowed to have leisurely walks in the compound on sunny afternoons.  Through these walks, he gets a chance to savour the natural environment, making his mind relaxed and perceptions enhanced, leading to eventual healing.  The puny little fellow he has conversation with – we know it is a dialogue he has in his mind owing to his disturbed mental state – indicates the man’s appreciation of Mother Nature.  The little fellow ‘tells’ him to look around and enjoy the beautiful nature:  the bees, flowers, beehive and leaves.  The man has a chance to see and believe in nature’s miracles, and the doctors confirm this, noting that their efforts have yielded fruit.  The man’s condition has improved so much that he is finally released from the asylum of mentally-ill.  If he was not allowed to move around but entirely confined to his room, the man could not have recovered.

 

 

L (iv) Exposure enables mentally ill people to appreciate the plight of others and

           hence theirs in turn.

 

Through controlled stroll in the compound, the umbrella man comes in contact with the puny little fellow, who seems to have a worse condition than him; hence the latter appreciates himself better, leading to eventual healing.  The termite that Number 7 converses with is in his mind, triggered by the termit anthill and termites that he sees at the gate of the asylum during his strolls.  The termite ‘tells’ him that he is pessimist who does not appreciate nature and ‘challenges’ him on his relentless crave for the rain, just to make use of his umbrella, yet rain could destroy the lives and abode of the defenseless insects.  It would wreak havoc upon hapless folks like them, yet the little fellow is not afraid.  Indeed, a little rain is a deluge for the little fellow and his kin, but ‘he’ does not ‘challenges’ Number 7 to stop creating knots and untying them, meaning complicating his life with unnecessary worries, anxieties, and paranoia, some of the symptoms exhibited by mentally ill patients.  Even on his release, the umbrella man passes by the anthill and realizes that the rains have carried it away, together with its occupiers.  He leaves the precinct of the asylum free, aware that his plight is not the worst, others go through worse, And in his condition he is luckier.  He does not only leave the physical asylum, but also begins to depart from his own mental confinement to freedom from worries, anxieties and depressions.

 

L (v) Provision of proper medical care and safety

 

People living with mental diseases need appropriate, secure abodes and professional Medicare in order to improve their conditions.  Each of the inmates in the asylum is allocates a ward where they stay when not allowed to go out.  This keeps them safe from physical harm from inmates who may exhibit violent or extreme behavior.  Though all inmates are allowed to go out in the evenings, it is only occupant of ward  Number 7 who has the privilege of sauntering out of the gates to access a street beyond the restricted area.  This is because of his obedience and calmness.  This indicates the other inmates may have been violent, hence the confinement in separate but safe cells.  Moreover, there are qualified doctors who attend the patients and committee that makes conclusions about the patients’ confinement and discharge based on evidence, facts and careful examination.  It is these meticulous and professional services that are given to the mental disease patients that enable them to recover from whatever mental ailments afflicting them, like patient Number 7.  Without such, they may continue suffering unnecessarily and resort to deeper mental torture.

 

Accept any four WELL DEVELOPED paragraphs.  Mark 3:3:3:3

 

Conclusion (2mks)

 

Every society has cases of people who suffer from one mental condition to another.  Such people should not be subjected to mediocre, unorthodox and inhumane treatments, but should be given care, shown love and provided with necessary medical assistance.

 

Accept any other relevant conclusion.

00 marks in body, conclusion = 0; 01-05 = 01; 06 – 12 = 2

 

Grammar (4mks)

 

Body/Content marks: 1-4+ 1 mk grammar; 5-6+2 marks; 7-8+3 marks; 9-12 = 4 marks

 

 

(b)  Basing your argument on David Mulwa’s in heritance, write an essay showing

       how citizens suffer due to bad leadership.

 

Introduction  (2mks)

 

When the leaders of a country indulge in corruption, poor leadership and self-preservation, it is the citizenry that end up suffering as witnessed in Mulwa’s Inheritance.

 

Accept any other relevant introduction.

S (i)  Bad leadership resorts to unwarranted loss of jobs and subsequent suffering.

 

When Romanus Bengo tries to contest for the seat Councilor, president Lacuna does not like the idea because one of his most trustworthy confidants, Councilor Chipande, is seeking the same position.  Bengo has immense support from the electorate and Lacuna fears losing his close informant and loyalist to his most vocal political critic, Bengo.  He, therefore, manipulates and blackmails Judah Zen Mello, Bengo’s brother, to denounce support for  his sibling, and then pledge his loyalty to the president afresh.  Zen refuses, vowing not to betray his own blood.  Angry and disappointed, Lacuna sacks Zen from his lucrative party spokesman’s position, has him physically attacked and dumped at his hours.  He also loses his government house, vehicles and has to tarmac for a long time because nobody wants to offer him one fearing reprisals from Lacuna.  He works as a watchman to survive, and ends up as a machine operator after bribing the mines manager.  He eventually dies in an accident plotted by Lacuna in efforts for self-preservation.

 

S (ii)  Family breakdown/disintegration

 

Bad leadership makes families to separate and disintegrate.  When Zen Mello is sacked from the ruling party’s lucrative position because he refuses to support Lacuna’s confidant, councilor Chipande, to defend his political seat, his family is left with no breadwinner heralding a series of problems bedeviling his wife and the children.  Zen has to leave his family behind to seek for employment but nobody dares give him a job not to suffer government reprisals.  Tamina is left struggling to make ends meet.  She has to pick coffee for councilor Chipande on a farm she sold him for peanuts in efforts to survive. She patiently waits for Juda’s return for a long time.  Their two son’s patience runs out and they leave home to go and look for their father and seek for jobs.  Zen begins to drink to forget his tribulations; he even loses faith in religion.  He is a shadow of his former self.  He does not believe in principles anymore, but only thinks of keeping the energy-sapping job of a machine operator.  Even when he returns home, he cannot stay long with his wife but wants to go out, drink and drown his problems.

 

S (iii)  Lack of school fees

 

Parents do not have money to pay school levies.  When Judah I sacked following a difference with the president, who wants him to stop supporting his brother, Bengo, for his political loyalist, councilor Chipande, his family is left in shambles.  Judah’s two boys drop out of school and there is no money to pay for Lulu’s fees.  She and three hundred other students are sent away from school to get money.  Two thousand fees balance, three for perimeter fence construction a thousand games activity fee and two for exams.  All these are unnecessary levies yet the leaders tell them to tighten their belts for there are no free things.  Yet president Lacuna can’t help but only eats with his clansmen.  Lulu even toys with the lowest level of desperation, the idea of selling her body to raise money to pay for fees.

 

S (iv)  Indiscriminate imprisonment

Those who oppose president Lacuna’s leadership are imprisoned without trial.  Bengo’s clamor for political change makes him to wander all over preaching about to the poor to become masters of their loves and should therefore ditch Lacuna and his corrupt cronies.  Bendo could not stop criticizing Lacuna even after his brother Judah warned him to stop for he was ordained of God.  In retaliation, Lacuna had Bengo imprisoned on trumped up charges, paving the way for councilor Chipande’s election to parliament, a position he holds for a long time while Bengo is in prison.

 

S (v) Lack of basics like food and water

Lacuna Kasoo’s government policies are lopsided leading to lack of basic needs like water.  The government executes a project where all the water in the village are directed to one source without proper research.  All the water sources, brooks and springs are directed towards one large dam.  Citizens protest are not listened to.  Lacuna launches the project which he earnestly supports through the mass media.  The entire Bukelenge valley becomes dry, and the villagers have to walk for fifteen miles everyday from dawn to dusk to get water.

 

S (vi)  Death to those who oppose the leader

President Lacuna rules with an iron fist and does not allow opposition from anybody.  Those who attempt to are locked up and/or executed without mercy.  During his coronation, thousands of those who grumbled that they were crowing the wrong leader, instead of Rev. Sangoi were killed.  Judah Zen Mello ends up killed in a planned execution through an old machine in the mines by Lacuna, who seeks self-preservation and detests opposers.  Lacuna orders the indiscriminate shooting of those protesting against him.

 

S (vii)  Lacuna impoverishes the citizens through foreign borrowing, but misappropriates public funds for personal benefits.  Ordinary people live in abject poverty.

 

S (viii)  The youth, young people like Lulu suffer sexual harassment, embarrassment and exploitation.  Lulu is forced to undergo a retrogressive, torturous ritual and incarceration all for the purpose of having Lacuna stay in power.

 

Accept any four well developed paragraphs.  Mark3:3:3:3

 

Candidate must bring out the inept, corrupt, poor or selfish leadership, and how it leads to specific suffering of the citizens, both physical and psychological.

 

Conclusion  (2mks)

 

A leadership that is controlled by corruption, self-preservation ineptitude only leads to great oppression of the ordinary citizens.  Leaders must obey the law and use roper governance principles in order to uplift the loves of the people.

Accept any other relevant conclusion.

00 marks in body, conclusion = 0; 01-05 = 01; 06 – 12 = 2

 

Grammar (4 marks)

 

Body/Content marks: 1-4+ 1 mk grammar; 5-6+2 marks; 7-8+3 marks; 9-12 = 4 marks

(c)  Introduction (2mks)

Though Juana blindly submits to her husband’s wishes, she also behaves with strength and logic despite the most trying of circumstances.  Her role in the story is to provide the reason that Kino lacks as he moves further into the unreasoning.

Accept any other relevant introduction.

 

Juana’s ability to make swift judgement is first seen when the child is stung by the scorpion.  She takes several quick steps to save his life.  First, she sucks the poison out of Coyotito’s body.  She then rushes the child to the doctor to seek treatment when it became apparent that the doctor would not come to the brush houses where lived.  After praying and chanting ancient magic spells, she gathers brown seaweed and makes a poultice which she them applies to the child’s shoulder to help reduce the pain.  She manages to save the child’s life since the poison eventually recedes from his body.

 

Juana does what is best for her family even if she might anger her husband.  This is seen when she attempts to throw the pearl into the sea, realizing that this object was consuming her husband and stealing his joy, his safety, and even the peace of their family since so many people were trying to steal the pearl from them.  Kino attacks her face with a clenched fist and kicks her on the side.  She remains calm even after Kino attacks her. She hands back the pearl to him.  She is contented with the little they have unlike Kino who is blinded by greed.  This shows that she reasons sensibly.

Juana is wise enough to see the potentially harmful nature of the pearl.  She consistently warns him of the impending danger the pearl could    bring to the family.  Kino is injured while trying to protect it by fighting a thief who had tried to steal it.  She says that the pearl is evil and that they should get rid of it, Kino does not heed to her advice for he is blinded by his desires.  Kino is injured again and gets a deep cut running from ear to chin.  She cries out again that the pearl is evil and it will destroy their family together with their son and sure enough their hut is burnt, the canoe is broken and their son Coyotito dies.  Juana is surely rational, for had Kino listened to her this would not have happened

 

Juana act as embodiment of reason while Kino becomes totally consumed by greed.  She takes care of herself, her baby and her husband in any way possible.  She cooks for them infact Kino could never remember seeing her eyes closed when he awakened.  She advises Kino to leave the village after he killed a man.  She offers to go with him to the North.  When Kino suggests that they split up so that he tries to mislead the trackers, she refuses and says that they stick together.  She asks him to remove the white clothes as he readied himself to attack the trackers.  After Coyotito’s death, she remains close to the trackers.  After Coyotito’s death, she remains close to her husband when they return the village with their lifeless baby.  She obviously puts in a lot of effort in trying to protect her family.

 

Accept any 4 well developed points   Mark 3:3:3:3

 

Conclusion ( 2 marks)

In conclusion, Juana is more reflective on issues and her sense of judgment saves the day where Kino rebuffs her advice,, there are consequences they suffer.

 

Accept any other valid conclusion.

00 marks in body, conclusion = 0; 01-05 = 01; 06 – 12 = 2

Grammar (4mks)

Body/Content marks: 1-4+ 1 mk grammar; 5-6+2 marks; 7-8+3 marks; 9-12 = 4 marks

 

 

 

 

See also  Blossoms of the Savannah Revised & Final Notes

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